Essential Camera Exposure Controls                             PART 2                           Sandro CucciaSunday, Decem...
Creative Control Over Depth-of-FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
Aperture                            The f-Stop                           f4 = 1:4 = 1/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
Aperture                              The f-Stop                  f4 = 1:4 = 1/4          f16 = 1:16 = 1/16Sunday, Decembe...
Aperture                           “Whole” StopsSunday, December 5, 2010
ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
Aperture                           1/16                                             1/4                                   ...
Aperture                                             1/4                           1/16                                   ...
Aperture                           1. The SMALLER                           the f-Stop (number) …                         ...
Aperture                  2. Each Time You Move from One                  Whole f-Stop to the next Whole                  ...
Aperture                           We “Stop Down” a Stop                            We “Open Up” a StopSunday, December 5,...
ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
Aperture                 f2.0 f2.8 f4 f5.6 f8 f11 f16 f22                           “Whole F-Stops”Sunday, December 5, 2010
Aperture           f2.8            f4     f5.6    f8      f11   f16                                “Whole F-Stops”Sunday, ...
Aperture           f2.8                   f4          f5.6          f8          f11         f16                           ...
Aperture           f2.8                   f4             f5.6           f8              f11         f16                   ...
Aperture               END WEEK 9 HERE                                                  20100419               A P      R ...
Lens Metrics                           Fixed Aperture Lenses                                    …Sunday, December 5, 2010
…Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
…Sunday, December 5, 2010
17 - 55mm 1: 2.8                             Zoom        Fixed                                    Maximum ApertureSunday, ...
…Sunday, December 5, 2010
50mm 1: 1.4                            A “Prime” Lens                              FAST!!Sunday, December 5, 2010
A “Prime” Lens                                      400mm f/2.8                           $8899.00                        ...
Lens Metrics                           Variable Aperture LensesSunday, December 5, 2010
6.4 - 32mm 1: 3.6 - 4.5Sunday, December 5, 2010
…Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
70-300mm 1:4.5-5.6                            Zoom       Variable                                   Maximum ApertureSunday...
18-55mm f/3.5-5.6                               $199.00Sunday, December 5, 2010
17-55mm f/2.8                                 $1500.00                           …Sunday, December 5, 2010
Essential Camera Exposure Controls                              The                           Exposure                    ...
APERTURE       ISO                                      …Sunday, December 5, 2010
SHUTTER                            SPEEDSunday, December 5, 2010
A P         EC                 APERTURE Regulates      R                              QUANTITY of Light                   ...
SHUTTER SPEED Regulates                      the AMOUNT OF TIME that                  Light is Given to Strike the SensorS...
Sunday, December 5, 2010
A “Good Exposure” is a                            combination of Aperture                               and Shutter Speed ...
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Aperture               A P      R EC                           Creative Control Over Depth-of-FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter Speed                           Creative Control Over MotionSunday, December 5, 2010
Leaf or        Focal Plane          Diaphragm          Shutter            ShutterSunday, December 5, 2010
The Focal Plane ShutterSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter Speed  1”               1/2        1/4    1/8    1/15   1/30   1/60                           1/125    1/250    1/...
Shutter Speed                               4 2 1                              1/2 1/4 1/8 1/15 1/30 1/60 1/125           ...
Shutter Speed                               4 2 1                               2 4 8 15 30 60 125                        ...
Shutter Speed   15                      30        60    125     250     500     1000             20                 45    ...
Shutter Speed   15                      30         60         125       250         500         1000             20       ...
ISO            50             100         200         400         800      1600                  64       80   125   160  ...
Shutter Speed                     Each Time You Double or Halve                            Exposure Time,                 ...
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter Speed                           Is It Moving … or Just Parked?Sunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter Speed                           Is It Moving … or Just Parked?Sunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
PanningSunday, December 5, 2010
PanningSunday, December 5, 2010
Panning                           Panned @ 1/30 secondSunday, December 5, 2010
Panning                           1/30 secondSunday, December 5, 2010
Panning                           1/500 secondSunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
1/60 SecondSunday, December 5, 2010
1/8 SecondSunday, December 5, 2010
1/2 SecondSunday, December 5, 2010
1 SecondSunday, December 5, 2010
6 SecondsSunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
APERTURE               SHUTTER                               The       SPEED                            Exposure          ...
EXPOSURE              P          C A          The amount of light      R E                    received by the sensor,     ...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                                                        …    An Inverse Relationship between Aperture a...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                              For Any Given Exposure                           Reported by the Light Me...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                           What are some Equivalent Exposures ?Sunday, December 5, 2010
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                                     Aperture    f/5.6                                                 ...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                                                 1/8                                                 se...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE    IF ...          f/5.6          NOW, WE WANT TO USE ...     f/4     Garden Hose                     ...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                            A Practical Example!Sunday, December 5, 2010
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                           pl e…                  x am           rE                       Your camera i...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                             Your Exposure Mode is set to                                 Program Mode ...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                      You compose the shot           and press the shutter release button half-way    I...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                           The camera’s exposure meter reports                              an average ...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                                  But … What if …    ISO 200                …you wanted a larger apertu...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                           What if you wanted f/4 instead of                              the recommend...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE             What is the Equivalent Exposure of 1/500 sec @ f/8                         if we want to u...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                              What Shutter Speed                             will produce a properly   ...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                           f-stop                 Shutter Speed                           f/2.8        ...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                                  But wait …                           … what if you want f/2.8?    ISO...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                           f-stop                 Shutter Speed                           f/2.8        ...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                                          But …                           … Your camera’s fastest shutt...
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURESunday, December 5, 2010
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                                 The Solution …                              … Adjust ISO Setting!    I...
Shutter Speed               1/60               @ f/22Sunday, December 5, 2010
EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE                           f-stop                 Shutter Speed                           f/2.8        ...
1/2000               @ f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter Speed              1/2000               @ f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
Shutter Speed                           An Exposure Table     Camera     Meter     Indicates                              ...
Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
Exposure Modes (Nikon)                           Shooting Modes (Canon)Sunday, December 5, 2010
Exposure Modes (Nikon)                           Shooting Modes (Canon)                                      AUTO         ...
AUTOSunday, December 5, 2010
PROGRAM MODE (P)                           The Camera chooses the best combination                                of Apert...
PROGRAM SHIFT MODE (P)                              Nikon: “Flexible Program Mode”                           The Camera ch...
PROGRAM SHIFT MODE (P)                           Nikon: “Flexible Program Mode”                       If Camera chooses f/...
APERTURE PRIORITY (A or Av)                         YOU set the desired ISO and Aperture,                     The Camera s...
SHUTTER PRIORITY (S or Sv)                           YOU set the desired ISO and Shutter Speed,                           ...
MANUAL (M)             YOU set the desired ISO, Aperture, and Shutter Speed                The Camera simply provides a me...
Scenario 1 - Sports                           Goal: High-Speed for Freezing Motion                                  Use Sh...
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Scenario 1 - Sports                           Goal: High-Speed for Freezing Motion                                   Use S...
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Scenario 2 - Portraits                                 Goal: An Artistic Narrow D.O.F.                                    ...
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Scenario 2 - Portraits                                 Goal: An Artistic Narrow D.O.F.                                    ...
Scenario 3 - Panoramas                            Goal: Stitch together 2 or more photos                                  ...
Want to really geek-out on this stuff?                            The Ultimate Exposure Computer                          ...
CREATIVITY IN EXPOSURESunday, December 5, 2010
DEPTH-OF-FIELD                               APERTURE                           CAPTURING TIME                            ...
DEPTH-OF-FIELD         The amount of space in front of and behind              the subject of your photograph             ...
DEPTH-OF-FIELD         The amount of space in front of and behind              the subject of your photograph             ...
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
F-Stops                           for Depth of FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
F-Stops for Depth of Field                                  Typical                               Point-n-Shoot           ...
Depth-of-Field                           f/2Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                           f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                           f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                           f/5.6Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                           f/8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                           f/11Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                           f/16Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                 f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                 f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                 f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                 f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
EXAMPLES                           for Depth of Field effect                            a.k.a. Selective FocusSunday, Dece...
Seeing As Your    Depth of Field          Camera Sees                 f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Seeing As Your    Depth of Field          Camera Sees                 f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Seeing As Your    Depth of Field          Camera Sees                 f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Seeing As Your    Depth of Field          Camera Sees                 f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                 f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                  f/8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field               f/16Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field               f/16Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field               f/16Sunday, December 5, 2010
Influencing Depth-of-FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
Influencing Depth-of-Field                           1. APERTURESunday, December 5, 2010
Influencing Depth-of-Field                           1. APERTURE                                                       Wide...
Depth-of-Field                           Influencing Depth-of-Field                           1. APERTURE                  ...
Depth-of-Field                             ↓ Aperture Size = ↑ DOF                           f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                             ↓ Aperture Size = ↑ DOF                           f/5.6Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                             ↓ Aperture Size = ↑ DOF                           f/11Sunday, December 5, 2010
Depth-of-Field                           ↓ Focal Length = ↑ DOF                           28mm Wide Angle LensSunday, Dece...
Depth-of-Field                           ↑ Focal Length = ↓ DOF                           200mm Telephoto LensSunday, Dece...
Depth-of-Field                           ↑ Distance = ↑ DOF                           28mm Lens @ 30 cmSunday, December 5,...
Depth-of-Field                            ↑ Distance = ↑ DOF                           28mm Lens @ 3 metersSunday, Decembe...
Achieving Desired Depth-of-Field                                  For Shallow DOF                    1. Use a LARGE apertu...
Achieving Desired Depth-of-Field                                 For Large/Deep DOF               1. Use a SMALL aperture ...
Previewing & Predicting Depth of FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
Automatic Lens Diaphragm                           > View through maximum aperture                           > Shoot at “t...
DOF Preview ButtonSunday, December 5, 2010
We view image at Maximum ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
D.O.F. Preview shows image at the                                    required ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
CREATIVITY IN EXPOSURESunday, December 5, 2010
DEPTH-OF-FIELD                               APERTURE                           CAPTURING TIME                            ...
CAPTURING TIME                              SHUTTER SPEEDSunday, December 5, 2010
Capturing TimeSunday, December 5, 2010
Speed or Blur?Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
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Sunday, December 5, 2010
PanningSunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
See You                                  in the                                 Spring!!                           © Sandr...
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DSLR Photography - Exposure Controls Part 12 - Week 13

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  • Marvelous Presentation Would you please send me the presentation for training purposes my email adress is : imadmass70@outlook.com thanks
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  • amazing presentation. you need to allow us to use this for training purposes. please send it to me also? khuzaimaj@gmail.com
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DSLR Photography - Exposure Controls Part 12 - Week 13

  1. 1. Essential Camera Exposure Controls PART 2 Sandro CucciaSunday, December 5, 2010
  2. 2. Creative Control Over Depth-of-FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
  3. 3. Aperture The f-Stop f4 = 1:4 = 1/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
  4. 4. Aperture The f-Stop f4 = 1:4 = 1/4 f16 = 1:16 = 1/16Sunday, December 5, 2010
  5. 5. Aperture “Whole” StopsSunday, December 5, 2010
  6. 6. ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  7. 7. Aperture 1/16 1/4 …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  8. 8. Aperture 1/4 1/16 …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  9. 9. Aperture 1. The SMALLER the f-Stop (number) … the LARGER the ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  10. 10. Aperture 2. Each Time You Move from One Whole f-Stop to the next Whole f-Stop, You Either Halve or Double the Amount of Light Reaching the SensorSunday, December 5, 2010
  11. 11. Aperture We “Stop Down” a Stop We “Open Up” a StopSunday, December 5, 2010
  12. 12. ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  13. 13. ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  14. 14. ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  15. 15. ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  16. 16. ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  17. 17. ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  18. 18. Aperture f2.0 f2.8 f4 f5.6 f8 f11 f16 f22 “Whole F-Stops”Sunday, December 5, 2010
  19. 19. Aperture f2.8 f4 f5.6 f8 f11 f16 “Whole F-Stops”Sunday, December 5, 2010
  20. 20. Aperture f2.8 f4 f5.6 f8 f11 f16 f3.3 f4.8 f6.7 f9.5 f13 “Halves”Sunday, December 5, 2010
  21. 21. Aperture f2.8 f4 f5.6 f8 f11 f16 f3.3 f4.8 f6.7 f9.5 f13 f3.2 f3.5 f4.5 f5.0 f6.3 f7.1 f9.0 f10.0 f12.0 f14.0 “Thirds”Sunday, December 5, 2010
  22. 22. Aperture END WEEK 9 HERE 20100419 A P R EC 1. The Aperture Lets Light Into the Camera 2. Lens Openings Are Referred to as f-STOPS 3. Smaller f-Stop = Larger Aperture Opening 4. Larger f-Stop = Smaller Aperture Opening 5. Think of Pie! 6. OPEN UP 1 Stop = DOUBLE the Light 7. STOP DOWN 1 Stop = HALVE the Light Week 11Sunday, December 5, 2010
  23. 23. Lens Metrics Fixed Aperture Lenses …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  24. 24. …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  25. 25. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  26. 26. …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  27. 27. 17 - 55mm 1: 2.8 Zoom Fixed Maximum ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  28. 28. …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  29. 29. 50mm 1: 1.4 A “Prime” Lens FAST!!Sunday, December 5, 2010
  30. 30. A “Prime” Lens 400mm f/2.8 $8899.00 …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  31. 31. Lens Metrics Variable Aperture LensesSunday, December 5, 2010
  32. 32. 6.4 - 32mm 1: 3.6 - 4.5Sunday, December 5, 2010
  33. 33. …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  34. 34. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  35. 35. 70-300mm 1:4.5-5.6 Zoom Variable Maximum ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  36. 36. 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 $199.00Sunday, December 5, 2010
  37. 37. 17-55mm f/2.8 $1500.00 …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  38. 38. Essential Camera Exposure Controls The Exposure Triangle APERTURE SHUTTER SPEED ISOSunday, December 5, 2010
  39. 39. APERTURE ISO …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  40. 40. SHUTTER SPEEDSunday, December 5, 2010
  41. 41. A P EC APERTURE Regulates R QUANTITY of Light that Reaches the SensorSunday, December 5, 2010
  42. 42. SHUTTER SPEED Regulates the AMOUNT OF TIME that Light is Given to Strike the SensorSunday, December 5, 2010
  43. 43. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  44. 44. A “Good Exposure” is a combination of Aperture and Shutter Speed at any given ISO sensitivity.Sunday, December 5, 2010
  45. 45. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  46. 46. Aperture A P R EC Creative Control Over Depth-of-FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
  47. 47. Shutter Speed Creative Control Over MotionSunday, December 5, 2010
  48. 48. Leaf or Focal Plane Diaphragm Shutter ShutterSunday, December 5, 2010
  49. 49. The Focal Plane ShutterSunday, December 5, 2010
  50. 50. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  51. 51. Shutter Speed 1” 1/2 1/4 1/8 1/15 1/30 1/60 1/125 1/250 1/500 1/1000 … FRACTIONS OF A SECOND Slower FasterSunday, December 5, 2010
  52. 52. Shutter Speed 4 2 1 1/2 1/4 1/8 1/15 1/30 1/60 1/125 1/250 1/500 1/1000 ... “Whole Shutter Speeds” …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  53. 53. Shutter Speed 4 2 1 2 4 8 15 30 60 125 250 500 1000 ... B = BulbSunday, December 5, 2010
  54. 54. Shutter Speed 15 30 60 125 250 500 1000 20 45 90 180 350 750 “Halves”Sunday, December 5, 2010
  55. 55. Shutter Speed 15 30 60 125 250 500 1000 20 45 90 180 350 750 17 25 40 50 80 100 160 200 320 400 640 800 “Thirds”Sunday, December 5, 2010
  56. 56. ISO 50 100 200 400 800 1600 64 80 125 160 250 320 500 640 1000 1250 “Thirds”Sunday, December 5, 2010
  57. 57. Shutter Speed Each Time You Double or Halve Exposure Time, You Either Double or Halve the Amount of Light Entering the CameraSunday, December 5, 2010
  58. 58. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  59. 59. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  60. 60. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  61. 61. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  62. 62. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  63. 63. Shutter Speed Is It Moving … or Just Parked?Sunday, December 5, 2010
  64. 64. Shutter Speed Is It Moving … or Just Parked?Sunday, December 5, 2010
  65. 65. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  66. 66. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  67. 67. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  68. 68. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  69. 69. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  70. 70. PanningSunday, December 5, 2010
  71. 71. PanningSunday, December 5, 2010
  72. 72. Panning Panned @ 1/30 secondSunday, December 5, 2010
  73. 73. Panning 1/30 secondSunday, December 5, 2010
  74. 74. Panning 1/500 secondSunday, December 5, 2010
  75. 75. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  76. 76. 1/60 SecondSunday, December 5, 2010
  77. 77. 1/8 SecondSunday, December 5, 2010
  78. 78. 1/2 SecondSunday, December 5, 2010
  79. 79. 1 SecondSunday, December 5, 2010
  80. 80. 6 SecondsSunday, December 5, 2010
  81. 81. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  82. 82. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  83. 83. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  84. 84. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  85. 85. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  86. 86. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  87. 87. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  88. 88. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  89. 89. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  90. 90. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  91. 91. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  92. 92. APERTURE SHUTTER The SPEED Exposure Triangle ISOSunday, December 5, 2010
  93. 93. EXPOSURE P C A The amount of light R E received by the sensor, and is determined by the Aperture and Shutter Speed at any given ISO Sensitivity.Sunday, December 5, 2010
  94. 94. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE … An Inverse Relationship between Aperture and Shutter Speed Reciprocity …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  95. 95. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE For Any Given Exposure Reported by the Light Meter …Sunday, December 5, 2010
  96. 96. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE What are some Equivalent Exposures ?Sunday, December 5, 2010
  97. 97. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE Aperture f/5.6 f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
  98. 98. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE 1/8 sec 1/4 secSunday, December 5, 2010
  99. 99. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE IF ... f/5.6 NOW, WE WANT TO USE ... f/4 Garden Hose Fire Hose 1/4 sec THEN ... 1/8 secSunday, December 5, 2010
  100. 100. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE A Practical Example!Sunday, December 5, 2010
  101. 101. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE pl e… x am rE Your camera is set to F o ISO 200 This remains constantSunday, December 5, 2010
  102. 102. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE Your Exposure Mode is set to Program Mode (P) ISO 200 a.k.a. Programmed Auto, Flexible ProgramSunday, December 5, 2010
  103. 103. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE You compose the shot and press the shutter release button half-way ISO 200 to activate the exposure meter (and focus)Sunday, December 5, 2010
  104. 104. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE The camera’s exposure meter reports an average exposure setting of ISO 200 1/500 sec f/8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  105. 105. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE But … What if … ISO 200 …you wanted a larger aperture ? 1/500 sec f/8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  106. 106. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE What if you wanted f/4 instead of the recommended f/8 ? ISO 200 ? sec f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
  107. 107. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE What is the Equivalent Exposure of 1/500 sec @ f/8 if we want to use f/4 instead? ISO 200 ? sec In other words… f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
  108. 108. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE What Shutter Speed will produce a properly exposed image taken with ISO 200 an aperture setting of f/4 ? ? sec f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
  109. 109. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE f-stop Shutter Speed f/2.8 1/4000 f/4 1/2000 f/5.6 1/1000 @ 200 ISO, Meter wants: f/8 1/500 f/11 1/250 f/16 1/125 f/22 1/60Sunday, December 5, 2010
  110. 110. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE But wait … … what if you want f/2.8? ISO 200 ? sec f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  111. 111. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE f-stop Shutter Speed f/2.8 1/4000 f/4 1/2000 f/5.6 1/1000 @ 200 ISO, Meter wants: f/8 1/500 f/11 1/250 f/16 1/125 f/22 1/60Sunday, December 5, 2010
  112. 112. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE But … … Your camera’s fastest shutter speed ISO 200 is 1/2000 sec.!1/4000 sec You get “HI” warnings! f/2.8 Now what?Sunday, December 5, 2010
  113. 113. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURESunday, December 5, 2010
  114. 114. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE The Solution … … Adjust ISO Setting! ISO 100 Use a Lower Sensitivity ISO1/2000 sec f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  115. 115. Shutter Speed 1/60 @ f/22Sunday, December 5, 2010
  116. 116. EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE f-stop Shutter Speed f/2.8 1/4000 f/4 1/2000 f/5.6 1/1000 f/8 1/500 f/11 1/250 f/16 1/125 @ 200 ISO, Meter wants: f/22 1/60Sunday, December 5, 2010
  117. 117. 1/2000 @ f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
  118. 118. Shutter Speed 1/2000 @ f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
  119. 119. Shutter Speed An Exposure Table Camera Meter Indicates Exposure Value (EV) Equivalent Exposures ISO 100Sunday, December 5, 2010
  120. 120. Shutter SpeedSunday, December 5, 2010
  121. 121. Exposure Modes (Nikon) Shooting Modes (Canon)Sunday, December 5, 2010
  122. 122. Exposure Modes (Nikon) Shooting Modes (Canon) AUTO PROGRAM AE (P) APERTURE PRIORITY AE (Canon: Av, Nikon: A) SHUTTER PRIORITY AE (Canon: Tv, Nikon: S) MANUAL (M)Sunday, December 5, 2010
  123. 123. AUTOSunday, December 5, 2010
  124. 124. PROGRAM MODE (P) The Camera chooses the best combination of Aperture and Shutter Speed based on a number of parameters ISO: You Set APERTURE: Camera Sets SHUTTER SPEED: Camera SetsSunday, December 5, 2010
  125. 125. PROGRAM SHIFT MODE (P) Nikon: “Flexible Program Mode” The Camera chooses the best combination of Aperture and Shutter Speed but you can SHIFT the combination if you need to be creative!Sunday, December 5, 2010
  126. 126. PROGRAM SHIFT MODE (P) Nikon: “Flexible Program Mode” If Camera chooses f/8 at 1/250, you can shift to EQUIVALENT EXPOSURE combinations: f/5.6 at 1/500 f/8 at 1/250 f/11 at 1/125 1 click 1 click f/4 at 1/1000 f/8 at 1/250 f/16 at 1/60 2 clicks 2 clicks P*Sunday, December 5, 2010
  127. 127. APERTURE PRIORITY (A or Av) YOU set the desired ISO and Aperture, The Camera sets the Shutter Speed accordingly ISO: You Set APERTURE: You Set SHUTTER SPEED: Camera SetsSunday, December 5, 2010
  128. 128. SHUTTER PRIORITY (S or Sv) YOU set the desired ISO and Shutter Speed, The Camera sets the Aperture accordingly ISO: You Set APERTURE: Camera Sets SHUTTER SPEED: You SetSunday, December 5, 2010
  129. 129. MANUAL (M) YOU set the desired ISO, Aperture, and Shutter Speed The Camera simply provides a meter reading. ISO: You Set APERTURE: You Set SHUTTER SPEED: You SetSunday, December 5, 2010
  130. 130. Scenario 1 - Sports Goal: High-Speed for Freezing Motion Use Shutter Priority For this photo: ISO is at 200 Shutter Speed: 1/1000 Sec The Camera Sets Aperture to f/11Sunday, December 5, 2010
  131. 131. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  132. 132. Scenario 1 - Sports Goal: High-Speed for Freezing Motion Use Shutter Priority For this photo: ISO is at 200 Shutter Speed: 1/1000 Sec The Camera Sets Aperture to f/11 Exposure Compensation: +1 EV Camera keeps 1/1000, changes aperture to f/5.6 [Alternatively: You increase ISO to 400]Sunday, December 5, 2010
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  134. 134. Scenario 2 - Portraits Goal: An Artistic Narrow D.O.F. Use Aperture Priority For this photo: ISO 200 Aperture: f/4 The Camera Sets Shutter Speed to 1/250 secSunday, December 5, 2010
  135. 135. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  136. 136. Scenario 2 - Portraits Goal: An Artistic Narrow D.O.F. Use Aperture Priority For this photo: ISO 200 Aperture: f/4 The Camera Sets Shutter Speed to 1/250 sec If Underexposed: +1 EV Camera keeps f/4, changes shutter speed to 1/125 [Alternatively: Increase ISO to 400]Sunday, December 5, 2010
  137. 137. Scenario 3 - Panoramas Goal: Stitch together 2 or more photos Use Manual Mode You set ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed based on camera meter reading END WEEK 10 HERE 20100426Sunday, December 5, 2010
  138. 138. Want to really geek-out on this stuff? The Ultimate Exposure Computer www.fredparker.com/ultexp1.htmSunday, December 5, 2010
  139. 139. CREATIVITY IN EXPOSURESunday, December 5, 2010
  140. 140. DEPTH-OF-FIELD APERTURE CAPTURING TIME SHUTTER SPEEDSunday, December 5, 2010
  141. 141. DEPTH-OF-FIELD The amount of space in front of and behind the subject of your photograph that appears in focusSunday, December 5, 2010
  142. 142. DEPTH-OF-FIELD The amount of space in front of and behind the subject of your photograph that appears in focus The area that appears acceptably sharp in your photographSunday, December 5, 2010
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  147. 147. F-Stops for Depth of FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
  148. 148. F-Stops for Depth of Field Typical Point-n-Shoot Typical Prosumer CameraSunday, December 5, 2010
  149. 149. Depth-of-Field f/2Sunday, December 5, 2010
  150. 150. Depth-of-Field f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  151. 151. Depth-of-Field f/4Sunday, December 5, 2010
  152. 152. Depth-of-Field f/5.6Sunday, December 5, 2010
  153. 153. Depth-of-Field f/8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  154. 154. Depth-of-Field f/11Sunday, December 5, 2010
  155. 155. Depth-of-Field f/16Sunday, December 5, 2010
  156. 156. Depth-of-Field f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  157. 157. Depth-of-Field f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  158. 158. Depth-of-Field f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  159. 159. Depth-of-Field f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  160. 160. EXAMPLES for Depth of Field effect a.k.a. Selective FocusSunday, December 5, 2010
  161. 161. Seeing As Your Depth of Field Camera Sees f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  162. 162. Seeing As Your Depth of Field Camera Sees f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  163. 163. Seeing As Your Depth of Field Camera Sees f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  164. 164. Seeing As Your Depth of Field Camera Sees f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
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  174. 174. Depth-of-Field f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  175. 175. Depth-of-Field f/8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  176. 176. Depth-of-Field f/16Sunday, December 5, 2010
  177. 177. Depth-of-Field f/16Sunday, December 5, 2010
  178. 178. Depth-of-Field f/16Sunday, December 5, 2010
  179. 179. Influencing Depth-of-FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
  180. 180. Influencing Depth-of-Field 1. APERTURESunday, December 5, 2010
  181. 181. Influencing Depth-of-Field 1. APERTURE Wide-Angle Lens 2. LENS FOCAL LENGTH Telephoto LensSunday, December 5, 2010
  182. 182. Depth-of-Field Influencing Depth-of-Field 1. APERTURE 2. LENS FOCAL LENGTH 3. DISTANCE TO SUBJECTSunday, December 5, 2010
  183. 183. Depth-of-Field ↓ Aperture Size = ↑ DOF f/2.8Sunday, December 5, 2010
  184. 184. Depth-of-Field ↓ Aperture Size = ↑ DOF f/5.6Sunday, December 5, 2010
  185. 185. Depth-of-Field ↓ Aperture Size = ↑ DOF f/11Sunday, December 5, 2010
  186. 186. Depth-of-Field ↓ Focal Length = ↑ DOF 28mm Wide Angle LensSunday, December 5, 2010
  187. 187. Depth-of-Field ↑ Focal Length = ↓ DOF 200mm Telephoto LensSunday, December 5, 2010
  188. 188. Depth-of-Field ↑ Distance = ↑ DOF 28mm Lens @ 30 cmSunday, December 5, 2010
  189. 189. Depth-of-Field ↑ Distance = ↑ DOF 28mm Lens @ 3 metersSunday, December 5, 2010
  190. 190. Achieving Desired Depth-of-Field For Shallow DOF 1. Use a LARGE aperture (eg; f/2.8) 2. Move CLOSER to your subject 3. ZOOM IN and use a LONGER focal lengthSunday, December 5, 2010
  191. 191. Achieving Desired Depth-of-Field For Large/Deep DOF 1. Use a SMALL aperture (eg; f/16) 2. Move FURTHER AWAY from your subject 3. ZOOM OUT and use a SHORTER focal lengthSunday, December 5, 2010
  192. 192. Previewing & Predicting Depth of FieldSunday, December 5, 2010
  193. 193. Automatic Lens Diaphragm > View through maximum aperture > Shoot at “taking” apertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  194. 194. DOF Preview ButtonSunday, December 5, 2010
  195. 195. We view image at Maximum ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  196. 196. D.O.F. Preview shows image at the required ApertureSunday, December 5, 2010
  197. 197. CREATIVITY IN EXPOSURESunday, December 5, 2010
  198. 198. DEPTH-OF-FIELD APERTURE CAPTURING TIME SHUTTER SPEEDSunday, December 5, 2010
  199. 199. CAPTURING TIME SHUTTER SPEEDSunday, December 5, 2010
  200. 200. Capturing TimeSunday, December 5, 2010
  201. 201. Speed or Blur?Sunday, December 5, 2010
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  216. 216. Sunday, December 5, 2010
  217. 217. PanningSunday, December 5, 2010
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  221. 221. See You in the Spring!! © Sandro V Cuccia - www.Imagemedic.comSunday, December 5, 2010

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