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Introduction to biocultural community protocols

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This presentation was used to introduce the concept and rationale of Biocultural Community Protocols (BCPs) to the participants of a training cource held in India and organised by WOTR and LPPS as a …

This presentation was used to introduce the concept and rationale of Biocultural Community Protocols (BCPs) to the participants of a training cource held in India and organised by WOTR and LPPS as a LIFE Network activity.

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  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO BIOCULTURAL COMMUNITY PROTOCOLS: HISTORY AND PURPOSE Ilse Köhler-Rollefson
  • 2. India‘s Livestock Cultures
  • 3. India‘s livestock keepers  Have developed a large number of breeds  Convert local bio-mass into a range of products and services  Make sustainable use of the environment  Breeds and keepers are integral part of eco- systems
  • 4. Livestock Systems People BreedsVegetation
  • 5. Indian livestock keepers  Conserve breeds  Maintain eco-systems  Livestock keepers: Guardians of biological diversity (FAO, 2010)
  • 6. Advantages of pastoralist breeds  Independent of external inputs (feed, vet. medicine)  Drought resistant and easy to manage  Utilize local vegetation and have no carbon footprint
  • 7. Ability to roam far from water resources prevents overgrazing
  • 8. Access to remote areas food security
  • 9. Food products with health benefits
  • 10.  Lack of awareness about the benefits of local breeds, TK and local systems  Pastoralists continue to have a bad reputation as destroyers of the environment in many (policy making) circles.  Linkages between breeds and livestock keeping communities often remains invisible to outsiders.  Governments give preference/provide funds to ex-situ conservation. Problems
  • 11. Questions :  How do we change perceptions among policy makers, bureaucrats and even livestock keepers that local breeds and associated traditional knowledge are valuable assets?  How do we counter threats such as shrinking grazing lands, disintegration of traditional institutions and knowledge, lack of respect by outsiders?  How can pastoralists claim their stake and fight for their assets?
  • 12. A new tool: Biocultural Community Protocols  Backed by the Nagoya Protocol of the UN-Convention on Biological Diversity  Tool for claiming status as „indigenous or local community….“  Biocultural Protocols document the role of a community in conserving animal genetic resources and eco-systems, contribute to visibility and awareness
  • 13. What are BCPs? •The idea is that a community itself documents its resources, role in biodiversity conservation, and customary practices in its own words •NGOs are only expected to facilitate and back-stop, not drive the process. •Legal education and awareness of rights is an important part •BCPs are both a product and a process that MUST remain community-owned.
  • 14. Raika of Rajasthan (India)
  • 15. Banni Maldhari of Gujarat (India)
  • 16. Bargur Hill Cattle Breeders (Lingayat) of Tamil Nadu (India)
  • 17. Samburu and the Red Maasai Sheep Samburu Herders Kenya
  • 18. Pashtoon Pastoralists of Pakistan
  • 19. Jaisalmer Camel Breeders
  • 20. Process and Lessons learnt  The process is not easy, is time- consuming, and requires much hand- holding.  BCPs are an extremely valuable visibility tool and contribute to empowerment  BCPs can be expected to be very valuable, as and when the Nagoya Protocol will be implemented with respect to Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

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