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Distributed Digital PreservationA common playground for publishers and librariesSistema bibliotecario d’Ateneo
Library Mission How this function has been performed in the past? Is always to give access to knowledge and preserving their collections VIDEO At present time and for the future Libraries have existed for millennia have accompanied mankind in times of growth and splendor as well as in times of crisis.
Library Mission• PLAYING AN IMPORTANT ROLE: LEGAL DEPOSIT Library of Congress National Libraries Library of Alexandria Vatican Library VIDEO• SEEKING TO BUILD A COLLECTION PRESERVING VAST CULTURAL HERITAGE Europeana Internet Archive• IN ITALY “Magazzini digitali” HAS THE SAME PROGRAM
How can we preserve for the future? Technology has so changed our world that most of what we now create begins life in a digital format The artifacts that tell the stories of our lives reside on personalIMMAGINE computers or web sites, in emails or on digital photo and film cards Risk of loss should motivate preservation IMMAGINE
Backups versus Digital Preservation Why do we differentiate backups from digital preservation program? “disaster recovery strategies and backup systems are NOT sufficient to ensure survival and access to authenticIMMAGINE digital resources over time. A backup is short-term data recovery solution following loss or corruption and is fundamentally different to an electronic preservation archive” Joint Information Systems Committee - 2006 Backing up data is NOT a comprehensive solution to the problem of preserving information over time
Backups versus Digital Preservation What are the goals of thinking hundred’s of years ahead? Digital preservation:IMMAGINE Today’s sholarly content… secured for tomorrow A true digital preservation program will require multi-institutional collaboration at international and national level It also requires the creation and maintenance of preservation policies that guide long-term curation of digital collections Finally, some significant investment is needed, too
Digital Preservation Initiatives Scholarly publishing Portico (http://www.portico.org) CLOCKSSIMMAGINE (http://www.clockss.org) LOCKSS Global Network (http://www.lockss.org) Italian Private LOCKSS Network (pilot phase) CILEA Consortium LOCAL Hosting Magazzini Digitali (Digital Stacks: Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale Firenze and Fondazione Rinascimento Digitale) Preservation of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)
CLOCKSS Four Unique Benefits 12 Archive node Not for profit joint venture between the world’s leading worldwide distributed scholarly publishers and research libraries whose mission is to build a sustainable, geographically IMMAGINE 70+ Publishers, distributed dark archive with which to ensure the long- with more than 7.500 term survival of web-based scholarly publications committed titles Independent and governed by a Board of Directors 160+ Libraries with equal representation for publishers and libraries; all participating institutions appoint one representative in the Advisory Council Free, open access to ‘triggered’ content: content no longer available from any publisher is available for free. Low libraries and publishers participation fees: costs are low so everyone can participate.
CLOCKSS - Distributed Digital Preservation (DDP) CLOCKSS is a dark archive founded by the world’s leading publishers and libraries to keep archiving in the hands of the communityAsia/PacificAustralia: ANUChina: University of Hong KongJapan: NIIEurope VIDEOGermany: Humboldt UniversityUK: University of EdinburghItaly: Università Cattolica del Sacro CuoreNorth AmericaCanada: University of AlbertaUnited States: Indiana University, Rice University, Stanford University, University of Virginia, OCLC http://www.clockss.org/clockss/How_CLOCKSS_Works
CLOCKSS – Decentralized preservation Libraries preserving content around the globe Re-enforcing social value as memory organizations Insuring against geo-social and geo-physical risksIMMAGINE
CLOCKSS – Italian Alliance Since 2010, Università Cattolica has been responsible for the Italian CLOCKSS Libraries Publishers archive node European University Institute (EUI) Casalini Libri Università Cattolica is promoting and Istituto Nazionale Geofisica e Vulcanologia Fabrizio Serra sustaining CLOCKSS (INGV) cooperation with CILEA Consortium for libraries Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi CLUEB and Casalini Libri for Sociali (LUISS) publishers. Politecnico di Milano CADMO edizioni Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Università di Bergamo Università di Brescia Università di Ferrara Università di Milano Università di Verona Università Federico II di Napoli
CLOCKSS – Triggered content available for free Trigger events include Publisher no longer in Business. Publisher is no longer in business or is no longer in the business of publishing content or providing access to previously published content and there are noIMMAGINE successor interests or reversions or transfers or rights Title no longer offered. Publisher has stopped publishing and is no longer providing access to the content and there are no successor interests or reversion or transfer of rights. Back issues no longer available. Publisher has stopped offering or providing access to some or all of the back issues of the content and there are no successor interests or reversion or transfer of rights. Catastrophic failure. While still publishing content, Publisher is not able to provide access to the content electronically due to the technical or similar catastrophic and permanet failure.
CLOCKSS – Triggered content examples Archives of Family Medicine The American Medical Association (AMA) discontinued publication of Archives of Family Medicine in January 2012. The CLOCKSS Board voted to release the content from thehttp://www.clockss.org/ CLOCKSS Archive, and make the Archives of Familyclockss/Triggered_Content Medicine volumes available for free to all. http://www.clockss.org/clockss/Molecular_Interventions?format=lockss Molecular Interventions The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics discontinued its journal Molecular Interventions in 2011. Auto/Biography When SAGE Publications announced it was discontinuing Auto/Biography, CLOCKSS experienced its second trigger event, and the CLOCKSS Board voted to release the content from the Archive, and made the Auto/Biography volumes available for free to all.
CLOCKSS – Participating Publishers The annual contribution below covers e-journals, e-books, and any other materials you’d like to archive.IMMAGINE Total Publishing Revenue Annual Contribution Total Publishing Revenue Annual Under $250,000 $200 $250,000 – 500,000 $400 $500,000 –1 million $1,000 $1 – 5 million $2,000 $5 – 10 million $4,000 $10 – 50 million $9,000 $50 – 200 million $15,000 Over $200 million $25,000
A final word from one of our sponsors…“Let us save what remains: not by vaults and locks which fencethem from the public eye and use in consigning them to thewaste of time, but by such a multiplication of copies, as shallplace them beyond the reach of accident.”(Thomas Jefferson, February 18, 1791)