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Free PowerPoint BackgroundsAn Overview of Olympic HistoryLegacy of the 1996Centennial OlympicsGames
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsToday’s Focus• Olympic Summary• Evolution of the Games• The Munich Games – 1972• Impact of the ...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsOlympic Summary – Size & Scale• Equivalent of:– 5 Super Bowls every day for 17 days– 80,000 per...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds• Pagan religious festival started by theGreeks in Olympia to honor Zeus in 776BC• Held every 4...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThe Modern Olympics• Founded by Frenchman BaronPierre de Coubertin• Held in 1896 in Athens, Gre...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1896 Olympic Games• Cycling• Fencing• Gymnastics• Shooting• Swimming• Tennis• Weightlifting• Wr...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsParis - 1900• Olympics held as part of World Exhibition• Women allowed into Olympics for the fi...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1904 – St. Louis• First Olympics held outside of Europe• Organized as part of the World’s Fair•...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1908 – London• Originally scheduled for Rome• Lasted 187 Days• First Olympics with dedicated St...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1912– Stockholm• Japan becomes first Asian country toparticipate• Electronic timing introduced•...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1914 & 1918Olympics CancelledWorld War I
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1920 – Antwerp• Olympic flag flown for the first time• Rings symbolize five continentswhich com...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1924 – Paris• Games held in Paris to honorretiring de Coubertin• Winter Olympics introducedin 1...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1928 – Amsterdam• Olympic flame lit for the first time in 1928• Amsterdam games ban women from ...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1932– Los Angeles• Depression games• First games to have an Olympic village• Three tiered podiu...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1936– Berlin• Nazi party rises to power in Germany• Third Reich use games to promote itsideolog...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1940 & 1944Olympics CancelledWorld War II
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds• Mexico City – 1968– First Olympics in Latin America; 3rd World– Controversies involving athle...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsMunich, Germany - 1972
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds• Games return to Germany, now adivided country - East and West– Munich, West Germany hosted• M...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsSeptember 5, 1972• Terrorist storm Israeli apartments in athletesvillage• Two members of team i...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThe Aftermath• Israel withdrew delegation• Memorial held the next day for victims– No Arab repr...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsLake Placid, New York - 1980
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1979• Three Mile Island nuclear accident• Soviet Union invades Afghanistan• Iranians seize Amer...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThe Miracle on Ice• US men’s hockey team beats powerfulRussian team in semi finals– Beats Finla...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsMoscow, Russia - 1980
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsUS leads Olympic boycott of 62NationsMarks the Only time in OlympicHistory the United States ha...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThe Centennial Games - 1996
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsAtlanta Olympic Bid/Announcement• Planning began in 1987• Long odds - 50 years since bid city w...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsSize / Scope• July 19th – August 4th, 1996• President Bill Clinton declared games open• Record ...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsNotable Performances
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsKerri Strug – Women’s Gymnastics
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsCarl Lewis wins 4th Consecutive Long Jump
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsLindsay Davenport and Andre Agassi, Tennis
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsMichael Johnson, Athletics
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsAmy van Dyken, Swimming
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsControversies / Challenges• Transportation issues• Technology glitches• Centennial Park bombing...
Free PowerPoint Backgrounds• Urban renewal downtown• Centennial Park - $2.2 billion infrastructure– GA Aquarium– World of ...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsGoing Forward• 2016 Olympics will be held in Rio deJaneiro, brazil• Host city for 2020 games to...
Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThank you for your AttentionIdorenyin Uyoeuyoe2020@gmail.comFacebook: Idy UyoeTwitter: @uyoelive
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A Very Basic History of the Olympic Games

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This is a a brief history of the Olympic games, with an emphasis on the Olympics that made the most impact during the series. These include the 1972, 1980 (both Winter and Summer) and 1996 Olympiads respectively.

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Transcript of "A Very Basic History of the Olympic Games"

  1. 1. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsAn Overview of Olympic HistoryLegacy of the 1996Centennial OlympicsGames
  2. 2. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsToday’s Focus• Olympic Summary• Evolution of the Games• The Munich Games – 1972• Impact of the Cold War - 1980• Legacy of the Centennial Games - 1996
  3. 3. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsOlympic Summary – Size & Scale• Equivalent of:– 5 Super Bowls every day for 17 days– 80,000 person corporation• Absolute start and stop date – No flexibility• 14,000 athletes (Olympics and Paralympics)• Over 4.7 billion viewers watched the Beijing Games (2008)• 26 sports• 302 events• 205 nations
  4. 4. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds• Pagan religious festival started by theGreeks in Olympia to honor Zeus in 776BC• Held every 4 years• Lasted just 1 day• Consisted of 1 event; the 200 yard run• More events added later• Men only competed; Women banned• Roman emperor Theodosius I bannedgames in 393 ADThe Ancient Olympics
  5. 5. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThe Modern Olympics• Founded by Frenchman BaronPierre de Coubertin• Held in 1896 in Athens, Greece• Participation– 14 Countries– 241 Athletes– 43 Events• First Olympic gold medal wonby Harvard’s James Connelly
  6. 6. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1896 Olympic Games• Cycling• Fencing• Gymnastics• Shooting• Swimming• Tennis• Weightlifting• Wrestling
  7. 7. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsParis - 1900• Olympics held as part of World Exhibition• Women allowed into Olympics for the firsttime; golf, tennis and croquet• No real Olympic venues• Athletes not told they were in the Olympics• Athletes given cups, trophies or paintings.Thought to be more valuable
  8. 8. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1904 – St. Louis• First Olympics held outside of Europe• Organized as part of the World’s Fair• Chicago won Olympic bid; Forced tomove games to St. Louis to avoidconflict– Held as part of Louisiana purchaseexposition• De Coubertin boycotts games• Adolf Busch (Budweiser) quarteredGerman athletes
  9. 9. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1908 – London• Originally scheduled for Rome• Lasted 187 Days• First Olympics with dedicated Stadium• First Olympics with parade of nations• First summer games to include wintersports• US Flag dipping controversy• Marathon distance changed toaccommodate King Edward VII
  10. 10. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1912– Stockholm• Japan becomes first Asian country toparticipate• Electronic timing introduced• PA System used for the first time• Last Olympics to issue solid gold medals towinners• Literature, painting, sculpting and music addedto Olympic program• George S. Patton finishes 5th in modernpentathlon• First Olympics to be organized within 2 months
  11. 11. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1914 & 1918Olympics CancelledWorld War I
  12. 12. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1920 – Antwerp• Olympic flag flown for the first time• Rings symbolize five continentswhich complete• Colors of Olympic rings are foundin every flag in the world• Ice hockey made its debut• Germany, other “war losers” notinvited
  13. 13. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1924 – Paris• Games held in Paris to honorretiring de Coubertin• Winter Olympics introducedin 1924• Germany still not invited
  14. 14. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1928 – Amsterdam• Olympic flame lit for the first time in 1928• Amsterdam games ban women from runningdistances longer than 200 meters; last 32years• Coca Cola sold at Olympics for first time• Germany returns to Olympics• First to bear moniker “Summer” Olympicgames• General Douglas MacArthur oversaw U.S.team as President of the American OlympicCommittee
  15. 15. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1932– Los Angeles• Depression games• First games to have an Olympic village• Three tiered podium introduced• Brazilian team’s creativity– 69 athletes set sail from Brazil to LA– Each given 50,000 sacks of coffee to sell atports along the way– Only 24 members sold enough coffee toleave the ship. The other athletes had toreturn home to Brazil• First Olympics to turn a profit - $150,000
  16. 16. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1936– Berlin• Nazi party rises to power in Germany• Third Reich use games to promote itsideology• Nuremberg laws passed• American team threatens boycott– Avery Brundage vs. Judge Jerry Maloney• First live sports televised – 134 programhours• Torch relay started• Jesse Owens wins 4 gold medals• Basketball makes its Olympic debut
  17. 17. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1940 & 1944Olympics CancelledWorld War II
  18. 18. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds• Mexico City – 1968– First Olympics in Latin America; 3rd World– Controversies involving athletes– Overshadowed performance of Bob Beamonand George Foreman• Montreal 1976– Canada hosts for the the first time– Only time host nation doesn’t win gold– Poor financial planning– African countries boycott because of NewZealand rugby tour
  19. 19. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsMunich, Germany - 1972
  20. 20. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds• Games return to Germany, now adivided country - East and West– Munich, West Germany hosted• Major rebranding initiative byGermans– Billed as “the happy games”• Minimal security presence
  21. 21. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsSeptember 5, 1972• Terrorist storm Israeli apartments in athletesvillage• Two members of team immediately killed; 9 takenhostage• Terrorist demand release of Palestinians jailed inIsrael• Negotiations fail; Demand passage to airport• Unprepared West German police botch rescue atairport• Terrorists kill hostages
  22. 22. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThe Aftermath• Israel withdrew delegation• Memorial held the next day for victims– No Arab representation– Flags not flown at half mast• Overshadowed performance of Mark Spitz– 7 gold medals, 7 world records– Asked to leave Munich immediately for ownsafety• Olympic security now a paramilitaryoperation handled by the CentralGovernment
  23. 23. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsLake Placid, New York - 1980
  24. 24. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds1979• Three Mile Island nuclear accident• Soviet Union invades Afghanistan• Iranians seize American hostages• Operation Eagle Claw Failure• Nation’s morale is very low
  25. 25. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThe Miracle on Ice• US men’s hockey team beats powerfulRussian team in semi finals– Beats Finland to win gold in finals• Restored national pride• Considered the biggest achievement in USsporting history, according to ESPN poll• Overshadowed the performance of speedskater Eric Heiden– 5 Gold Medals– 4 Olympic records– 1 World record
  26. 26. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsMoscow, Russia - 1980
  27. 27. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsUS leads Olympic boycott of 62NationsMarks the Only time in OlympicHistory the United States hasFailed to send a Team to theOlympic Games
  28. 28. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThe Centennial Games - 1996
  29. 29. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsAtlanta Olympic Bid/Announcement• Planning began in 1987• Long odds - 50 years since bid city won in itsdebut• Atlanta as a city had limited global recognition• Two wins – Had to defeat USOC and IOC BidCities– Minneapolis and San Francisco were runner up US Cities• Announcement made September 18, 1990– Atlanta to host XXVI Olympiad• Beat heavily favored Greece in final round ofvoting• Mascot was Izzy
  30. 30. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsSize / Scope• July 19th – August 4th, 1996• President Bill Clinton declared games open• Record 197 countries• 10, 322 athletes• 79 countries won medals• 59 won gold• New sports included:– Women’s soccer– Softball– Mountain Biking– Beach Volleyball• First Olympics to post results online
  31. 31. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsNotable Performances
  32. 32. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsKerri Strug – Women’s Gymnastics
  33. 33. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsCarl Lewis wins 4th Consecutive Long Jump
  34. 34. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsLindsay Davenport and Andre Agassi, Tennis
  35. 35. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsMichael Johnson, Athletics
  36. 36. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsAmy van Dyken, Swimming
  37. 37. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsControversies / Challenges• Transportation issues• Technology glitches• Centennial Park bombing• Sponsorship model criticized• IOC President moderates praisefor Atlanta during closingremarks• Atlanta organizing officials failedto tap into federal funding
  38. 38. Free PowerPoint Backgrounds• Urban renewal downtown• Centennial Park - $2.2 billion infrastructure– GA Aquarium– World of Coca Cola Museum• University housing• Sporting structures– Turner Field– GA International Horse Park in Conyers– GA Tech Aquatic Center• Major events– The men’s and women’s final four– Super Bowl– Conferences and eventsGames Legacy - Atlanta
  39. 39. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsGoing Forward• 2016 Olympics will be held in Rio deJaneiro, brazil• Host city for 2020 games to be announcedin September– Madrid, Tokyo and Istanbul are finalist• USOC sent bids to 50 US cities, includingAtlanta, towards 2024 Games• The United States a virtual lock for the2024 games• $6 billion and counting – The IOC keepsrolling
  40. 40. Free PowerPoint BackgroundsThank you for your AttentionIdorenyin Uyoeuyoe2020@gmail.comFacebook: Idy UyoeTwitter: @uyoelive
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