The Degrees of Comparison in Englishgrammar are made with the Adjective andAdverb words to show how: big or small high or low more or less many or fewof the qualities, numbers and positions of thenouns (persons, things and places) incomparison to the others mentioned in theother part of a sentence or expression.
Degree Of Comparison Positive Superlative Degree Comparative DegreeDegree of Parallel Equality DegreeDegree of ProgressiveInequality Degree
Positive No compareDegree General sense tallEx:Tom is a tall boy Eifel tower is a tall man-made structure. One noun-person with one quality – ‘tall’ adjective in positive form
Degree of Equality The adjective or adverb is in positive form showing that two persons or things are the same – two nouns having the same quality. The common conjunction used is “as … as”. The pattern : S + to be + as + adj/adv + as + …Ex :Two cats with the same height and weight, but different colour.The brown cat is as beautiful as the grey cat John is as strong as James.
Degree ofInequality The adjective or adverb is in positive form showing that two persons or things are not the same – two nouns not having the same quality. The common conjunction used is “not” + “so(as) … as”.The pattern : S + to be + not + so(as) + adj/adv + as + … Peter is not as (so) fast as Paul. The brown cat is not as beautiful as the black and white cat
The adjective word which The adjective or adverb Comparativeshows the difference of Degree takes „r‟ or „er‟ to itsquality between two groups positive form, and is saidof persons, animals or things to be in comparative form.is said to be in the The conjunction „than‟ is used to connect the two“Comparative Degree”. clauses. The pattern : S + to be + adj/adv + er + than + …A horse can run faster than a dog.
Other examples:Today is hotter than yesterdayBill runs faster than BobThis exercise is easier than the last oneAndi works harder than his brother The pattern : S + to be + more + adj/adv + than + … This red dress is more comfortable than the white This year‟s exhibit is more impressive than the last year‟s He visits his family more frequently than she does
Parallel Two adjectives or adverbs are beingDegree compared to show that one continues to increase/decrease when the other increases/decreases. The adjective or adverb is in its comparative form with the definite article „the‟ before it. The steeper the hill, the more difficult it is to push the rock up!
The quality or quantity of the adjective or adverb continues to Progressive increase (or decrease) as the time Degree passes. The adjective or adverb in its comparative form is repeated using the conjunction „and‟. The days are getting hotter and hotter. It is getting hotter and hotter day by day.
Comparing one noun – person, thing or place – with several others of its kind to show that this particular Superlative noun has the highest degree of the quality or quantity Degree of the adjective or adverb being used to compare. The adjective or adverb takes the „superlative form‟, ending with „st‟ or „est‟, with the definite article „the‟ before it. The preposition „of‟ is used when the comparison is among items, and „in‟ is used to specify the place, position or area. S + to be + the + adj/adv + est The elephant is the largest of all land animals.
The giraffe is the tallestof all animals. S + to be + the most + adj/adv Susan is the most intelligent girl in the class.