P carbono acre-vcs workshop_12_jun13

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This is one of the presentations at the 1st day of "Technical Exchange on Jurisdictional REDD". See more at: http://www.idesam.org.br/technical-exchange-on-jurisdictional-redd-presentations/

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P carbono acre-vcs workshop_12_jun13

  1. 1. 732.793 inhabitants 164.221 km2 87 % forest cover 47 % as Protected Natural Areas State of Acre
  2. 2. Sustainable Development Strategy Provision of Environmental Services Economic development Environment Improvement the quality of Life of the Acrean Population
  3. 3. Lei Nº 2.308 de 22 de outubro de 2010 State System of Incentives for Environmental Services
  4. 4. National Strategy Acre - Subnational Strategy Institute of Climate Change Company of Environmental Services Development CCTMA CFE CDRFS CEVA OMBUDSMAN SCIENTIFFIC COMMITTEE WORKING GROUPS PROGRAM A Sub-program A Sub-program B Sub-program A INVESTORS PROVIDERS P - A P - B P - BP - A P - BP - A Institutional Framework
  5. 5. Nested Aproach Project A Project B Project C Project n Project A Project B Project C Project n Project A Project B Project C Project n Project A Project B Project C Project n It is a jurisdictional subnational program: Needs to predict their future integration into a national strategy
  6. 6. Assumptions to define the Baseline 1. The objective: to reduce emissions from deforestation, forest degradation and sustainable management of natural resources; 2. Jurisdictional program ≠ large scale project, 3. It is subnacional: needs to be integrated in the national strategy 4. Knowledge: historic of deforestation, national and state biomass stimative, forest degradation and removals are not available (yet); 5. Drive of deforestation = demand for agriculture and cattle, while of forest degradation = demand for wood: we can use two baselines for each activity; 6. We can implement the program in phases;
  7. 7. Historical baseline: Parameter: deforestation Fonte: IPAM, 2012 182 Mt CO2 202 Mt CO2 ✔
  8. 8. Salimon Biomassa= 123 ton/ha Baccini Biomassa = 131 ton/ha 130 TC/ha ✔ Historical baseline: Parameter: biomass
  9. 9. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Desmtamento(km2) Desmatamento (km2) Desmatamento (km2) Acre Reference Level Fonte: INPE (2012) 1st Phase 2nd Phase
  10. 10. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Desmtamento(km2) Desmatamento (km2) Desmatamento reduzido (km2) Linha de base jurisdicional para o primeiro período de creditação (2006-2010) First Phase: Early actions (2006 – 2010) • Investments starting before this period • Official Data of deforestation from PRODES/INPE are processed to avoid clouds: continuous series of data = more observation by year • Fractals model to spatialize the baseline • Biomass by pixel
  11. 11. Second Phase: From the Programa was cerated by law (2011 – 2020) Official Data of deforestation from PRODES/INPE Minimum area mapped: 6 ha Historical data: 1996 – 2005 Projected to 2020 Carbon stock: 123 tons/ha (131 ton/ha) Emission factor: 367 tCO2e/ha Federal approach
  12. 12. Leakage Brasil: Amazonas e Rondônia Peru: Ucayali e Madre de Dios Bolívia: Pando Mapeamento dos desmatamentos ocorridos nos anos de 1988, 1994, 2000, 2005 e 2010
  13. 13. THINKING beyond the canopy Nested System of Monitoring Foto:DiegoGurgel National State Project - Climate Change National Plan - Targets at national level: PPCD – AM - INPE regular database – Resolution = 6,25 ha - Targets at state level: PPCD – AC - UCEGEO’s database– Resolution = 0,54 ha - INPE regular database – Resolution = 6,25 ha - Targets at Project level - UCEGEO’s databse – Resolution = 4 and 2.5 m - Laser – LiDar - Aerial photograph – Pixel 25 cm - Field data
  14. 14. Using REDD+SES in Acre State The SISA and its programs such as IES Carbon Program, are instruments to achieve sustainable development REDD+ SES: • instrument to report and communicate the impacts and results of the SISA • Instrument to monitoring the Brazilian safeguards and the principles of the Law of SISA. • bring the main points to pay attention regarding to safeguards and needs for regulation • instrument of the Councils and the Commission for Monitoring and Validation to develop their work
  15. 15. Benefit Sharing
  16. 16. Final Considerations • Focus on jurisdictional program versus project perspective: change the model of economic development (versus conservation policy) – Economic growth with human development and conservation of natural resources – Value the forest through the consolidation of forest based economy – REDD+ is one more instrument inside of a broader state policy for sustainable development • The technical aspects, institutional and legal framework of a jurisdictional REDD+ program need to address these challenges. • Next steps: – Finish the pre-assessment regarding to the VCS jurisdictional requirements (TUV SUD) – Validation of the program through the VCS jurisdictional requirements (TUV SUD, IPAM, IMC, LUDOVINO LOPES AND FGV) – Still planning: work on leakage and risk assessment – Procedures for nested projects
  17. 17. Alianzas… Solutions for environment and development Soluciones para el ambiente y desarrollo

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