L pedroni, ecuador and peru

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This is one of the presentations at the 2nd day of "Technical Exchange on Jurisdictional REDD". See more at: http://www.idesam.org.br/technical-exchange-on-jurisdictional-redd-presentations/

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L pedroni, ecuador and peru

  1. 1. VCS-JNR: Lessons learned and suggestions Lucio Pedroni Baselines and Monitoring: Experience from Ecuador and Peru Lucio Pedroni - lpedroni@carbondecisions.com C A R B O N D E C I S I O N S I N T E R N A T I O N A L South-South Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+ (JNR) Exchange Workshop Manaus (Brasil), 13-15 June, 2013®
  2. 2. A consulting firm specialized in the development of forest carbon assets and forest management. C A R B O N D E C I S I O N S I N T E R N A T I O N A L® ARR IFM REDD+ CDM CCBS VCS JNR Argentina Brazil Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador Ghana Guatemala Guyana Honduras Indonesia Madagascar Mexico Nicaragua Peru Senegal Tanzania Indonesia
  3. 3. EcuadorEcuador • REL and MRV are being developed at the national level under the leadership of the Ministry of Environment (MAE). • Envisioned national approach to REDD+ is similar to VCS-JNR Scenario 3. • National REDD+ program started implementation in 2009 (with “Programa Socio-Bosque”). • Intention to apply consistent national methodologies for MRV and REL. • Interest in bilateral agreements for performance payments.
  4. 4. Ecuador MRV: • Activity data: – Three national land cover maps (1990, 2000, 2008): 3 points in time, but 1990 is more than 10 years behind. – Some areas with clouds and shadows (“unknown areas” are not categorized as “forest” or “no-forest” and are excluded form accounting). – Scope: “deforestation” (REDD+). – Plan to measure deforestation wall-to-wall every 2nd year, starting in 2014. • Carbon stocks: – National inventory almost completed.
  5. 5. National Forest Evaluation: plots measured in forest land
  6. 6. Paso 4. Creación de un Mapa de Densidades de Carbono (MDC) National Forest Evaluation: plots measured in no-forest land
  7. 7. Ecuador REL: • A national methodology based on VCS–JNR (and VM0015) has been developed and will be submitted to independent review. • Scope: only deforestation for the period 2009-2014. More activities (degradation, enhancement) may be included in the second period (2015-2020). • Reference activity data for the period 2009-2014: – Average area deforested between 2000–2008. – Calculated separately for 14 AHDPs (“Areas of Homogeneous Deforestation Processes”).
  8. 8. AHDPs • Criteria: - Agents and drivers; - Land-use; - Availability of unused non-forest land; - Level of historical deforestation. • AHDPs are not jurisdictions. Pilot REL developed for AHDP-1
  9. 9. REL: • Projected activity data adjusted according to VCS-JNR requirements: – Natural disturbances (> 1,000 ha, return frequency > 10 years). – Large infrastructure projects (> 1,000 ha) – Large-scale commercial projects (if > 10% of historical deforestation projection is not spatially explicit). • Unplanned deforestation and planned deforestation (large infrastructure projects) is spatially projected (30x30 m resolution) using a modeling tool (Dinamica Ego). • The national REL is disaggregated at the levels of Canton, Province and AHD. Ecuador
  10. 10. REL: • Emission factors: – Carbon stock of forests from field measurements (> 600 plots of the National Forest Evaluation). – Carbon stocks of post-deforestation land uses: default values from IPCC tables and (very soon) from field measurements. Calculated as the area-weighted average of land-uses established on areas deforested between 1990- 2000 (one average value per AHDP). – Conservative adjustments of the estimated average carbon stocks to account for uncertainty (according to VCS-JNR requirements). – Default carbon stock decrease functions according to VCS- AFOLU (for carbon pools that are not emitted immediately). – Default carbon stock increase functions according to VM0015 (for post-deforestation land uses). Ecuador
  11. 11. Peru • RELs are being established at the sub-national level: - Madre de Dios (8.52 Mha) - San Martin (5.16 Mha) - Selva Central (10.36 Mha) - Cusco (6.60 Mha) • Peru will most likely adopt a an approach similar to VCS- JNR scenario 2. • National government currently working on carbon stock map and historical deforestation data. • REDD+ initiatives are mostly civil society lead initiatives. • San Martin is probably the most advanced sub-national JNR initiative.
  12. 12. San Martin (Peru): • Since 2010 proponents of nested projects and the regional government are working together (MINAM observing) to develop and register a REL (VCS- JNR Scenario 1). • REL now developed following VCS-JNR (methodology similar to the one described for Ecuador). • Challenges: - High % of “unknown areas”. - Data (carbon stocks, activity data) and methodologies still not available at the national level. - National endorsement or non-objection.
  13. 13. Common Challenges (related to MRV and RELs) 1. Institutional capacities. 2. Slow decision-making at the political level. 3. Choosing a “VCS-JNR Scenario” (1, 2 or 3). 4. Defining and adopting MRV and REL methodologies. 5. Generation of new and/or use of existing information on carbon stocks and activity data. 6. Complying with many international requirements (IPCC, UNFCCC, bilateral and multilateral processes and agreements, VCS-JNR, Safeguards). 7. Demands of the civil society and indigenous organizations. 8. Long-term adoption at the political and institutional levels.
  14. 14. Opportunities (related to MRV and RELs) 1. Durban´s stepwise approach: start working with existing data and methodologies, using conservative approaches (instead of looking for the perfect data and methodologies and delaying the process). 2. Testing VCS-JNR requirements and adjust the jurisdictional plans and the VCS-JNR requirements as needed. 3. Test VCS-JNR requirements in the context of bilateral and multilateral initiatives in order to align key international REDD+ players on methodological approaches and basic rules for JNR.
  15. 15. 4. Contribute to the development of user-friendly methodologies, protocols and tools.
  16. 16. CARBON DECISIONS INTERNATIONAL Aligning interests of local people, governments and investors to protect and restore tropical forest landscapes www.carbondecisions.com Thank you for your attention! ®

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