Introduction to vcs jnr (south south jnr workshop, manaus) 13 jun 13 for dist


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This is one of the presentations at the 1st day of "Technical Exchange on Jurisdictional REDD". See more at:

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Introduction to vcs jnr (south south jnr workshop, manaus) 13 jun 13 for dist

  1. 1. Introduction to Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+ (JNR) South-South Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+ (JNR) Exchange Workshop Manaus, Brazil 13 June 2013 Naomi Swickard, VCSA13 Jun 2013
  2. 2. Outline • VCS Overview • Need for Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+ (JNR) • Development of VCS JNR Framework • JNR Overview • Piloting the JNR
  3. 3. The Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) • Established by leading NGOs (IETA, WBCSD, The Climate Group, WEF) to provide a rigorous, trustworthy and innovative global standard and validation and verification program for GHG offsets. • Managed by the VCS Association:  Non-profit headquartered in Washington, DC, South America office in Santiago, Chile, representatives in Brazil, Bangkok and Beijing  Single focus – to develop and manage the platform (i.e., no consulting, no meth development, no validation/verification, no project development)  Funded through VCU levy (USD $0.10 per VCU) and foundation grants • AFOLU Steering Committee largely credited with bringing land- based activities into the carbon market
  4. 4. VCS Project Statistics • Registered projects (data from 31 April 13) • ~1,000 registered projects (70+ AFOLU projects) • Registered AFOLU projects in Indonesia (11), Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, India, Colombia, Guatemala, Belize, Peru, Brazil, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Australia, Canada, US and more • Volumes • Over 120 million VCUs issued (8.8 million+ from AFOLU) • AFOLU pooled buffer account holds nearly 3 million buffer credits • AFOLU Methodologies • ~ 15 AFOLU methodologies approved for REDD, IFM, WRC, ALM, under development in ACoGS
  5. 5. Scaling up from project to jurisdiction-wide approaches Providing new guidance for robust REDD+ accounting at multiple scales 1. Need for Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+
  6. 6. Problematic Situation • Uncertainty of future international REDD+ climate policy exacerbated by a lack of confidence in how REDD+ accounting can work effectively under market and/or results-based mechanisms • Lack of guidance on how a government can robustly and transparently account for and verify emission reductions/removals generated throughout a jurisdiction • Gap between REDD+ project activities and REDD+ policies and programs directed by governments. No guidelines as to how the two levels can be effectively integrated
  7. 7. Why Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+? • Increases scale and ensures alignment between national/ subnational:  Sub-national and national accounting ensures environmental integrity, full leakage accounting, and ensures emission reductions ‘add up’ across the entire jurisdiction  Can drive REDD+ through policy, program and project incentives  Increases emissions reduction potential, with potential for harmonized market and public funding streams.  Ensures fungibility of credits across sectors and scales – majority of international REDD+ projects are already using VCS • Builds on sub-national and project experience and provides pathway for recognition of ‘early action’ • Recognizes site-specific mitigation action and directs benefits accordingly • May increase funding availability for REDD+ implementation
  8. 8. VCS Jurisdictional & Nested REDD+ (JNR) • JNR provides a robust framework for accounting of jurisdictional REDD+ emissions and reductions  Allows for significant flexibility to facilitate use by a variety of jurisdictions; allowing customization while maintaining robust accounting  Enables rewarding/crediting of REDD+ programs at multiple levels (project, state/province and national)  First global framework for rewarding/crediting jurisdictional REDD+ programs  Where appropriate, creates a pathway for projects to “nest” within larger scale jurisdictional programs (both sub-national and national)
  9. 9. 2. Development of VCS JNR
  10. 10. JNR Process  Q1 2011: Advisory (AC) and Technical Expert (TE) Committees convened  Oct 2011: Technical Recommendations released  Nov-Jan 2012: Review by AC, TE and Peer group, and revision of recommendations  Feb 2012: Updated Technical Recommendations released, based on peer review and other input  Mar-May 2012: Additional input from AC, TE and pilot jurisdictions and organizations (including Acre, Amazonas, DRC, Laos, Peru; NGOs CI, TNC, FFI; GIZ and WB), VCS requirements drafted  May 2012: Draft VCS requirements issued for public consultation  June-Aug 2012: Revisions based on public consultation, AFOLU Steering Committee review, Final revisions  Oct 2012: Release of final requirements  2013 Second Phase: Piloting  Generously funded by CLUA
  11. 11. JNR Advisory Committee  Linda Adams, Climate Action Reserve Chair, USA  Dr. Girma Amente, Director General, Oromia Forest and Wildlife Enterprise, Ethiopia  Benoit Bosquet and Ken Andrasko, Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF)  Alejandro Callejas Linares, Deputy Environment Secretary, Chiapas, Mexico  Marco Chiu, Undersecretary of Climate Change, Ministry of Environment, Ecuador  Mariano Colini Cenamo, Executive Director, Institute for Conservation and Sustainable Development of Amazonas (IDESAM), Brazil  Dr. Mark Dangerfield, Technical Director, GreenCollar Climate Solutions, Australia  Christian Del Valle, Director - Environmental Markets & Forestry, BNP Paribas, UK  Joanna Durbin, Director, Climate, Community & Biodiversity Alliance, USA  Adam Diamant, Senior Project Manager, Global Climate Change Program, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), USA  José Carlos Fernandez, Head of International Affairs and Financial Development Unit, National Forestry Commission, Mexico  Greg Fishbein, Managing Director, Forest Carbon, The Nature Conservancy, USA
  12. 12. JNR Advisory Committee, continued  Andrea García-Guerrero, Chief of Climate Change Mitigation Group, Ministry of Environment, Colombia  Tobias Garritt, Advisory Board Member, Papua Low Carbon Development Task Force & CEO, Emerald Planet, Indonesia  Nicolas Grondard, Project Officer, ONF International, France  Bruno Guay, Technical Advisor, National REDD Coordination of the DRC, UNDP /United Nations REDD program (UN-REDD), Democratic Republic of the Congo  Jeffrey Hayward, Director, Climate Program, Rainforest Alliance, USA  Rezal Kusumaatmadja, Partner, Starling Resources, Indonesia  Monica Julissa De Los Rios, Commissioned Charge at the Institute of Regulation, Control and Registration, Acre State Government, Brazil  Ludovino Lopes, Partner, Ludovino Lopes Lawyers, Brazil  Dr. Lucio Pedroni, President and Chief Executive Officer, Carbon Decisions International, Costa Rica  Lucia Ruiz, Executive Director, CIMA Cordillera Azul, Peru  Dr. D. Andrew Wardell, Programme Director, Forests and Governance, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Indonesia
  13. 13. JNR Technical Committee • Technical Leaders  Dr. Timothy Pearson, Program Officer II, Ecosystem Services, Winrock International  Dr. Steven De Gryze, Managing Director, Carbon Analytics, Terra Global Capital, LLC  Manuel Estrada, Independent Consultant  Adam Gibbon, Technical Specialist, Climate Program, Rainforest Alliance • Technical Experts  William Garrett, Principal Consultant, Camco  Dil Raj Khanal, Policy Facilitator, The Federation of Community Forestry Users, Nepal  Dr. Ruben Lubowski, Senior Economist, Environmental Defense Fund  Dr. Marcelo Rocha, Founder and Partner, Fabrica Ethica Brasil - Sustainability Consultancy  Zoe Ryan, Forest Carbon Specialist, Fauna & Flora International  David Shoch, M.F., Director of Forestry and Technical Services, TerraCarbon LLC  Joanna Silver, Vice President, Environmental Market Product Design & Development, Markit Group Limited  Dr. Gordon Smith, Carbon Development Director, Wildlife Works Carbon LLC  Georgina Varley, Manager, Macquarie Global Investments, Macquarie Bank  Dr. Sarah Walker, Program Officer II, REDD+ Specialist, Winrock International January 23 2013
  14. 14. Scenarios Jurisdictional Accounting Framework Comparison to Other Efforts 3. JNR Overview
  15. 15. JNR Scenarios
  16. 16. JNR Framework • Based on IPCC and best practice • Requirements cover technical issues such as:  Defining boundaries (geographic and program boundaries)  Developing and nesting baselines (inc. scope, pools, additionality, updating)  ‘Grandparenting’ (providing time for projects and lower-level jurisdictions to transition into national/sub-national programs)  Leakage  Monitoring  Payments/Crediting (inc. timing, preventing double counting)  Reversals and natural disturbance (inc. crediting implications in nesting) • Requirements also cover other issues such as:  Legal issues (right of use)  Safeguards  Approvals (eg, by higher jurisdictional levels)
  17. 17. Accessing Multiple Sources of Finance • Attract new public and private finance to support REDD+ at multiple scales • Potential to access multiple sources of public and private financing and sources of demand, using a harmonized accounting system:  Emerging compliance markets (eg, CA)  Potential recognition by bilateral and multilateral pay for performance initiatives – Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), Japanese Bilateral Offset Crediting Mechanism, etc.  Access to private financing, public-private partnerships, emerging private funds  Link to other non- carbon revenues
  18. 18. Current pilots and expected outcomes Forthcoming VCS documents and tools 4. Piloting the JNR
  19. 19. JNR Piloting • Provide support to interested pilot jurisdictions in Latin America, Africa and Asia • Funding from Norway and GIZ to pilot in Acre and Amazonas, Brazil; Costa Rica (national); DRC (subnational); Peru (subnational), additional pilots in Chile (national), Laos (subnational); many more in initial or exploratory phases • Process: • Gap assessment (detailed) and feasibility • Based on above, work plan will be developed to guide implementation of REDD+ program in line with JNR • Goal of registration of baseline, and in some cases REDD+ program including verification and issuance of credits (depending on needs) • Will continue engaging on demand side with a number of emerging pre-compliance and compliance markets
  20. 20. Anticipated Piloting Outcomes • Improve “readiness” of countries to participate in a UNFCCC REDD+ results-based framework. • Better understand the potential technical and capacity gaps for carbon accounting. • Identify and harmonize common pathways between pilots. • Generate lessons learned to improve the JNR Requirements and inform a future UNFCCC framework. • Build confidence in REDD+ for policy makers, donors and investors.
  21. 21. Additional JNR documentation forthcoming • The following additional VCS documents, templates and tools are still under development:  Registration and Issuance process  Validation/verification process for jurisdictional programs  Jurisdictional Program Description (JPD)  Jurisdictional representations  Tools:  Jurisdictional non-permanence risk tool  Jurisdictional leakage tool • Tools are being developed by working groups • Timeline: Release additional documents and tools for public consultation in 2013 • Future work: Guidance document, based on lessons learned from pilot activities, and revisions/updates to JNR Requirements
  22. 22. Thank you…Questions? Naomi Swickard AFOLU Manager VCS Association