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Amazonas jnr workshop

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This is one of the presentations at the 2nd day of "Technical Exchange on Jurisdictional REDD". See more at: http://www.idesam.org.br/technical-exchange-on-jurisdictional-redd-presentations/

This is one of the presentations at the 2nd day of "Technical Exchange on Jurisdictional REDD". See more at: http://www.idesam.org.br/technical-exchange-on-jurisdictional-redd-presentations/

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    Amazonas jnr workshop Amazonas jnr workshop Presentation Transcript

    • The Amazonas State REDD+ System: a nested approach proposal for the Amazon Supported by: Developed by:
    • A Nested Approach for REDD+ in the Amazon A proposal from the Brazilian GCF States (Acre, Amazonas, Pará, Mato Grosso and Tocantins)
    • Verified Deforestation 1996-2012 (km2) Baseline NPCC 2006-2020 (km2) Reductions Targets NPCC 2006-2020 (km2) 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 0 30000 Years Deforestation(Km2) 3.544.438.206 tCO2 (2006 – 2012) NPCC: Baseline and targets for REDD+ in the Amazon (2006-2020) 9.274.214.738 tCO2
    • How to share REDD+ across the Amazon ?
    • Key issues for consideration  The amazon region has different government policies, land rights, stakeholders, drivers and agents of deforestation… “one size does not fits all”  Amazon states have autonomy and are moving towards implementation of their REDD+ programs  It is necessary to avoid double counting between projects, jurisdictions and national programs  Maximize funding opportunities from different sources: domestic, international, public and private, market and non market based mechanisms…
    • A National REDD+ Commission should define: Project A Project B Project C 20%80% Monitoring and Fiscalization Sustainable Activities Increase agriculture efficiency Sustainable Forest Management Federal Government 4% 24% 2% 3% 27% 27% 9% 3% 1% Alocation UREDD - 2006/2020 Acre Amazonas Amapá Maranhão Mato Grosso Pará Rondônia Roraima Tocantins X% of UREDDs for Markets Y% of UREDDs retail for domestic and performance based payments Amazon Fund 1, 854 GtCO2 9.274.214.738 tCO2 UREDD (2006 - 2020) 7,419 GtCO2
    • ForestC Stocks (km2) ForestC Stocks (%) Reduced Deforestatioin (km2) Reduced Deforestation in relation to Reduced deforestation of Brazilian Amazon (%) CREDD(%) Acre 132.048,00 3,9% 203,52 3,8% 3,8% Amazonas 1.459.969,00 43,1% 81,82 1,5% 22,3% Amapá 117.188,00 3,5% - 7,29 -0,1% 1,7% Maranhão 92.997,00 2,7% 290,93 5,4% 4,1% Mato Grosso 338.066,00 10,0% 3.324,13 61,9% 36,0% Pará 911.664,00 26,9% 656,81 12,2% 19,6% Rondônia 141.566,00 4,2% 726,32 13,5% 8,9% Roraima 161.202,00 4,8% 9,64 0,2% 2,5% Tocantins 31.008,00 0,9% 82,56 1,5% 1,2% TOTAL 3.385.708,00 100% 5.368,44 100% 100% 2006 (historical deforestation rate) – (verified deforestation) by 2006 (Source: PRODES) UREDD Reduced deforestation by Brazilian Amazon States, in relation to reduced deforestation of Brazilian Amazon (%) U-REDD: Allocation by Brazilian Amazon State, based in a stock-flow mechanism, considering the share of 50% to flow and 50% to stocks Fontes: Cattaneo. A, 2009 ; OSIRIS, 2009 ; BANTER, 2010. Forestry Area(km2) by 2006 (Brazilian Amazon) (Source: BANTER) Forest Carbon Stocks by State in relation to Brazilian Amazon forest carbon stocks (%)
    • Alocations for Amazon GCF States (2010 – 2020) 4% 24% 2% 3% 27% 27% 9% 3% 1% UREDD allocations - 2010/2020 Acre Amazonas Amapá Maranhão Mato Grosso Pará Rondônia Roraima Tocantins 297.724.820 tCO2 1.792.669.833 tCO2 92.147.269 tCO2 2.153.669.960 tCO2 1.959.488.986 tCO2 73.425.938 tCO2 Fonte: Idesam 2012
    • U-REDD AM (2006 - 2020) State Government (29%) 24% = 1.792.669.833 t CO2 Buffer (UREDD geradas entre 2006 – 2009) – 297.205.286 tCO2 Call for projects (30%) Municipal Governments (10%) Independent REDD+ projects Environmental Management Monitoring and fiscalization State Protected Areas (14%) Rural Settlements (15%) Indigenous Lands (16%)
    • U-REDD AM (2006 - 2020) State Government (29%) 24% = 1.786.671.218 t CO2 Buffer (UREDD geradas entre 2006 – 2009) – 297.205.286 tCO2 Call for projects (30%) Municipal Governments (10%) Independent REDD+ projects Environmental Management Monitoring and Fiscalization State Protected Areas (14%) • Historical Deforestation Rates (flow): Allocation to consolidated deforestation frontier • Forest Carbon Stocks (stock): Balanced distribution to non- threatened areas • Future Deforestation Risk Map: Allocation to future deforestation frontiers Rural Settlements (15%) Indigenous Lands (16%)
    • State Protected Area (RDS Rio Madeira) Forestry Area: 226.273 ha Historical rate of deforestation: 251 ha/year Projected deforestation: 16.548 ha (2011 – 2020) Rural Settlement (PA Juma) Forestry Area: 608.680 ha Historical rate of deforestation: 6.884 ha/year Projected deforestation: 145.923 ha (2011 - 2020) IL Médio Rio Negro Forestry Area: 989.277 ha Historical rate of deforestation: 226 ha/year Projected deforestation: 12.138 ha (2011 – 2020)
    • I.L. Médio Rio Negro Step 1. Carbon Stocks (30%): I.L Médio Rio Negro: 989.277,34 hectares of forests Amazonas State: 123.560.872 hectares of forests I.L. Médio Rio Negro has 0,8% of Amazonas´s forest carbon stocks Step 2. Historical deforestation (30%): I.L. Médio Rio Negro: 226 ha/year Amazonas State: 81.030 ha/year I.L. Médio Rio Negro represents 0,28% of Amazonas´s historical deforestation
    • Step 4. Consolidation Allocation to I.L. Médio Rio Negro: (0,30* 0,008) + (0,30*0,0028) + (0,40*0,0025) = 0,42% of Amazonas allocation 6.373.439 tCO2 Step 3. Projected deforestation (40%): I.L. Médio Rio Negro: 12.138 ha of deforestation (2010-2020) Amazonas State: 4.850.800 of deforestation (2010-2020) I.L. Médio Rio Negro represents 0,25% of Amazonas´s projected deforestation I.L. Médio Rio Negro
    • SDR RIO MADEIRA Step 1: Carbon Stocks (30%) SDR Rio Madeira: 226.273 hectares of forests Amazonas State: 123.560.872 hectares of forests SDR Madeira has 0,18% of Amazonas´s forest carbon stocks Step 2: Historical deforestation (30%) SDR Rio Madeira: 251,62 ha/year Amazonas State: 81.030 ha/year SDR Madeira represents 0,31% of Amazonas´s historical deforestation rates
    • Step 4: Consolidation Allocation to SDR Madeira: (0,30*0,0018) + (0,30*0,0031) + (0,40* 0,0034) = 0,28% Amazonas allocation 4.199.955 tCO2 Step 3: Projected deforestation (40%) SDR Madeira: 16.548 hectares (2010-2020) Amazonas State: 4.850.800 hectares (2010-2020) SDR Madeira represents 0,34% of Amazonas´s projected deforestation RDS RIO MADEIRA
    • Step 1: Carbon stocks (30%) PA Juma: 608.680 hectares of forests Amazonas State: 123.560.872 hectares of forests Apuí has 0,49% of Amazonas´s forest carbon stocks Rural Settlement of Apuí – PA Juma Step 3: Projected deforestation (40%) Apuí: 145.923 hectares (2010-2020) Amazonas State: 4.850.800 hectares (2010-2020) Apuí represents 3,01% of Amazonas´s projected deforestation Step 2: Historical deforestation (30%) Apuí: 6.884 ha/year Amazonas State: 81.030 ha/year Apuí represents 8,5% of Amazonas´s historical deforestation rate
    • Step 4: Consolidation (0,30*0,0049)+(0,30*0,085)+(0,40*0,03) = 3,9% of Amazonas allocation 60.147.532,92 t CO2 Rural settlement of Apuí – PA Juma
    • U-REDD Allocation (2010-2020) I.L. Médio Rio Negro: 6.373.939 t CO2 SDR Rio Madeira: 4.199.955 t CO2 Rural Settlement of Apuí: 60.147.532 t CO2
    • Questions and lessons learned  Preliminary baselines + targets are an important step for early moving, but should be flexible for future changes  Subnational is important to channel funds for readiness and jurisdictional programatic activities  Should be efficient, transparent and multi-stakeholder  Amazon, SISA Company, FAS  Target: reducing deforestation and improving livelihoods  What is the best implementation arrangement?  Importance of learning lessons with pilots
    • Obrigado!!!