Restoring Landscapes – Governing place
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Restoring Landscapes – Governing place

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Presentation by Cora van Oosten of CDI for the Yale conference (2012) on Strategies for landscape scale restoration in the tropics.

Presentation by Cora van Oosten of CDI for the Yale conference (2012) on Strategies for landscape scale restoration in the tropics.

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  • 1. Restoring landscapes - governing placeScaling up - Applying lessons learnedCora van OostenWageningen Centre for Development Innovation (CDI)Wageningen Forest & Nature Conservation Policy Group (FNP)
  • 2. W(Frank Newbould, World War II. Copied from Simon Schama’s Landscape & memory)
  • 3. Disconnection between nature and people Natural disaster Human intervention ● Demographic change ● Agricultural production ● Direct foreign investment ● Urbanization ● Mobility ● Unsustainable behaviour
  • 4. WRI-GPFLR, 2010
  • 5. WRI-GPFLR, 2010
  • 6. WRI-GPFLR, 2010
  • 7. Can this destructive process be reversed? Great potential for restoration at landscape scale (app. two billion hectares, WRI, 2011) ‘Ideas transform landscapes...’ A world of opportunity
  • 8. Why don’t we do this on a global scale?  Transfer of technology Policy  Transfer of capital Replica Replica Replica Replica Replica Replica  Empowerment of people? Pilot experience
  • 9. What we have learned... Landscapes are complex spatial units... Cultural, historic or aesthetic sceneries (Wikipedia) Heterogeneous land forms and land uses (Urban, 1987) Pieced together to a landscape-level patchwork (Guilmour, 2008) Crossroad of ecological, economic and social networks, across levels and scales (Görg, 207) Despite globalization, place matters (Massey, 2005) Sense of belonging, collective identity (Taylor, 2008) Strengthened through dialogue, stories, symbols (Turnhout, 2011) Collaborative learning & action (Wenger, 2005, Wals, 2010)
  • 10. Landscapes as multi-scale networks
  • 11. What we have also learned... Landscapes are complex governance units Multiple stakeholders, multiple interests Conflicting interests, competing claims Negotiated decision-making Across administrative & political scales Few institutions/governance arrangements at landscape level Though place matters, scale decides (Swyngedouw, 1997)
  • 12. Scaling Governance Bio-geographical Relational scale scale scale Community Family District Kin/peer Province Society Country Region Trans- society World Free after: WUR IP/OP Scaling in Governance, 2009
  • 13. Spatialization of governance Reconnecting politics to place Reconnecting citizenship to place Environmental citizenship No re-scaling of governance ‘Politics of scale’ (Görg, 2007)
  • 14. Landscape governance – politics of scale  Multiple scale networks, rooted in place  Arena for negotiation, conflict mediation and dialogue  Beyond formal governance structures  Institutions & arrangements across boundaries and scales  Landscape learning
  • 15. Two ways to “scale up” Policy Replica Replica Replica Replica Replica Replica Pilot experience Scale up – trickle down Multiple-scale networks‘What happens when policy hits the ground?’ ‘When practice shapes policy’
  • 16. Example: Southwest Amazonia
  • 17. What we have learned... Diverging interests, shared identity, common concern Collaborative learning, collective action, ‘making place’ Landscape institutions & governance arrangements across boundaries and scales Ability to respond to new economic opportunities Technology/capital transfer through collaborative learning Restoration as a result
  • 18. Scaling up – applying lessons learned  Invest in pilot projects Policy  Technological transfer  Capital investment Replica Replica Replica Replica  Scaling up Replica Replica  Trickling down Pilot experience
  • 19. Linking and learning: a network approach Find examples of landscape governance in practice Strengthen landscape institutions, build capacities, foster inclusive decision making, trigger collective action Create conditions for sustainable investments Identify critical factors of success, and build upon Intra- and inter-landscape learning
  • 20. GPFLR learning networkIntra- and inter landscape learning
  • 21.