Learning in networks by Cora van Oosten


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Presentation by Cora van Oosten on the complexity of landscapes. The presentation deals with landscape governance and networks.

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Learning in networks by Cora van Oosten

  1. 1. Learning Landscapes (Bali, May 2009)
  2. 2. Reading landscapes
  3. 3. Reading landscapes
  4. 4. Reading landscapes
  5. 5. Reading landscapes
  6. 6. Reading landscapes
  7. 7. Reading landscapes
  8. 8. Taking a landscape...
  9. 9. Which are the options? High value Rich Well forested timber biodiversity catchment Subsistence farm land Ancestral homeland Grazing land Attractive scenery, tourism Commercial farm land Human settlement Biofuel Sub-soil production richness
  10. 10. Which are the drivers behind? Migratio District n policy Local food demand Foreign investment Local Market prices Land pressure Local power relations Land Decentralisatio grabbing n Tourism development Land tenure regime Emancipation of minorities
  11. 11. Multi-level and multi-scale Landscape Giller et al, 2008
  12. 12. Governance of landscapes Governance unit Governance structure Municipality Municipal government/council District District government/council Country National government/parliament Landscape ????
  13. 13. Landscapes as complex systems: n Not easy to understand n Cannot be controlled or planned n But can be influenced
  14. 14. Complex landscapes Complex Complicated Chaotic Simple Source: Cynefin Framework, Cognitive Edge (www.cognitive-edge.com)
  15. 15. Simple Results are Recipe predictable Instructions Rules/regulations Complicated Results are more Puzzle or less predictable Problem trees Logical frameworks Guidelines Complex Results are Scenarios unpredictable and dialogue future is uncertain Adaptive management Learning
  16. 16. Social learning at the scale of landscapes “Rules & regulations” Planning intervention logic Influence the landscape/ restoration “Dialogue & social learning” Relations and network logic
  17. 17. Social learning at the scale of landscapes n Working across administrative boundaries n Dealing with uncertainties n Need for multi-stakeholder dialogue n Enhancing co-creation and innovation n Adaptive management n Constant learning n Learning in networks
  18. 18. Living in a network society Everybody is member of a network Most likely more than one
  19. 19. Living in a network society Everybody is member of a network Most likely more than one Networks enhanced through: §Face-to-face communication §Telephone §internet
  20. 20. Networks It is said that through networks, you are no further than six networks away from anybody in the world
  21. 21. Networks Networks are connected through its members
  22. 22. Networks: different scales and different levels Individual network Local or regional networks Global networks
  23. 23. About networks n One (or more) shared interest by all members of the network n Networks may be consciously established and formal, or unconsciously created and informal n Different networks can be connected through one or more actors participating in more than one network
  24. 24. Networks
  25. 25. Networks across spaces and scales “Me in my green – local landscape” pink - national blue – international Source: Ashish Shah, Kenya
  26. 26. About networks n Networks for communication n Networks for capacity development n Networks for governance n Networks for policy making n Networks for innovation n Networks for learning
  27. 27. Learning in networks
  28. 28. Conditions for the well-functioning of networks n Members share a collective interest n members should suppress their wish to dominate the process n Shared leadership n members should not wait for instructions, but be pro-active and contribute voluntarily n Members should respect each other since all contributions are valuable n All members are responsible for the outcome n Sense of collective learning being more important than individual gain
  29. 29. GPFLR Learning Network GPFLR
  30. 30. GPFLR learning network n Generic GPFLR website: http://www.ideastransformlandscapes.org n FLR Learning platform: http://learning.gpflr.webfactional.com
  31. 31. How are we going to organise ourselves?
  32. 32. How are we going to organise ourselves? § What are we going to DO? § How are we going to learn? § What are we going to learn (learning priorities? § How do we shape the learning network? § Which will be our learning sites § Who is responsible for the overall learning process?