Creating A New Resource:The Five Kingdoms of Nature       Energy Services                    Ashok Khosla                 ...
Resource                 Gross Potential             AchievedWind                            45000 MW                     ...
Resource                        Gross Potential             AchievedWind                                   45000 MW       ...
Zero Emission Research &Initiatives (ZERI)     A Case Study from ColombiaDevelopment Alternatives
ColombiaDevelopment Alternatives
The Savannah in Vichada
trees along rivers only
Water is abundant 3 months per year           but the pH low
Trees donot grow in soil with  Low pH Development Alternatives
population                            suffers                              from                             gastro-       ...
Drinking Water                             Carbon Sink                              BiodiversitySavannah                  ...
Carbon Sink            Drinking Water      Sustainable Livelihood    Creation of Tropical Forest    regeneration of biodiv...
HOW     ?Development Alternatives
First selectthe tree speciesCaribbean Pine not dominant water friendlyDevelopment Alternatives
Second search forsymbiosis with mycorrhizal    fungi  Pisolithus tinctorius Development Alternatives
Third   createtree nursery drenching  trees in   fungus Pisolithus tinctorius           +    Pinus caribbea  Development A...
Fourth   prepare  treelingfor harsh life    in the  savannah cutting the roots short   cutting the tops off   only survivo...
Fifth   Design  planting   system  1,000 HAthree months   one tree every 2      seconds  Development Alternatives
Fifth   mono-  culture generatesbiodiversity       creation   of a humus cap birds, bees and windcreate the link with the ...
Development Alternatives   Humus Cap Reduces pH
Sixth  forestbecomes an economic  enginethriving on diversity  tapping the trees      for resin  Development Alternatives
Sixth  forestbecomes an economic  enginethriving on diversity  tapping the trees      for resin Development Alternatives
Forest                              Producing                            Colofonia resin                                 S...
Seven create  value addedand jobsDevelopment Alternatives
Eight diverse  forestgenerates drinking  water  Drinking Water    Production    10 percent    increase in   precipitation ...
13 cu m (tonnes) ofpure drinking water added for each ha,    Development Alternatives      each day
Gaviotas water crystal by Dr. Masaru EmotoDevelopment Alternatives
Development Alternatives
Development Alternatives
if you sell 1 cu m of water per day     or 1,000 one-litre bottles    at the same price as Bislerithen you secure the fina...
if you plant 1,100 trees on one HA  you have to remove 500 trees       between Y6 and Y10          this providesAbout 200,...
if you plant 100 palm trees per HAthen you start generating biodiesel          after 36 months,      1 tonne per ha per ye...
Development Alternatives
Development Alternatives
self-                           sufficient in                           water, food,                               and    ...
community generates          1 job every 4 HA     of regenerated rainforest   Fixing up to 18 tons of CO2/HA for a total o...
Development Alternatives   Las Gaviotas
RenewablesDevelopment Alternatives
Development Alternatives   Solar
IndigenousDevelopment Alternatives
savannah to forest   generates carbon sink        factor 16 in 5 yearsforest created with fungus   increases precipitation...
Development Alternatives
Development Alternatives
creation                            of the                           republicDevelopment Alternatives                     ...
over the past 21 years            there has been               no combat             no kidnapping           no denunciati...
Development Alternatives
6,300,000 Hectares         from the  Government of Colombia   Plus Thousands More       from the Army        largest carbo...
Project Summary                    Gaviotas I                 Gaviotas IIYears of Reforestation               1992-2004   ...
Investment CostUS$ 1,000/HA planting and         8 million US$               6.6 bn US$      maintenance       Funding    ...
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Creating A New Resource: The Five Kingdoms of Nature

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Presentation by Ashok Koshla on Zero Emission Research & Initiatives (ZERI). A case study from Colombia

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Creating A New Resource: The Five Kingdoms of Nature

  1. 1. Creating A New Resource:The Five Kingdoms of Nature Energy Services Ashok Khosla Amsterdam 20 April 2006
  2. 2. Resource Gross Potential AchievedWind 45000 MW 1628MWSolar thermal 35 MW/sq km -Solar photovoltaic 22 MW/sq km 2.24 MWBiomass 3500 MW 381 MWSmall Hydro 15000 MW 1663 MW Development Alternatives
  3. 3. Resource Gross Potential AchievedWind 45000 MW 1628MWSolar thermal 35 MW/sq km -Solar photovoltaic 22 MW/sq km 2.24 MWBiomass 3500 MW 381 MWSmall Hydro 15000 MW 1663 MW Development Alternatives
  4. 4. Zero Emission Research &Initiatives (ZERI) A Case Study from ColombiaDevelopment Alternatives
  5. 5. ColombiaDevelopment Alternatives
  6. 6. The Savannah in Vichada
  7. 7. trees along rivers only
  8. 8. Water is abundant 3 months per year but the pH low
  9. 9. Trees donot grow in soil with Low pH Development Alternatives
  10. 10. population suffers from gastro- intestinal diseases and soil considered BAD population only 1 per 4 km 2 no industry no agricultureDevelopment Alternatives
  11. 11. Drinking Water Carbon Sink BiodiversitySavannah Tropical Forest Biodiesel Sustainable Development Alternatives Communities
  12. 12. Carbon Sink Drinking Water Sustainable Livelihood Creation of Tropical Forest regeneration of biodiversity Production of Biodiesel ...... and so much moreeach Program separately would cost big money as an integrated sytem it can sustain itselfDevelopment Alternatives
  13. 13. HOW ?Development Alternatives
  14. 14. First selectthe tree speciesCaribbean Pine not dominant water friendlyDevelopment Alternatives
  15. 15. Second search forsymbiosis with mycorrhizal fungi Pisolithus tinctorius Development Alternatives
  16. 16. Third createtree nursery drenching trees in fungus Pisolithus tinctorius + Pinus caribbea Development Alternatives
  17. 17. Fourth prepare treelingfor harsh life in the savannah cutting the roots short cutting the tops off only survivors are planted in the forest 92% survival rate Development Alternatives
  18. 18. Fifth Design planting system 1,000 HAthree months one tree every 2 seconds Development Alternatives
  19. 19. Fifth mono- culture generatesbiodiversity creation of a humus cap birds, bees and windcreate the link with the other forests Development Alternatives
  20. 20. Development Alternatives Humus Cap Reduces pH
  21. 21. Sixth forestbecomes an economic enginethriving on diversity tapping the trees for resin Development Alternatives
  22. 22. Sixth forestbecomes an economic enginethriving on diversity tapping the trees for resin Development Alternatives
  23. 23. Forest Producing Colofonia resin Seven create Factory valueProcessingColofonia added Development Alternatives and jobs
  24. 24. Seven create value addedand jobsDevelopment Alternatives
  25. 25. Eight diverse forestgenerates drinking water Drinking Water Production 10 percent increase in precipitation Development Alternatives
  26. 26. 13 cu m (tonnes) ofpure drinking water added for each ha, Development Alternatives each day
  27. 27. Gaviotas water crystal by Dr. Masaru EmotoDevelopment Alternatives
  28. 28. Development Alternatives
  29. 29. Development Alternatives
  30. 30. if you sell 1 cu m of water per day or 1,000 one-litre bottles at the same price as Bislerithen you secure the financing of reforestation of 8,000 ha over the next 25 years This is the result of a systems approach to sustainable developmentDevelopment Alternatives
  31. 31. if you plant 1,100 trees on one HA you have to remove 500 trees between Y6 and Y10 this providesAbout 200,000 Tons of wood while securing biodiversity, drinking water, biodiesel and lush forest growth This is the result of a systems approach to sustainable developmentDevelopment Alternatives
  32. 32. if you plant 100 palm trees per HAthen you start generating biodiesel after 36 months, 1 tonne per ha per year!8,000 ha provides 4 million liters of biodiesel per year while securing biodiversity,drinking water, trees for paper and lush forest growth This is the result of a systems approach to sustainable development Development Alternatives
  33. 33. Development Alternatives
  34. 34. Development Alternatives
  35. 35. self- sufficient in water, food, and energy BiodieselDevelopment Alternatives
  36. 36. community generates 1 job every 4 HA of regenerated rainforest Fixing up to 18 tons of CO2/HA for a total of 108 to 162,000 tons per yearbecause you are drinking water from Las Gaviotas? This is the result of a systems approach to sustainable development Development Alternatives
  37. 37. Development Alternatives Las Gaviotas
  38. 38. RenewablesDevelopment Alternatives
  39. 39. Development Alternatives Solar
  40. 40. IndigenousDevelopment Alternatives
  41. 41. savannah to forest generates carbon sink factor 16 in 5 yearsforest created with fungus increases precipitation generates drinking waterforest and water generate jobs and sustainable communities, and more Development Alternatives
  42. 42. Development Alternatives
  43. 43. Development Alternatives
  44. 44. creation of the republicDevelopment Alternatives of music
  45. 45. over the past 21 years there has been no combat no kidnapping no denunciation of human rights violations in and around Las Gaviotas and Marandúa This is the result of a systems approach to sustainable developmentDevelopment Alternatives
  46. 46. Development Alternatives
  47. 47. 6,300,000 Hectares from the Government of Colombia Plus Thousands More from the Army largest carbon sinkconverting savannah into lush Development Alternatives forest
  48. 48. Project Summary Gaviotas I Gaviotas IIYears of Reforestation 1992-2004 2005-2030 Extension 8,000 HA 6,300,000 HA 2.4 million Tons Carbon Sink 25t/year/HA (12 years) 3.9 billion Tons (25 years) trees (14 T/HA), undergrowth and top soil (11 T/HA) 10 million Tons (50 7.8 billion Tons (50 years) years) 1,800 in rural est. 5-10,000,000 in Population communities biocities Full Time Jobs 200 est. 1,000,000 120,000 direct/ 880,000 indirectNatural Drinking Water 110,000 m3/day 60 million m3/day Development Alternatives 50 m3/HA/day
  49. 49. Investment CostUS$ 1,000/HA planting and 8 million US$ 6.6 bn US$ maintenance Funding 25% grant from Japan TBD 250 new species Biodiversity TBD 90% of Amazon origin Colombia, Japan, EU NGO Las Gaviotas Partners Private Companies, Las Japanese Government Gaviotas Agroproduce, wood chips, Colophon / turpentine/ Main Products biodiesel, rubber, water, water carbon sink No mans land, Colombian Las Gaviotas Land Ownership Government, Colombian Community Military, colonists Development Alternatives

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