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LANDSCAPE INITIATIVES AT CIFOR
Prana Dewi, Bali, 14th May 2009

                                    THINKING beyond the ca...
Centre for International Forestry
                Research
• One of 15 CGIAR centres
• Headquarters in Bogor, Indonesia an...
Where are we working??




Presence


           • Places where scientists are based
           • Places where research as...
CIFOR’s [new] purpose

We advance human
wellbeing, environmental
conservation and equity by
conducting research to
inform ...
New 10-year Strategy 2008-2018:
         Six Research ‘Domains’
• Domain 1: Climate change mitigation
• Domain 2: Climate ...
Goal of Domain 4




  “CIFOR’s goal [within this domain] is to shift
  policy and practice toward conservation and
develo...
Research Outputs

• Output 1: Methods for assessing and
  monitoring environmental services at
  landscape level
• Output ...
Why ‘landscapes’?




• Forests support ca. 65% of worlds terrestrial taxa, hence are
important focus for conservation
• T...
Core Challenges




• Large  body of literature on landscape approaches but
little consensus on applicability
• General pr...
Landscape Mosaics Project:
       Objective and expected outputs
•    Integrating Livelihoods and Multiple
     Biodiversi...
Landscape Mosaics sites




  Cameroon   Tanzania   Madagascar   Laos       Indonesia


5 sites (and some partner sites)
 ...
Core challenge: different sites, different
               issues, …




                            THINKING beyond the ca...
Pathways for change?
•   Livelihoods: What kind of socio-economic or environmental changes have
    occurred, and what opp...
Preliminary observations from our sites




• Governance and land use planning remain weak
  especially without project-le...
New project:
    Shifting the Landscape Initiative
• Domain 4 target: Large NGOs and
  Development agencies
• More and mor...
Shifting the Landscape Initiative:
               Two key questions




• How does current scholarship on multi-level soci...
Objectives
• Develop a network of practitioners and sites in order to
  share information and experiences about landscape
...
18
     THINKING beyond the canopy
19
     THINKING beyond the canopy
Outputs




• Operational network of practitioners and sites
• Scientific articles and symposia ant
  international events...
Getting the message out…




                THINKING beyond the canopy
Partners
•   Wageningen Agricultural University
•   IUCN
•   WWF
•   Intercooperation
•   The University of Queensland
•  ...
Thank you!                                                    www.cifor.cgiar.org

  The Center for International Forestry...
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CIFOR Initiative Shifting the landscape

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Presentation by CIFOR on their Landscape initiative. This entails the management of trade-offs between conservation and development at the landscape scale.

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Transcript of "CIFOR Initiative Shifting the landscape"

  1. 1. LANDSCAPE INITIATIVES AT CIFOR Prana Dewi, Bali, 14th May 2009 THINKING beyond the canopy THINKING beyond the canopy
  2. 2. Centre for International Forestry Research • One of 15 CGIAR centres • Headquarters in Bogor, Indonesia and regional offices in Vietnam, Brazil, Cameroon, Burkina Faso and Zambia • Works in more than 30 countries throughout the tropics • 50 research staff and around 250 collaborators in partner organizations, mostly in developing countries • Funding from around 40 governments, foundations & international agencies THINKING beyond the canopy
  3. 3. Where are we working?? Presence • Places where scientists are based • Places where research associates are based THINKING beyond the canopy
  4. 4. CIFOR’s [new] purpose We advance human wellbeing, environmental conservation and equity by conducting research to inform policies and practices that affect forests in developing countries. THINKING beyond the canopy
  5. 5. New 10-year Strategy 2008-2018: Six Research ‘Domains’ • Domain 1: Climate change mitigation • Domain 2: Climate change adaptation • Domain 3: Small-scale/community forestry • Domain 4: Managing the trade-offs between conservation and development at the landscape scale • Domain 5: Trade and investment • Domain 6: Sustainable forest management THINKING beyond the canopy
  6. 6. Goal of Domain 4 “CIFOR’s goal [within this domain] is to shift policy and practice toward conservation and development approaches at the landscape scale that are more effective, efficient and equitable in process and outcome” THINKING beyond the canopy
  7. 7. Research Outputs • Output 1: Methods for assessing and monitoring environmental services at landscape level • Output 2: Optimizing conservation and development values within forest landscapes • Output 3: Improved modalities and approaches to effectively support conservation in forest landscapes THINKING beyond the canopy
  8. 8. Why ‘landscapes’? • Forests support ca. 65% of worlds terrestrial taxa, hence are important focus for conservation • Traditional emphasis has been on protected areas & reserves • However ca. 92% of world’s forests remain OUTSIDE PA’s • Hence considerable biodiversity in commodity and production forests • “Landscape approach” has become increasingly important THINKING beyond the canopy
  9. 9. Core Challenges • Large body of literature on landscape approaches but little consensus on applicability • General principles, guidelines and broad considerations have been largely missing • However, need to avoid “one size fits all” approach • Complex landscapes; complex challenges THINKING beyond the canopy
  10. 10. Landscape Mosaics Project: Objective and expected outputs • Integrating Livelihoods and Multiple Biodiversity Values in Landscape Mosaics  How to measure and prioritize landscape functions and “values” in terms of livelihoods, supply of goods (markets) and services (biodiversity) and governance? Outputs: • Tools: SIMPLE (but holistic) sets of tools/principles: contribution of tree/forest covers to livelihoods, markets and environmental services (biodiversity) at a landscape scale; governance and institutions • Action: Launching/supporting sustainable collaborative planning processes (recommendations on selected LUP) • Tools + action: Action research approach… THINKING beyond the canopy
  11. 11. Landscape Mosaics sites Cameroon Tanzania Madagascar Laos Indonesia 5 sites (and some partner sites) THINKING beyond the canopy
  12. 12. Core challenge: different sites, different issues, … THINKING beyond the canopy
  13. 13. Pathways for change? • Livelihoods: What kind of socio-economic or environmental changes have occurred, and what opportunities and/or threats did these impose? • Governance: How do current governance arrangements at local and district levels they influence the ability to reconcile diverse stakeholder interests as well as livelihoods and biodiversity conservation? • Payments, rewards for ES (including REDD): What, if any, is the potential role for conditional incentives to conserve biodiversity and resolve conflicts between forestry, agroforestry and agricultural land uses? • Landscape patterns and processes: How does the spatial configuration of tree cover contribute to the maintenance of tree diversity and useful and endangered species? What is the effect of accessibility (physical and institutional) on patterns of exploitation and the availability of selected resources? THINKING beyond the canopy
  14. 14. Preliminary observations from our sites • Governance and land use planning remain weak especially without project-led interventions • LUP discussions can benefit from simple collaborative/planning tools (e.g. visioning exercises) • Still few compensations/incentives for conservation, but interest in certification and REDD • Past trends in terms of forest/tree cover: eradication of forest patches, monocultures preferred to agroforests… • How to achieve sustainability when donor driven?? THINKING beyond the canopy
  15. 15. New project: Shifting the Landscape Initiative • Domain 4 target: Large NGOs and Development agencies • More and more “landscape approaches” – e.g. GPFLR… PROFOR, UNFF, etc. • Is it old wine in new bottles? • Let’s try to analyse what works, what doesn’t, and to bring promising tools into a manual (build on guidelines!) THINKING beyond the canopy
  16. 16. Shifting the Landscape Initiative: Two key questions • How does current scholarship on multi-level socio-political ecological systems relate to the discipline of landscape ecology? • How can current scholarship on landscapes be transformed so that it is more relevant for use by practitioners? THINKING beyond the canopy
  17. 17. Objectives • Develop a network of practitioners and sites in order to share information and experiences about landscape approaches and management; • Conduct a systematic review of landscape approaches in order to inform best practice methods for future interventions and form a consensus on the essential principles and practices that underpin landscape approaches; • Find and analyse the linkages between the science and practice of integrated landscape management; and • Foster a dialogue about what the minimum scientific information is required in order to catalyse adaptive landscape management. THINKING beyond the canopy
  18. 18. 18 THINKING beyond the canopy
  19. 19. 19 THINKING beyond the canopy
  20. 20. Outputs • Operational network of practitioners and sites • Scientific articles and symposia ant international events and processes: the identification of research gaps; and, • Meta-tool and manual (and training) for practitioners. THINKING beyond the canopy
  21. 21. Getting the message out… THINKING beyond the canopy
  22. 22. Partners • Wageningen Agricultural University • IUCN • WWF • Intercooperation • The University of Queensland • ICRAF Now we just need funding!!! THINKING beyond the canopy
  23. 23. Thank you! www.cifor.cgiar.org The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is one of the 15 centres supported by the Consultative THINKING beyond the canopy Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) THINKING beyond the canopy
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