Chunking—Plagiarism Revisited in the Information AgePreventing Plagiarism in the Classroom<br />Presented by Ida M. Jones ...
Why talk about plagiarism?<br />2<br />Why talk about cheating and plagiarism? Why is there such a fuss about plagiarism? ...
First Reason:Plagiarism is theft<br />3<br />[Music playing]<br />
Plagiarism is Theft!<br />4<br />The first reason is that plagiarism is stealing!<br />
Plagiarism is Theft!<br />5<br />After all, someone who plagiarizes is getting credit for the sweat and hard work done by ...
Plagiarism is Theft!<br />6<br />The plagiarizer is not putting forth the effort to create or properly paraphrase what he ...
Plagiarism is Theft!<br />7<br />Instead the plagiarizer is jumping on someone else’s back and riding without giving that ...
Second  Reason:Plagiarism Prevents Learning<br />8<br />[Music playing]<br />
Plagiarism Prevents Learning!<br />9<br />How? Well, cheating strikes at the heart of teaching and learning!<br />
Plagiarism Prevents Learning!<br />10<br />If you plagiarize, you’re not doing the work and instead you’re getting credit ...
Plagiarism Prevents Learning!<br />11<br />If you’re not doing the work, then I, as an instructor, can’t do my job—the job...
Third  Reason:Plagiarism violates University Policies and the Law<br />12<br />[Music playing]<br />
Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />13<br />A third reason that stopping cheating and plagiarism is ...
Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />14<br />As explained earlier, plagiarism is a type of stealing. ...
Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />15<br />A copyright is a property ownership right just like owni...
Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />16<br />When one has a copyright, he or she has the right to dec...
Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />17<br />Plagiarism is copying and using a creator’s original and...
Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />18<br />CSUF Policy and Procedures on Cheating and Plagiarism<br...
Fourth  Reason:Plagiarism violates Academic Integrity principles<br />19<br />[Music playing]<br />
Plagiarism Violates Academic Integrity Principles!<br />20<br />A fourth and final reason that stopping cheating and plagi...
Plagiarism Violates Academic Integrity Principles!<br />21<br />In order for a true environment of academic integrity to e...
Plagiarism Violates Academic Integrity Principles!<br />22<br />I, as a faculty member, can only accurately evaluate stude...
Plagiarism Violates Academic Integrity Principles!<br />23<br />And students cannot get the full benefit of education by s...
What is Plagiarism and What is Cyber plagiarism?<br />24<br />Now that you have learned why plagiarism is a problem, let’s...
What is Plagiarism?<br />25<br />“the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author a...
What is plagiarism? Narrator’s version<br />26<br />“taking or using the words, ideas, data, information, writings or inve...
What is Cyber Plagiarism?<br />27<br />Cyber-Plagiarism<br />Copied and pasted from the internet<br />Cyber plagiarism occ...
How do I Avoid Plagiarizing?<br />28<br />We have reviewed the reasons plagiarism is wrong, we’ve looked at the definition...
Avoid Plagiarism<br />29<br />Paraphrase<br />3 word rule<br />Time management<br />3 suggestions for avoiding plagiarism:...
Paraphrase and Cite<br />30<br />Paraphrase<br />Let’s start with the first way to avoid plagiarizing: paraphrase and cite...
Paraphrase<br />31<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Writing a summary of what you read<br />Time management<br />Read...
Paraphrase<br />32<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Explaining what you read<br />To practice pa...
Paraphrase. .. And Cite<br />33<br />“To be, or not to be, that is the question:Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to sufferT...
3-Word Rule-Quotation Marks and Cite<br />34<br />3 word rule<br />Now let’s move on to another way to avoid plagiarizing:...
3-Word Rule-Quotation Marks and Cite<br />35<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />If you borrow more than three words in ...
3-Word Rule<br />36<br />3 word rule<br />“To be, or not to be, that is the question:Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to su...
3-Word Rule-No Chunking<br />37<br />Example of Chunking (30 seconds)<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time managemen...
3-Word Rule<br />38<br />The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People (by Stephen R. Covey (Free Press))<br />3 word rule<b...
Time Management<br />39<br />Time management<br />Now let’s briefly talk about another method of avoiding plagiarizing-tim...
Time Management<br />40<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Plan the work required for your researc...
Time Management<br />41<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Waiting until late  the night before an...
Time Management<br />42<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Planning backwards works  well. When yo...
Avoid Plagiarism<br />43<br />Paraphrase<br />3 word rule<br />Time management<br />Please follow the 3 suggestions: parap...
What are some  costs and consequences of plagiarism?<br />44<br />So far  we’ve talked about why plagiarism is a big deal,...
Costs of Plagiarizing<br />45<br /><ul><li>Lack of preparation for
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2010 Tech Ed Conf Chunking

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Narrated explanation of plagiarism, why reducing it is important in education and the penalties for plagiarism at CSU Fresno

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2010 Tech Ed Conf Chunking

  1. 1. Chunking—Plagiarism Revisited in the Information AgePreventing Plagiarism in the Classroom<br />Presented by Ida M. Jones <br />(co-creator of workshops, Judith C. Scott)<br />California State University, Fresno<br />This is a shortened version of the workshops presented to students at CSU Fresno.<br />Copyright 2006-2010 Ida M. Jones & Judith Scott Please do not copy or use without permission<br />This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.<br />
  2. 2. Why talk about plagiarism?<br />2<br />Why talk about cheating and plagiarism? Why is there such a fuss about plagiarism? There are several reasons.<br />
  3. 3. First Reason:Plagiarism is theft<br />3<br />[Music playing]<br />
  4. 4. Plagiarism is Theft!<br />4<br />The first reason is that plagiarism is stealing!<br />
  5. 5. Plagiarism is Theft!<br />5<br />After all, someone who plagiarizes is getting credit for the sweat and hard work done by another person. <br />
  6. 6. Plagiarism is Theft!<br />6<br />The plagiarizer is not putting forth the effort to create or properly paraphrase what he or she has read.<br />
  7. 7. Plagiarism is Theft!<br />7<br />Instead the plagiarizer is jumping on someone else’s back and riding without giving that person credit.<br />
  8. 8. Second Reason:Plagiarism Prevents Learning<br />8<br />[Music playing]<br />
  9. 9. Plagiarism Prevents Learning!<br />9<br />How? Well, cheating strikes at the heart of teaching and learning!<br />
  10. 10. Plagiarism Prevents Learning!<br />10<br />If you plagiarize, you’re not doing the work and instead you’re getting credit for someone else’s work. <br />
  11. 11. Plagiarism Prevents Learning!<br />11<br />If you’re not doing the work, then I, as an instructor, can’t do my job—the job of educating you as learners so that you acquire the skills and knowledge necessary to be informed, skilled and intelligent citizens of the world.<br />
  12. 12. Third Reason:Plagiarism violates University Policies and the Law<br />12<br />[Music playing]<br />
  13. 13. Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />13<br />A third reason that stopping cheating and plagiarism is such a big deal: Cheating and plagiarism violate universities’ policies and the law. <br />
  14. 14. Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />14<br />As explained earlier, plagiarism is a type of stealing. This is why: when someone writes, draws or creates something in his or her unique way, that person has a copyright on that item.<br />
  15. 15. Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />15<br />A copyright is a property ownership right just like owning a tangible item like a car or bicycle. <br />
  16. 16. Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />16<br />When one has a copyright, he or she has the right to decide who can use the copyrighted material and has the right receive proper credit for having created the material.<br />
  17. 17. Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />17<br />Plagiarism is copying and using a creator’s original and creative work without that person’s permission and without giving that person credit for his or her creation.<br />
  18. 18. Plagiarism Violates University Policies and the Law!<br />18<br />CSUF Policy and Procedures on Cheating and Plagiarism<br />University policies also prohibit cheating and plagiarism. Those policies are based, in part, on the idea that plagiarism violates the law.<br />
  19. 19. Fourth Reason:Plagiarism violates Academic Integrity principles<br />19<br />[Music playing]<br />
  20. 20. Plagiarism Violates Academic Integrity Principles!<br />20<br />A fourth and final reason that stopping cheating and plagiarism is such a big deal: Plagiarism is a violation academic integrity-principles of trust and honesty that are keys to a strong academic environment.<br />
  21. 21. Plagiarism Violates Academic Integrity Principles!<br />21<br />In order for a true environment of academic integrity to exist, each person, faculty and student, must put forth best efforts to accomplish the goals of education.<br />
  22. 22. Plagiarism Violates Academic Integrity Principles!<br />22<br />I, as a faculty member, can only accurately evaluate students’ preparation if students submit their own work, not someone else’s work. <br />
  23. 23. Plagiarism Violates Academic Integrity Principles!<br />23<br />And students cannot get the full benefit of education by submitting only someone else’s work. In sum, plagiarism is theft, prevents learning, violates university policies and the law and violates academic integrity principles. All of these are reasons why there is so much fuss about plagiarism.<br />
  24. 24. What is Plagiarism and What is Cyber plagiarism?<br />24<br />Now that you have learned why plagiarism is a problem, let’s talk the definition of plagiarism and cyber plagiarism.<br />
  25. 25. What is Plagiarism?<br />25<br />“the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work. <br />2.something used and represented in this manner. “http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/plagiarism<br />“the act of taking the writings of another person and passing them off as one’s own. The fraudulence is closely related to forgery and piracy—practices generally in violation of copyright laws.”<br />http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/462640/plagiarism<br />We have two definitions of plagiarism above. According to an online dictionary, and I quote, “the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work or something used and represented in this manner.” The second is from an online encyclopedia, and I quote: “the act of taking the writings of another person and passing them off as one’s own. The fraud is closely related to forgery and piracy—practices generally in violation of copyright laws.” <br />
  26. 26. What is plagiarism? Narrator’s version<br />26<br />“taking or using the words, ideas, data, information, writings or inventions of another and claiming them as one's own” (Jones, 2006)<br />My definition is similar: “taking or using the words, ideas, data, information, writings or inventions of another and claiming them as one's own.” This is a more expansive definition of the types of things that can be plagiarized.<br />
  27. 27. What is Cyber Plagiarism?<br />27<br />Cyber-Plagiarism<br />Copied and pasted from the internet<br />Cyber plagiarism occurs when one “takes or uses the words, ideas, data, information, writings or inventions of another and claims them as their own” by copying and pasting those things from the internet.<br />
  28. 28. How do I Avoid Plagiarizing?<br />28<br />We have reviewed the reasons plagiarism is wrong, we’ve looked at the definitions of plagiarism and cyber plagiarism, and now we’ve come to the most important section: how to avoid plagiarizing.<br />
  29. 29. Avoid Plagiarism<br />29<br />Paraphrase<br />3 word rule<br />Time management<br />3 suggestions for avoiding plagiarism: paraphrase what you’ve read, use the 3 word rule when copying material and use time management techniques. Let’s talk about each of these.<br />
  30. 30. Paraphrase and Cite<br />30<br />Paraphrase<br />Let’s start with the first way to avoid plagiarizing: paraphrase and cite the source.<br />
  31. 31. Paraphrase<br />31<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Writing a summary of what you read<br />Time management<br />Reading<br />How do you paraphrase? You paraphrase by first reading the source, then, while looking away from the source, write a summary of what you’ve read. <br />
  32. 32. Paraphrase<br />32<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Explaining what you read<br />To practice paraphrasing, it helps to imagine that you have “cornered” your best friend and you verbally explain to your friend what you just read. That’s paraphrasing. That means you are writing (or speaking) in your own words.<br />
  33. 33. Paraphrase. .. And Cite<br />33<br />“To be, or not to be, that is the question:Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune . . .”<br />e. g. Hamlet , Act III, Scene I<br />http://www.enotes.com/hamlet-text/act-iii-scene-i#ham-3-1-63<br />In this speech, Hamlet discusses what it means to be a human being and how to make choices. The statements in this passage are quoted by many media sources and are easily recognizable. [paraphrased from: Shakespeare at enotes, http://www.enotes.com/shakespeare-quotes/not-that-question]<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />When you paraphrase, you are summarizing someone else’s ideas. You must still cite the source according to the citation format you are using. Here, on this slide, I’ve taken the first 3 lines of Hamlet’s soliloquy (which is found in Shakespeare’s play titled Hamlet) and summarized another person’s interpretation of the soliloquy. I cited the source of the interpretation and the source of the paraphrase.<br />
  34. 34. 3-Word Rule-Quotation Marks and Cite<br />34<br />3 word rule<br />Now let’s move on to another way to avoid plagiarizing: applying the 3 word rule.<br />
  35. 35. 3-Word Rule-Quotation Marks and Cite<br />35<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />If you borrow more than three words in a row from someone else, put those words in quotation marks and cite the source.<br />Source: http://www.stevendkrause.com/tprw/Chapter%203.pdf<br />Time management<br />To fight plagiarism in general and cyber plagiarism in particular, we recommend the 3 word rule as a rule of thumb. If you borrow more than three words in a row from someone else, put those words in quotation marks and cite the source.<br />
  36. 36. 3-Word Rule<br />36<br />3 word rule<br />“To be, or not to be, that is the question:Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune . . .”<br />e. g. Hamlet , Act III, Scene I<br />http://www.enotes.com/hamlet-text/act-iii-scene-i#ham-3-1-63<br />Paraphrase<br />25 words-use quotation marks<br />Time management<br />The passage from Hamlet that I quoted above is 25 words. Clearly, I need to cite the source of this information and, depending on the citation style, I must either use quotation marks or do a block quote (a quote that is indented appropriately to indicate an exact quote).<br />
  37. 37. 3-Word Rule-No Chunking<br />37<br />Example of Chunking (30 seconds)<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Chunking is taking “chunks” or blocks of words –3 or 4 words from an author and adding a word or two in between. The short video on this slide demonstrates an example of chunking. Chunking isn’t paraphrasing!<br />
  38. 38. 3-Word Rule<br />38<br />The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People (by Stephen R. Covey (Free Press))<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Department of Fair Housing and Employment<br />Of course, you must evaluate the 3 words found in a row. If the 3 words are the name of a book, for example, The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, you do not have to put the title in quotation marks. If the 3 words are the name of an organization, such as the Department of Fair Housing and Employment, then you do not have to put those words in quotation marks.<br />
  39. 39. Time Management<br />39<br />Time management<br />Now let’s briefly talk about another method of avoiding plagiarizing-time management<br />
  40. 40. Time Management<br />40<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Plan the work required for your research project or writing assignment. Don’t wait until the last minute to begin working.<br />
  41. 41. Time Management<br />41<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Waiting until late the night before an assignment is due to begin writing is a disaster waiting to happen. The quality of your work will be affected by the limited time you have available.<br />
  42. 42. Time Management<br />42<br />3 word rule<br />Paraphrase<br />Time management<br />Planning backwards works well. When you are given a research assignment or paper, take out your calendar and begin planning immediately. Start with the due date and work backwards. <br />
  43. 43. Avoid Plagiarism<br />43<br />Paraphrase<br />3 word rule<br />Time management<br />Please follow the 3 suggestions: paraphrase (and cite the source), the 3 word rule, and time management to avoid plagiarizing.<br />
  44. 44. What are some costs and consequences of plagiarism?<br />44<br />So far we’ve talked about why plagiarism is a big deal, what constitutes plagiarizing and how to avoid plagiarizing. Finally, we’ll discuss some costs and consequences of plagiarizing.<br />
  45. 45. Costs of Plagiarizing<br />45<br /><ul><li>Lack of preparation for
  46. 46. Subsequent Courses
  47. 47. Workplace
  48. 48. Informed citizenship</li></ul>The most serious consequence or cost of plagiarizing is lack of preparation for subsequent courses, for the workplace and for participation as an informed citizen of the world.<br />
  49. 49. Penalties for Plagiarizing<br />46<br />For Assignment<br />For Course<br />Expulsion<br />University<br />Program<br />Additional costs are the academic consequences. At CSUF, penalties for plagiarism include a 0 for the assignment, an F for the course, a notation on your student record, expulsion from a program and expulsion from the University (and thus from other CSUs).<br />
  50. 50. Thanks!<br />47<br />Thanks for listening!<br />

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