Biography Of Queen Victoria Queen Victoria's nearly 64-year reign (1837-1901) was the longest in British history. She presided over a period of British industrial progress, artistic successes and political empire-building which became known as the Victorian Era. Victoria was only 18 when she became queen upon the death of her uncle, King William IV. In 1840 she married her first cousin Albert, the German son of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Victoria was shattered by his untimely death at age 42, and she went into a prolonged period of mourning. (She never stopped mourning entirely, wearing black the rest of her life.) Late in the 1860s she re-emerged into public life, and as years passed she became increasingly venerated among her subjects. Victoria celebrated her diamond jubilee -- 60 years on the throne -- in 1897. After her death in 1901 she was succeeded by her son Prince Albert, who became King Edward VII.
Queen Elizabeth II has been the United Kingdom's reigning monarch since 1952. Elizabeth was proclaimed queen on 6 February 1952 following the death of her father, George VI; she was formally crowned the next year, on 2 June 1953. Her husband, Prince Philip, comes from the royal family of Greece and was created Duke of Edinburgh prior to their wedding on 20 November 1947. Elizabeth and Philip had four children: Charles (b. 1948), Anne (b. 1950), Andrew (b. 1960) and Edward (b. 1964); as the eldest, Prince Charles is heir to the throne. Queen Elizabeth is the sister of the late Princess Margaret, daughter of the late Queen Mother, mother-in-law to the late Princess Diana, and grandmother to the princes William and Harry. She also shares a name with a famous predecessor, Queen Elizabeth I. The queen celebrated her Golden Jubilee in 2002, marking 50 years on the throne.
Biography Of Charles Charles Philip Arthur George, the Prince of Wales and heir apparent to the throne, was born in Buckingham Palace on November 14, 1948. Prince Charles takes an active role in many organizations and attends official functions. In 1997, for instance, he represented the Queen at the handover of the former British colony of Hong Kong to Chinese authorities. He is also particularly interested in architecture and is an active sportsman. He attended the rigorous and spartan Gordonstoun School in Scotland, and became the first royal ever to study overseas when he was an exchange student at theGeelong Church of England Grammar School in Melbourne, Australia. He also spent two years at the University of Cambridge.
Biography Of William Prince William is second in line to the British throne, following his father Charles, Prince of Wales. Prince William is the first son of Charles and the late Princess Diana, and the grandson of the current Queen Elizabeth II. Prince William attended Wetherby and Ludgrove schools, followed by Eton College and then the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. His good looks, athletic manner and royal status made him a popular public heartthrob during his teen years. On 22 June 2005 he graduated from St. Andrews, receiving an upper-second class honors degree with a focus in geography. He entered Sandhurst Military Academy in January of 2006 and graduated in December of that year; in January of 2007 he reported for duty in the Blues and Royals regiment of the Household Cavalry, and has continued military service since then. His younger brother, Prince Harry, graduated from Sandhurst and joined the Household Cavalry before him. Prince William began dating Kate Middleton, a fellow student from St. Andrews, in 2003. They broke up briefly in 2007, but reunited the same year. On 16 November 2010, Buckingham Palace announced that the couple were engaged to be married. The Royal Wedding was held on 29 April 2011, a Friday, at Westminster Abbey in London. Queen Elizabeth announced before the wedding that she had bestowed the title of Duke of Cambridge on William, and had also given William and Kate the Scottish titles of Earl and Countess of Strathearn -- possibly a nod to their meeting at St. Andrews.
Biography Of Kate Kate Middleton was born January 9, 1982 in Reading, England. On April 29, 2011, she married Prince William at Westminster Abbey in London. Shortly before the wedding, Queen Elizabeth conferred Kate with the title of Catherine, Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge. Born January 9, 1982, in Reading, Berkshire, England, to pilot Michael and flight attendant Carole Middleton. She has a younger sister, Philippa ("Pippa") and a younger brother, James. Kate came from a decidedly working-class stock of coal miners and builders. Her maternal grandmother, Dorothy Goldsmith, became the first member of the family to attempt to improve the family's social and economic status. Dorothy pushed her children to aim high and, as a result, Kate's mother became an airline hostess—at the time, a considerably glamorous job. It was on this job that Carole met dispatcher Michael Middleton. The couple married soon after. By the time Kate was born, her mother was already looking for new ways to climb the social ladder. In 1987, Kate's mother founded her own mail-order party goods company, with ambitions of sending her children to private schools. The business was a surprise success, eventually making the Middleton family multi-millionaires.