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As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock
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As origens e as raízes do Coaching - Vikki Brock

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  • 1. Origin and Roots of Coaching …the secret history Vikki Brock Ph.D., MCC, EMBA Master Coach pela International Coach Federation - ICF
  • 2. Origin and Roots of Coaching …the secret history Dr. Vikki G. Brock Master Certified Coach 2nd Brazilian Coaching Congress November 14, 2013
  • 3. Agenda What do you know about the history of coaching? How and when did modern coaching emerge? What role did South American coaches play? 3
  • 4. What do you know about the history of coaching? . . . What do you want to know?
  • 5. Origin of The Word “COACH” Ancient Olympics in Greece Socrates 1500s – Carriage 1840s – Oxford University tutor 1880s – Sports coach
  • 6. Historical Observation #1 Coaching sprang from several independent sources and spread through relationships
  • 7. How many influencers in coaching can you name Non-Coaches Coaches
  • 8. EDUCATION Malcolm Knowles BUSINESS Influencers – Other Disciplines PHILOSOPHY Fernando Flores Siddharth a Gautama Martin Heidegger Peter Drucker MOTIVATION Socrates Napoleon Hill Dale Carnegie Edgar Schein Wayne Dyer Ken Blanchard Confucius Lao Tzu Brian Tracy Earl Nightingale Peter Block Zig Zigler Werner Erhard SPORTS John Wooden Red Auerbach Daniel Goleman Don Shula Stephen Covey Tom Peters Peter Senge Ken Wilber
  • 9. Influencers – Psychology PSYCHODYNAMI C PSYCHOLOGY Carl Jung CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY Milton Erickson Abraham Maslow Fritz Perls Carl Rogers Virginia Satir SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Kurt Lewin Alfred Adler NLP COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Albert Ellis ORGANIZATION PSYCHOLOGY David Cooperrider Chris Argyris Richard Bandler Robert Dilts POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Mihaly Csikezentmihalyi Martin Seligman
  • 10. Movements and Organizations Large Group Awareness Training (LGAT) 1970s-1980s Motivational Speakers 1930s-1960s USA National Training Laboratories (NTL) 1947 USA Tavistock 1946 (1921) UK Esalen 1962 USA Organization Development 1950s Humanistic Psychology 1960s Findhorn 1962 UK Transpersonal Psychology 1970s
  • 11. English Speaking Influencers from Psychology and Education AUSTRALIA Michael Cavanagh Jeff Auerbach CANADA Anthony Grant Rey Carr Patrick Williams Linda Page Richard Kilberg UNITED STATES David Peterson Randall White David Lane Stephen Palmer UNITED KINGDOM Pauline Willis David Clutterbuck David Megginson Robert Witherspoon Frederic Hudson/ Pam McLean
  • 12. Landmark Education Transformational Technologies Werner Erhard Owner Founded 1984 Werner Erhard & Associates (WEA) Founded 1981 Jim Selman Initial CEO Richard StrozziHeckler 1972 1990s Programs for Corporations est, An Educational Corporation Jinny Ditzler 1982 Fernando Flores 1982 1975 Erhard Seminars Training (est) 1980s Founded 1971 1977 Graham Alexander 1974 Sir John Whitmore Timothy Gallwey Thomas Leonard Laura Whitworth Programs for Individuals Peter Senge Warren Bennis Ken Blanchard Robert Hargrove Jay Perry Julio Olalla 1990 Newfield Network Werner Erhard Founded 1975 Rafael Echevarria Henry KimseyHouse James Flaherty 1985 New Ventures West
  • 13. Latin America Coaching Influencers Sonia Sinesterra Columbia 2003 Jim Selman Argentina 1998 1990 1995 Julio Olalla Mexico, Chile 1990 2000 José Roberto Marques Brazil 2007 Rosa Krausz Brazil 2003 2005 Tim Gallwey Brazil 2011 2010
  • 14. Latin America MCCs Maria Patricia Afanador lena Graciela Espinal Panama Julio Olalla Adriana Eugenia Vazquez Mercedes Jahn Sonia Sinesterra (Live in USA) Chile Mexico Columbia Damian Goldvarg (Live in USA) Eliana Glasser Dutra Brazil Lidia Noemi Muradep Argentina
  • 15. Historical Observation #2 Coaching has a broad intellectual framework that draws on the synergy, cross-fertilization, and practices of many disciplines
  • 16. Disciplines and Socioeconomics 1800 1900 2000 Natural Sciences Social Sciences Business Success Motivators Human Potential Personal Growth
  • 17. 19th Century 21st Century 1945 BIOLOGY 1800 ANTHROPOLOGY 1843 SUCCESS MOTIVATORS LINGUISTICS 1880s 1937-1960 12-STEP PROGRAM 1935 1960s PSYCHOLOGY NEW AGE MOVEMENT 1879 PHILOSOPHY HUMAN POTENTIAL MOVEMENT 1970s ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT 1930s-1950s SOCIOLOGY ADULT DEVELOPMENT* EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION 1926 ECONOMICS CONSULTING 1890s Century 1960s FACILITATION LEADERSHIP TRAINING PERSONNEL FUNCTION MENTORING PERFORMING ARTS SPORTS 1950s ADULT LEARNING 1973 MANAGEMENT Apprenticeships 1980s 1910s 1838 19th CAREER DEV. VOC. GUIDANCE 1900 1977 HUMAN RESOURCES Mid-1980s
  • 18. Historical Observation #3 Modern coaching patterns Client Situation Coach Context and practices are dynamic and contextual
  • 19. Coaching defined “Goal-directed, results-oriented, systematic process in which one person facilitates sustained change in another individual or group through fostering the self-directed learning and personal growth of the coachee” (Grant, 2003) encompassing attributes along a continuum. Continuum Attributes* Directive Holistic Short-term Individual leads agenda High personal content High business content Developmental Facilitative (Non-directive) Specific Long-term Others lead the agenda Low personal content Low business content Remedial Page 19 *adapted from CIPD Coaching and Buying Coaching Services Guide
  • 20. Historical Observation #4 Coaching came into existence to fill an unmet need in an interactive, fluid world of rapid change and complexity
  • 21. Socioeconomic periods 1900 1950 2000 Modern Period • • • • • Evidence, logic, rationality Industrial revolution Separation of work & family Shift isolated to integrated Control, order, certainty Postmodern Period • Service society • Reintegration of • • • family & work Resistance to sacrifice for progress Rapid technology change Migration and globalization
  • 22. Emergence of coaching 1930s - 50s 1960s - 70s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s Counseling Executives Sales Coaching Leadership Programs Assessment Centers Inner Game Coaching Services Training + Associations Coaching Culture Academic Programs Research & Evidence
  • 23. Geographical Commercialization Earliest Coaching Program or Company United Kingdom United States German speaking South and Central America France Hong Kong - China Japan Australia Singapore Nordic Italy Korea 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
  • 24. Emergence of Associations IAPPC PPCA United States PCMA NABC ACTO (Canada) 1999 ICF IAC United Kingdom Other 1994 1995 1996 1997 ICCO GSAEC WABC JCA BPSSGPC APECS EMCC AC EMCC (Europe) APSIGPC CCA (Japan) 1999 (Australia)  2002 (China) 2003 2004 2005
  • 25. Historical Observation #5 Coaching came into being in an open, integral social network from a perspective of diversity and inclusion Conceptual Model…
  • 26. Diffusion of Innovation Curve Tipping Point
  • 27. Remember… Coaching rests on the shoulders of multiple disciplines... . . . and came into being to fill an unmet need in the world.
  • 28. See you tomorrow for “Advanced Executive Coaching” Thank You You can connect with me at: coach@vikkibrock.com

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