Preliminary detailed program IASC 2012 Thematic Conference on the Knowledge Commons


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Preliminary detailed program of key-note sessions and full paper parallel sessions.

The 1st Global Thematic IASC Conference on the Knowledge Commons brings together leading people from a number of international scientific research communities, social science researchers, practitioners
and policy analysts, to discuss the rationale and practical feasibility of institutional arrangements designed to emulate key public domain conditions for collaborative research.

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Preliminary detailed program IASC 2012 Thematic Conference on the Knowledge Commons

  1. 1. International Association for the Study of the Commons GOVERNING POOLED KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES:The rapid advances in technologies and digital networks overthe past two decades have significantly altered and improved The event includes introductory sessions by high level key-notethe ways that data and information can be produced, speakers, parallel sessions with selected papers from the call fordisseminated, managed, and used, in science, innovation, papers and three policy panels organized at the end of eachculture, and in many other spheres of human endeavor, and afternoon.have created unprecedented opportunities for developing newpolices. The list of keynote speakers include Samir K Brahmachari, Carlos Correa, Paul A. David, Emile Frison, Bronwyn H. Hall, RobinThese developments are part of the emerging broader Mansell, Anil Markandya, Joel Mokyr, Jerome Reichman, Jakobmovement in support of formal and informal “peer production” Rhyner, Paul F. Uhlir.and global dissemination of information by mobilizing thecooperation of distributed knowledge communities in opennetworked environments. WHERE AND WHENIndeed, as recognized increasingly in theliterature, the emerging economics of 12-14th September 2012, Universitéknowledge in the digital environment can be catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve,seen as a complex mix of social sharing and Belgiumexchange in self-governed communities ofpeers as a modality of production, along with The conference is organized by BIOGOV unitpublic support and private appropriation as an at Université catholique de Louvainincentive for translating knowledge outputs into ( and Institutions fornew commercial applications. Collective Action at Universiteit Utrecht ( EVENT Conference site: The 1st Global Thematic IASC Conference on the Knowledge Commons brings together leading people from a number of international scientific OPTIONS FOR PARTICIPATION research communities, social science researchers, practitioners and policy analysts, to discuss the rationale and practical 1. Conference package (including conference reception with feasibility of institutional arrangements designed to emulate key special event on Wednesday evening, diner on Thursday public domain conditions for collaborative research. evening, lunches and coffee breaks, local transport and conference documents): The 6 thematic sub-areas that will be addressed in the conference are: Cultural Commons, Genetic Resource - Full conference: 205 EUR for IASC members, 265 EUR for Commons, Scientific Research Commons, Historical non-members; Knowledge Commons, Digital information commons, Innovative - 1 day: 110 EUR Wed, 110 EUR Thu, 45 EUR Fri. Intellectual Property Governance. 2. Attending conference sessions only: no fee (however, registration by email is required to More information & registration:
  2. 2. Institutions for CPDR Collective Action IASC International Association for the Study of the Commons 1st Thematic Conference on the Knowledge Commons Governing Pooled Knowledge Resources:Building Institutions for Sustainable Scientific, Cultural and Genetic Resource Commons 12-14th September 2012 Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium Preliminary detailed program of key-note sessions and full paper parallel sessions Organized by: Université catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium Utrecht University, Netherlands Conference Co-chairs Tom Dedeurwaerdere ( Tine De Moor ( In Collaboration withCODATA (International Council for Science : Committee on Data for Science and Technology) : GICSI taks group on Global Information Commons for Science Faculté Universitaire Notre-Dame de la Paix (FUNDP), Belgium Ghent University, Belgium International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC) UNU-Merit (Maastricht) and the Support of The National Science Foundation, Belgium Codata International Fonds voor wetenschappelijk onderzoek NL
  3. 3. Program key-note topicsWednesday 12 September, 9:00-10:30Contractually reconstructing data and information commons for global climate change researchProf. Paul David, Stanford, US and Telecom-ParisTech, FrancePromoting open access to digital knowledge resourcesProf. Robin Mansell, London School of Economics and Political Science, UKThursday 13 September, 9:00-10:30Open source drugs discovery as a model for commons based innovation in global public healthProf. Samir K Brahmachari, Director, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, IndiaThe role of the global Crop Commons in supporting livelihoods and food security in developingcountries.Emile Frison, Director General of Bioversity International, ItalyFriday 14th of September, 9:00-10:30Sharing of knowledge, technological evolution and economic growth: a historical overviewProf. Joel Mokyr, Northwestern University, USInnovative intellectual property strategies for pooling knowledge and technologies in addressingglobal challenges.Prof. Bronwyn Hall, University of Berkeley, USFriday 14th of September, 14:00-15:30Concluding conference session and policy forum on Climate Change : “Towards a Global Scienceand Technology Policy Agenda for mitigating climate change”Prof. Anil Markandya, Director of Basque Center for Climate Change lead (author of the IPCC report)Jakob Rhyner, Director of United Nation University, Bonn
  4. 4. Draft Program SessionsTRACK 1: “Scientific Research and Innovation Commons”Beginning with the open source software movement in the 1980s, digital technologies have beenapplied for the global sharing of data and literature in various research fields, leading in the pastdecade to an explosion of research and innovation commons in almost all scholarly disciplines andknowledge contexts. In recent years, these disparate commons, developed largely from the bottom-up by the researchers who saw the need and the capabilities and seized the initiative, have begun tobe institutionalized from the top-down by research funding agencies, science policy organizations,and even some legislatures. The researchers themselves have moved beyond the development ofinitial commons designed for specific information types and narrow discipline use, to moreintegrated and holistic “open knowledge environments” that take full advantage of the advancingdigitally networked technologies. It is therefore both timely and appropriate to take stock of wherewe have been, what the current landscape of scientific research and innovation commons is, andwhere we can and should be going. This track of the Conference, therefore, will examine issues suchas: • The historical, current, and future trends in the development of institutional and governance models for scientific research and innovation commons, and the variability in disciplines. • The relative strengths and weaknesses of fully open, semi-commons, and proprietary approaches to research and the progress of science, in both the public and private sector contexts. • The institutional sustainability of different digitally networked commons in different sectors. • The social, cultural, and political norms and practices that are both enabling and inhibiting the development of research and innovation commons. • Evaluation techniques for better understanding the positive and negative effects of digital commons, specifically on the progress of science and innovation, and on economic growth and social welfare more generally. • Strategies for promoting successful approaches to institutionalizing such commons.Session 1: Open access publishing and journal policiesTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryEvaluating the Role of Editorial BANDEH- University of Maryland USADecisions on Innovation AHMADI AyehLandscapesFacilitating open data and code: STODDEN Columbia University USAThe role of journal policy Victoria
  5. 5. Quality Attributes of Online NIV Tal UC Berkeley & Creative USACreative Enterprise and Its CommonsRegulationSession 2: Constructing commons in Intellectual Resources: A Research Framework andCase StudiesTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryConstructing Commons in MADISON University of Pittsburgh USAIntellectual Resources Michael School of LawCommons Formation and Patent CONTRERAS American University, USADeterrence: Assessing the Jorge Washington College of LawGenomics ExperienceThe Rare Diseases Clinical STRANDBURG New York University USAResearch Network as a Nested KatherineCultural CommonsSession 3: Enabling access to research data: comparing international and regionalinitiatives in developed and developing countriesTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryEnabling access to research data FITZGERALD Queensland University of Australiain developing countries: Anne Technology, Brisbanedesigning a policy and practiceframework for Malaysia’s public (co-authorresearch universities HASHIM Haswira Nor Mohamad, Australia)Building shared language VILLE Oksanen Aalto University Finlandresearch environments insideEuropean Union – how to (co-authoroptimize the system based on LINDEN Krister,experiences from real life Finland)Status of Research Data and MKONDIWA Bunda College of Agriculture MalawiInformation Sharing in Malawi Maxwell Centre for Agricultural Malawi Research and DevelopmentCommon knowledge and Human LARA Arturo Universidad Autonoma MexicoGenome Project: Institutional MetropolitanaTrajectories (co-author OSORIO Helder, Mexico)
  6. 6. Session 4: Public-private partnerships and research collaborations in life scienceresearchTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryPlant biotechnologies: what is TROMMETTER GAEL UMR INRA UPMF Francecommon and what remains Michel Grenobleprivate? Ecole Polytechnique, Paris FranceGenetic Resource Commons: A PATNAIK Wageningen University NetherlandsCase study of Central Rice ArchanaResearch Institute (India) (co-author RUIVENKAMP Guido, Netherlands)Value, norms and practices in LOUAFI Selim CIRAD Franceplant biodiversity-basedresearch and innovation (co-authorscommons ARNAUD Elizabeth, Italy, BARTHELEMY Daniel, France, NOYER Jean- Louis, France, PHAM Jean- Louis, France)Networking collections to SMITH David CABI UKprovide facilitated andlegislation compliant access tomicrobial resourcesSession 5: Legal and institutional design of global scientific research collaborations(Titles of this session might still slightly change)Title Author Institution/Affiliation CountryWhen Copyright Law and Jerome Duke Law School USAScience Collide: Empowering ReichmanDigitally Integrated ResearchMethods on a Global ScaleDesigning global scientific Paul Uhlir National Academy of USAcollaborations for scientific Sciencesresearch data. The example ofGEOSSTrends in technology transfer: Carlos Correa University of Buenos Argentinaimplications for developing Aires/South Centrecountries
  7. 7. Track 2: “Digital Information Commons”Digital and network technologies make it easier to share information, whether in the commons ornot. Building upon these technical possibilities, various communities define rules of use and re-use ofthese resources (such as through common use licensing) that support the good functioning of thecommon digital knowledge resources. User communities may include artists, researchers, educators,media, governments and the digital information potentially includes text, images, databases andaudiovisual material.The emerging research field needs to develop theoretical exchanges with more grounded scientificdomains and areas of the commons. Besides, both researchers and advocates would benefit fromcollecting documented use-cases and scalable argumentation on the impact of the digital commonson economy, democracy, education, health and social welfare as a whole. Issues related to incentiveto share, incompatibilities, network effects, reputation and evaluation require further research to beovercome and provide evidence and guidance for various user communities and policy-makers.Session 6: Learning from Internet collaboration modelsTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryCollaborative Success and SCHWEIK University of Massachusetts, USAAbandonment in Open Source Charles AmherstSoftware Commons (co-author ENGLISH Robert)Social Responsibility Reporting on GARCÍA- University of Oviedo SpainOpen Source Developments GARCÍA JesusFrom the Tragedy of the DULONG DE Centre national de la FranceCommons to the Tragedy of the ROSNAY recherche scientifiqueAnticommons Melanie (co-author LE CROSNIER Hervé, France)The exploitation of digital labor DE FILIPPI CERSA France Primavera
  8. 8. Session 7: Innovative IP management strategies for digital and scientific researchcommonsTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryThe role of the Commons theory LORRAIN Anne- Université Paris-Sud 11 Francein revealing the collective nature Catherineof copyright licensing: Max Planck Institute on Germany Intellectual Property and(re)introducing a public Competition Lawperspective in the exchange ofprotected information andknowledge goodsAvoiding the Anticommons: BELDIMAN UC Hastings, San Francisco USAConditioning Release of Culture DanaCollection Materials on anAgreement to "Re-Bundle" IPRightsEx-post Liability Rules in Modern CASTRO Rosa European University ItalyCopyright Law InstituteOpenness and the Banking of GEORGE Carol University of Edinburgh UKHuman Stem CellsSession 8: The governance of online creation communities: learning from case studiesand innovative modelsTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryTowards a new model of RALLET Alain Université Paris Sud Franceknowledge production: WhatWikipedia can teach us? (co-author ROCHELANDET Fabrice, France)The Tragedy of Scientific LUETHI Roger University of Zurich SwitzerlandCommons (co-authors OSTERLOH Margit, Switzerland, FREY Bruno, Switzerland)Mapping online creation FUSTER MORELL Berkman center for Internet Spaincommunities for the building of Mayo and Society, Harvarddigital commons: Models of Universityinfrastructure governance ofcollective action and its effectson participation size andcomplexity of collaborationachievedThe role of web platforms IACOMELLA Institue of Sociology Argentinagovernance in the Franco Research, Faculty of Social
  9. 9. development of Digital SciencesCommons
  10. 10. TRACK 3: “Historical experience of the knowledge commons”Although knowledge commons seem to be a fairly “new” concept, Europe has a long history ofsimilar institutionalized initiatives, which can in fact also serve as a source of inspiration for thepresent day exchange of knowledge. One type of such an institution for collective action -and nodoubt the most important until the 19th century- was the craft guild which tried to limit professionaland personal risks for artisans, from the late middle ages onwards. Guild members their mainobjective was to provide a minimal but secure income for their members. The capital good theypooled in order to prevent running great risks, was their skill in combination with specific knowledgeabout their craft: by joining and exchanging their knowledge and training, and taking advantage ofthe scale of organization they could offer a uniform, high quality good, that would be sold at aminimum price. The guild system enforced the rules of apprenticeship against free-riding andexploitation and offered institutional and practical support to the migrant apprentices, journeymen,and masters who transferred their knowledge from town and region of Europe to another.Session 9: Historical Knowledge Commons and the history of the knowledge commonsTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryMutable bodies / immobile DE MUNCK Bert University of Antwerp Belgiumknowledge? Early modern guildsas knowledge communitiesEarly Modern „knowledge POPPLOW Universität Salzburg Austriacommons“ to foster Marcustechnological innovation –characteristics and paradoxesOrganizations of maritime SCHELTJENS University of Groningen Netherlandstransporters in the Low WernerCountries, 1400-1800Born to develop new knowledge TEDESCHI Paolo University of Milan Bicocca Italycommons in agronomics: theagrarian reviews in Lombardyduring the 19th century
  11. 11. TRACK 4: “Genetic Resource Commons”Research on the exchange of genetic resources in various fields (microbial, animal and plant) showsthat networking collections or of genetic resources in global and local common pool resources is aworkable alternative to market-based solutions, which have been shown to be unable to generatesufficient investment in the vast quantities of genetic resources that are neglected because of theirlow commercial value or potential but as yet unknown future values.For the improving our understanding of the design of these genetic resource commons however, amore systematic approach, based on a systematic analysis of the structure of the exchangespractices, the terms and conditions of exchanges, and the role of non-market values in the actors’motivations is needed. The main issue that has to be addressed in this context is the creation of abetter fit between the design of institutional arrangements for building the genetic resourcecommons and the norms and practices of the various user communities. Examples which illustrate,amongst others, attempts in that direction are the use of standard material transfer agreements forexchanges within the global crop and microbial commons ; breeding associations for animal geneticresources, organizations for informal seed exchange in developing countries or participatorybreeding in the organic farming sector.Session 10: Harmonization of governance arrangements for genetic-resource commonsunder the CBDTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryThe Pan-European project FRITZE Dagmar Leibniz-Institut DSMZ - GermanyMicrobial Resource Research Deutsche Sammlung vonInfrastructure (MIRRI) Mikroorganismen und ZellkulturenHuman Pathogens as Capstone VOGEL Joseph University of Puerto Rico Puerto RicoApplication of the Economics of HenryInformation to Convention onBiological Diversity (co-author HOCKING Barbara Ann, Puerto Rico)Economy of knowledge BARBIER CIESM Monaco MicheleFilling the Gap: from early BROGGIATO Université catholique de Belgiuminternational legal agreements Arianna Louvainpertaining to global science tonew implementation perspectivesin the context of the Nagoyaprotocol
  12. 12. Session 11: Open access licensing models from the life sciences and information:potential applications for building a global agricultural research commonsTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryAccess to plant genetic DEIBEL Eric Institut Francilien Recherche Franceresources: from access as an Innovation Sociétéaccessory to international traderules to open licensingRegulation of Human Gene LUCCHI Nicola Université catholique de BelgiumPatents and Scientific Commons: LouvainThe Myriad Controversy and itsRamificationsReconciling private and public FRISON Université catholique de Belgiuminterests through collective Christine Louvainaction for food and agriculture:The plant commons (co-authors RAJOTTE Tasmin, Canada, TANSEY Geoff, UK)What kind of goods are plant HALEWOOD Biodiversity International Italygenetic resources? Exploring the Michaelcontours of a new globalcommonsSession 12: Governing traditional knowledge and informal seed exchange networks forsustainable rural developmentTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountrySustaining Informal Seed OLANYA David Gulu University UgandaExchange in Africa RossParadigm shifts in plant BATUR Fulya Université catholique de Belgiumimprovement innovation and Louvainadequacy of intellectual propertyrights for genetic resourcecommons: institutional fit analysis
  13. 13. TRACK 5: “Cultural Commons”“Cultural Commons” refer to cultures located in time and space – either physical or virtual - andshared and expressed by a socially cohesive community. The concept of Cultural Commons proposesa new perspective for studying and analyzing cultures and cultural production. The approach is basedon understanding cultures and cultural production as intangible resources shared by communities,whose generation and maintenance involve social dilemmas and collective action. Examples are:cultural district or cultural cluster in a city, a local language, the creativity expressed by designers’communities or traditional knowledge of indigenous communities.Cultural Commons may be analyzed and defined along three main dimensions: Cultural expression,Space and Community. These dimensions are useful to understand cultures as a new category ofshared resources, which encompasses different forms of expression produced by variouscommunities and in several contexts. Cultural expression represents the resource that is producedand managed in a commons-like framework. The spatial dimension reflects the environmentalcharacteristics wherein interactions take place between community members. Finally, thecommunity, built upon an identity and symbolic dimension, takes into account the cohesiveness of itsmembers and their involvement in the cultural process. The community can be described along thedensity dimension, starting from a close-knit designers’ group to a loosely spread community ofplayers on massive multiplayer online games.Session 13: The impact of cultural heritage legislation and policy on cultural commonsTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryThe Constitution and the DANIELS Brigham Young University USACommons Brigham (co-author HUDSON Blake, USA)Safeguarding intangible cultural SANTILLI Federal Prosecutors´ Office Brazilheritage and “cultural commons” Juliana in Brasilia and Center forin Brazil: advances and challenges Sustainable Development, of University of BrasiliaPromoting the Genetic Resources SCARIA Arul Université catholique de Belgiumand Associated Traditional LouvainKnowledge Based Innovationsthrough a Commons BasedFramework: Scope andChallenges
  14. 14. Session 14: Impact of digital communication and intellectual property models on culturalexpression and knowledge of local and indigenous communitiesTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryCultural Industries, Digital Divide CHAVEZ Manuel CIIDIR-Universidad de la Mexicoand Rural Development: The Sierra Surcase of digital piracy in Oaxaca (co-author SACNHEZ- MEDINA Patricia, Mexico)Re-Making Place: The Social RANGNEKAR School of Law, University of UKConstruction of Geographical Dwijen WarwickIndicationsFrom Mayan Hackers to Cuban AVILA Renata Universidad Francisco GuatemalaLinux communities: the role of Marroquin - Creativedigital commons in Cuba and (co-author Commons GuatemalaGuatemala HERNANDEZ Eduardo, Cuba)Information and Communication ORTIZ Gabriela IASC MexicoTechnology as a tool to maintainCommon Property RightsSession 15: Building innovative conceptual frameworks for studying cultural commons:from theory to empirical analysisTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryCooperation Preferences in the LANKAU Mathias Georg-August-Universität GermanyProduction of Cultural GöttingenResources - Experimental (co-author BIZEREvidence on the Effects of Kilian, Germany)Social IdentityFrom local to global cultural PARENTI Orientale University Naples Italycommons? A theoretical and Benedettaempirical assessment (co-author DE SIMONE Elina, Italy)
  15. 15. Session 16: Redesigning copyright law for cultural expressions and traditionalknowledgeTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryModernizing Copyright Law BITTON Miriam Bar-Ilan University IsraelToward a Theory of Polycentric PRIEST Eric University of Oregon School USAGovernance in Copyright Law of LawTowards A Pluralist Approach for TESHAGER Dalhousie University Canadathe Protection of Traditional DagneKnowledge in InternationalIntellectual Property Law andPolicy: Imperatives forProtection and the Choice ofModalitiesLegal Effect on Classification KHADEMI World Trade Innstitute SwitzerlandKnowledge HojjatSession 17: Governing urban commons in the digital areaTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryUrban-net: A case study of an MUGAR Gabriel Syracuse University USAevolving new commons (Co-authors VENKATESH Murali, USA, HESS Charlotte, USA)Challenge of new commons – POKLEMBOVA Institute for Forecasting, Slovakurban public spaces Veronika Slovak Academy of Sciences Republic (co-authors KLUVANKOVA- ORAVSKA Tatiana, FINKA Maros, Slovak Republic)
  16. 16. TRACK 6+ : ”Global Climate change research”This focal area of the conference will address climate change governance and its relationship toknowledge commons. In particular, it will focus on the contribution of commons based solutions tothe sharing and diffusion of reliable scientific knowledge and innovations, and of sustainable use ofgenetic resources and traditional knowledge, which can contribute to address problems ofadaptation to and mitigation of climate change.Session 18: Diffusion and access to reliable scientific knowledge and innovations in globalClimate ChangeTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryTowards a Knowledge Commons DEN BESTEN Groupe Sup de Co Francefor Integrated Assessment Matthijs Montpellier Business SchoolModels of Climate ChangeThe Green Economy and the STAM Erik Utrecht University NetherlandsReturn of the CommonsClimate change discourses and MERINO Universidad Nacional Mexicopolicies. Whose priorities, which Leticia Autónoma de Méxicoknowledge?Collective Action for the GUTERREZ Universidad Nacional MexicoProduction of Knowledge on the Norma Autónoma de MéxicoCommonsSession 19: Intellectual property and technology transfer for climate change researchTitle Author Institution/Affiliation CountryA new opportunity for delivering BROWN Abbe University of Edinburgh UKthe commons: exploring theinterface between different legalfieldsPatent Pools for Clean Energy ZHUANG Wei Max Planck Institute for IP GermanyTechnologies and Competition Law(list participants) Université de Genève SwitzerlandThe Renewable Energy Commons MEYER University of Georgia School USA Timothy of LawThe Talent Pool: Human Capital, LOBEL Orly University of San Diego USAKnowledge Creation, and the
  17. 17. Reach of Intellectual Property (co-author AMIR On, USA)