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Carver vs. cheever power point

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  • 1. Raymond Carver VS. John Cheever
  • 2. THE MIDDLE CLASSAnd How It is Portrayed
  • 3. • Both Authors are from the Middle Class and Write about Suburban Life (King)• “Mythic Middle Class” (McPhillips) • Neddy’s Journey• Keeping Up Appearances (Bosha) • Aspiring to an alternate version of realityMiddle Class
  • 4. REALITY VERSUS PERCEPTIONThemes in “The Swimmer” and “Cathedral”
  • 5. • Self Centricity • Carver’s speaker is only concerned about how things affect him • Neddy is so self-absorbed that he constructs his own version of reality• Subjectivity of Reality • Neddy defies reality, refusing to accept the past • Ambiguity of time (eNotes.com) • Inability to talk about love • What love is • Seeing versus understanding • Narrator describing cathedral to Blind man • Meaning separate from sight?Reality and Perception
  • 6. • Ideas of Race • Names bearing ideas of Character (Hall) • Distrust of Narrative • Exchanging tapes • Neddy’s misconception time • Emphasizing Surface Detail (May) • Why is the surface important?Reality and Perception
  • 7. • Why is it important that both narratives are set in the middle class? • How important is sight (or any other sense) to reality? • Is there a literal version of reality? Or is it subjective? Why? • What is the significance of the appearance of marijuana in “Cathedral?” How is drug use relevant when discussing ideas of perception?Discussion Questions
  • 8. Works CitedBosha, Francis J, ed. The Critical Response to John Cheever. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994.Print.Burhans, Clinton S. Jr. "John Cheever and the Grave of Social Coherence." Twentieth CenturyLiterature 14.4 (1969): 187-198. JSTOR. Web. 17 Apr. 2012.Current-Garcia, Eugene. "The Swimmer: Overview." Reference Guide to American Literature. Ed.Jim Kamp. 3rd ed. Detroit: St. James Press, 1994. Literature Resource Center. Web. 17 Apr. 2012.Hall, Vanessa. "Racial Imaginings in Raymond Carvers Short Stories and in American Culture."Mosaic 43.4 (n.d.): 87-102. Gale Databases. Web. 24 April 2012."John Cheever The Swimmer Criticism." enotes.com. eNotes, n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2012.<http://www.enotes.com/swimmer-criticism/swimmer-john-cheever>King, Stephen. “Raymond Carver’s Life and Stories.” nytimes.com. The New York Times. 19 Apr.2009. Web. 24 April 2012. < http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/22/books/review/King-t.html?pagewanted=all>May, Charles E. "Do You See What Im Saying?: The Inadequacy of Exaplanation and the Uses ofStory in the Short Fiction of Raymond Carver." The Yearbook of English Studies , Vol. 31. (2001), pp.39-49. Web.McPhillips, Robert. "Suburbia and Its Discontents." The Sewanee Review 97.2 (1989): 293-296.JSTOR. Web. 3 Apr. 2012.