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Out of Sight, Out of Mind
 

Out of Sight, Out of Mind

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... The Importance of Communicating our Role.

... The Importance of Communicating our Role.
Electronic System brand; the necessity for it and its management.
Seminar to Uo.Liverpool Students: 5may11

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    Out of Sight, Out of Mind Out of Sight, Out of Mind Presentation Transcript

    • 1v0
      Out of Sight ...... Out of MindThe Importance of Communicating our Role
      Uo.Liverpool
      5may11
    • 1975: New Degree, Home, Job, Wife, Baby, Car, Phone ...
      GPO Type 706 Telephone
      Vauxhall Viva HB SL90
      Electronics!
      New Kid on the Block!
      Ian PhillipsC1975
    • 1975: Semiconductor Electronics Appears
      Domestically we had...
      Portable Radio, Hi-Fi, Colour TV, Pocket Calculator ... That’s about all!
      Professionally we had...
      Radar
      Transmitters
      TV Cameras
      Basic radio satellites
      Undersea cables (phone)
      First desk-top computers
      Stuart 5 Transistor Radio 1975
      IBM 220PX c1975
      Tech. Drives Market
      The More ... The Better!
      TI SR 51 Calculator c1975
      BeoVision 3500 c1975
    • Today: Electronics Everywhere
      But Invisible ...
      Everywhere but Nowhere!
    • 2004: “Electronics 2015” (aka The EIGT Report)
      UK Electronics ...
      Unknown, Invisible
      Uncoordinated, Unfocused
      Unquantified
      ... But Internationally Respected
      Source: “Electronics 2015”. Published: DTI (HMG)
    • 2004: “Electronics 2015”
      Low?
      UK Electronics ...
      9,400 enterprises
      Employing 250-500k people
      Contributing 2% of GDP
      ... Believed Conservative Estimates!
      Source: “Electronics 2015”. Published: DTI (HMG)
    • 2005: Corrective Actions Taken ...
      Electronic Leadership Council formed (ELC)
      By DTI (>BERR>BIS) (Gov dept). Chairman: Harry Tee
      Two, 3yr ‘terms’ ... Currently in abeyance.
      Electronics-KTN formed
      By BERR (>BIS): Later under the devolved QUANGO; TSB
      Converged to be ESP-KTN (Electronics, Sensors and Photonics)
      Separate from ICT-KTN (Digital Comms and Digital Systems)
      UK Electronics Alliance formed
      Alliance of the UK Electronic Industry Associations
      Formed under ELC
      And the outcome is ...
    • “Engineering UK 2009” Report
      Better!
      60%!
      ~50% in businesses <100 people
      Electronics is ~5% of UK Engineering
      ...The Same Story across All Engineering
      Source: Engineering UK 2009/10. Published: EngineeringUK (pka: ETB)
    • “Engineering UK 2011” Report
      They trust us to do something ...
      ... To most people Science is “Indistinguishable from Magic” ... Magic Just Happens and doesn’t need maintenance.
    • ...
      • We will legislate to enforce the freedom of government data. ... 
      • We will be the first country in Europe to extend superfast 100 mbps broadband across most of the population.
      • We will publish online every item of central government and Quango spending over £25,000 – including every contract in full ...
      • We will create a level playing field for open source IT in government procurement and open up government IT contracts to SMEs by breaking up large IT projects into smaller components. ...
      • We will also create a small IT development team in government ...
      • We will require all credit card providers to send their customers a data file containing information on pricing and usage....
      • We will publish online the names and salaries of all central government and Quango managers earning over £150,000 per year ...
      • We will build a smart energy gridthat enables a huge increase in the use of renewable energy technologies, and we will invest in the next generation of wind, marine and carbon capture technologies.
      • We will throw open the doors of Parliament by introducing a technology enabled Public Reading Stage
      ...
      Technology = IT
      Gov. doesn’t understand either!
    • 2011: Education Position ...
      Science, Physics, Engineering, (Maths)
      Numbers Declining. Courses Closing. Quality Questioned.
      Perceived: Difficult. Boring. Poor ROI. No Career Pros. (In UK)
      Preferred: Fame. Celebrity. Easy Option.
      Technology = IT/ICT = Technology
      Use, Sales and Support of PCs and Mobile Phones
      Boring: Did it in (Primary) school.
      Geeky (Pathetic)
      Lost Opportunity ... ... For the UK
      ... Lack of Public understanding of opportunities and challenges ... Because We are not telling anybody about them!
    • Has The Situation Improved Since 2004? ...
      Most pundits would say its worse ...
      We still don’t have accurate Numbers, Activities or Economic Contribution for this ‘sector’
      It is no more Integrated, Unified, Recognised, Respected or Valued.
      The Government (BIS) has just three (Possibly two) people responsible for ‘this sector’
      The Government cannot see the difference between IT and Technology ... And neither can the Public.
      Society (and Politicians) believe that Technology (ie IT) is bought from ‘out there’ and the UK has lost any significant role in it.
      ... In 2004 (UK) Society was Indifferent to us ... ... Now it Dismisses us as irrelevant!
    • We’ve Got Lost ...
      Somewhere between ...
      Manufacturing..and.. IT/ICT:
      Design is considered to be a sub-function of Manufacturing
      Electronics is considered to be part of IT/ICT.
      Along with Embedded Software, Optics and Mechatronics
      ..But we are NOT recognised as...
      A Creative Industry ..or a.. Nano-Technology
      Resp: Films, Media and Games
      Physics, paints, medicine
      This seems to be a particularly Western situation.
      ... The Lack of Clear Identity is not helping our situation!
    • Why Are We Failing to Impress?
      We let our technology’s success speak for itself !
      But as we made the ‘interfaces’ easy, so our role became invisible.
      Now Design is not classed as a Creative Industry, but a Part of Manufacturing
      Electronics is indistinguishable from IT/ICT
      ... We have been too busy enjoying ourselves to notice.
      So Why Are We Bothered Now?
      Because our ongoing ‘serenity’ is being threatened by a society, Government and Economy which (believes) it doesn’t need us!
      ... So it is about time to address our Paymasters ... And that means understanding ourselves and them!
    • This is The Computer ... Or is it?
      NO … I'm Not the Computer …Just the Human Interface to it!
      The Actual Computer is 'Down the Wire' ...
      ... Somewhere?!
    • Computer: A Machine for Computing ...
      Computation is a general term for any type of mathematical information processing ...
      ... State and Time are factors in this.
      It includes phenomena ranging from human thinking to calculations with a more narrow meaning. Wikipedia
      ... But predominantly processes analogies (analogues) of real-world situations and processes; many in real-time.
      NumeratedPhenomena
      IN (x)
      Processed Data/InformationOUT (y)
      F(x,t,s)
    • Planet Motion Computer – Orrery c1700
      • Inventor: George Graham (1674-1751)
      • Non-Quantised, Mechanical Computation
    • Digital Computer – Baby 1947 (Reconstruction)
      General Purpose, Quantised, (Digital) Electronic Computer
    • Analogue Computer – AKAT c1960
      General Purpose, Non-Quantised, Analogue, Approximate Computing
    • Radio As A Computer
      Vi
      Vrf=Vi*100
      Vro='Bandpass'(Vif*1000)
      Vrf
      Vif
      Vro
      Vif=Vrf*Vlo
      Vlo
      Technology (HW, SW, Mech, Optics) ...
      Enables Product Options!
      Vlo=Cos(t*1^6)
      Single Purpose, Non-Quantised, Analogue, Approximate Computing
    • The Phone As A Computer ...
    • ... Cool Design ...
    • ... But at Many Levels ...
    • Inside the Case
      Down 1-Level ... Modules
      rear-facing 5 MP camera with 720p video at 30 FPS, tap to focus feature, and LED flash.
      iPhone 4's vibrator motor.
      Source ... http://www.ifixit.com
    • Down 1-Level ... Modules
      Inside the Case
      The Control Board.
      Source ... http://www.ifixit.com
    • Down 2-Levels ... Sub-Assemblies
      GPS
      Bluetooth, EDR &FM
      Source ... http://www.ifixit.com
      Inside The Control Board (a-side)
      Visible Design-Team Members...
      A4 Processor, specified by Apple, designed and manufactured by Samsung ...
      The central unit that provides the iPhone 4 with its GP computing power.
      Inc. ARM A8 600 MHz CPU (also other ARM CPUs and IP?)
      ST-Micro (3 axis gyroscope) - (ARM Partner)
      Broadcom (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and GPS) - (ARM Partner)
      Skyworks (GSM)
      Triquint (GSM PA)
      Infineon (GSM Transceiver) - (ARM Partner)
    • Down 2-Levels ... Sub-Assemblies
      Inside The Control Board (b-side)
      Visible Design-Team Members ...
      Samsung (flash memory)- (ARM Partner)
      Cirrus Logic (audio codec) - (ARM Partner)
      AKM (Magnetic Sensor)
      Texas Instruments (Touch Screen Controller and mobile DDR) - (ARM Partner)
      Invisible Design-Team Members ...
      OS & Drivers, GSM Security; Graphics, Video and Sound ...
      Manufacturing, Assembly, Test, Certification ...
      Source ... http://www.ifixit.com
    • Down 3-Levels ... IC Packaging
      Memory ‘Package’
      2 Memory Dies
      Processor SOC Die
      Glue
      4-Layer Platform Package’
      The A4 SIP Package (Cross-section)
      The processor is the centre rectangle. The silver circles beneath it are solder balls.
      Two rectangles above are RAM die, offset to make room for the wirebonds.
      Putting the RAM close to the processor reduces latency, making RAM faster and cuts power.
      Unknown Mfr (Memory)
      Samsung/ARM (Processor)
      Unknown (SIP Technology)
      Source ... http://www.ifixit.com
    • Down 4-Levels ... The SoC
      Pocket ‘Super-Computer’ ...
      10 Programmable Processors
      4 x A9 Processors (2x2): ~10,000 MIP
      4 x MALI 400 Fragment Proc: ~1Gp/s
      1 x MALI 400 Vertex Processor
      1 x MALI Video CoDec
      Plus Dedicated Processors
      Smart MMUs
      Smart Interrupt Controllers
      Smart DMA Engines
      SmartQoS and Power Mgt
      Smart Cache
      Plus ...
      Customer-Specific Peripherals!
      ... ~15 Processors, ~2GHz, ... At a Watt or so!
      Block-Diagram for a typical 40nm Mobile Computing & Smart-Phone Platform Chip
    • Transistors in 2011 ...
      Simulated ‘views’ of a 30 x 30 nm transistor
      Asen Assenova.asenov@elec.gla.ac.uk
      ... 3,000 would sit side-by-side in the thickness of a bank-note!
      ... A Few Hundred Billion (1011) will fit on a chip!
    • Lots of Technologies and Know-How
      Far more than Electronics (or Software) ...
      Over many generations Scientists have learned how to Manipulate Matter itself (just a few aspects) ...
      The immensely complex task of creating a ‘Smart-Phone’, out of the raw-materials that surround us, is achieved by Globe-Spanning Teamwork ...
      Experts in parts of this Life-Cycle, contribute their own speciality; in-turn supported by others who contribute theirs ...
      And as each team does its part; it employs local people, who in turn contribute to their Local Economy.
      ... Lots of very clever science; but not magic!
    • Chronology of Science / Engineering
      Cro-Magnon Man (Us!) – 35,000 yr ago
      ‘Developed’ from Homo-Sapien (Wise Human) 100,000 yr ago
      Mission: Survive Nature (1,000 generations) ... Still doing it!
      The Philosophers – 2,500-1,000 yr ago
      Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Archimedes, ...
      Mission: Understand Nature
      The Scientists – 1,000-500 yrs ago
      Galileo, Descartes, (1000 ad)
      Electricity - William Gilbert (1600ad)
      Mission: Manipulate Nature
      The Engineers – 260 yrs ago
      Industrial Revolution (1750: 8 gen’n)
      Year 0: Science Meets Exploitation
      Mission: Exploit of Nature
      ... Economic and Population Explosion
      Universe – 13.6ByrEarth – 4.5Byr
      Thomas Telford’s Iron Bridge (1778), Ironbridge, UK
    • Products to Make Money
      21c Businesses have to be Money Making Machines
      Operations and Competition is Global and so are Investors
      Nationality has little meaning
      Business needs Product Differentiation
      End-Customers buy Products, not Technology
      Technologies enable Product Options
      Business-Models make Money
      New Products are Expensive/Risky
      Design is a Cost/Risk to be Minimised
      New Technology increases Cost/Risk ... ... But does not always increase Value
      HW, SW, Mechanics, Optics, etc are just means to an end!
      ... Globalisation leads to Focus on Core-Competencies!
    • We All Depend on Customers
      • ‘Philosophers’
      • ‘Scientists’
      • ‘Engineers’
      Need enough ‘Cro-Magnons’ to value our output, to trade their ‘grunt’ for it!
      If we need them to support the advanced stuff we are working on; then we need to explain it in terms they understand.
      We are All Cro-Magnon in some areas.
      Times are hard; Budgets will be cut ...
      Make sure they understand what we are doing matters to them.
      And make sure that it actually does/will !
    • The Threshold of Magic
      1: Clarke: Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.
      Everybody has Cro-Magnon parts. A threshold, beyond which Demonstrable Functionality is Indistinguishable From Magic1!
      Chemical Systems
      Biological Systems
      Economic Systems
      Electronic Systems
      The Incandescent Light:is the Threshold of Magic for most non-scientific, but well educated people!
      ... Its not a crime, to not understand!
      ... The crime is not explaining clearly when you are the one who suffers as a result!
    • Not all Cro-Magnons are Equal
      John Vincent Cable, known as Vince (born 9 May 1943) is a British politician; Member of Parliament for Twickenham since 1997; and the Liberal Democrats' main economic spokesperson since 2003.
      12 May 2010: Appointed Business Secretary in the cabinet of the Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition government.
      Cable studied economics at university and became an economic advisor to the Kenyan governmentin 1966. Advisor to the British government and then to the Commonwealth Secretary-General in the 1970s and 1980s. Chief Economist for Shell from 1995 to 1997.
      Deputy leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Commons in March 2006 and acting leader for two months from 15 October 2007, until the election of Nick Clegg.
      Cable has had a high profile since the global financial crisis of 2007–10 and has written several books on economics and trade.
      Dr.Vince Cable Secretary of State for Business, Innovation & Skills
      Undoubtedly a Clever Guy!
      But no knowledge of:
      • Micro/Nano-Electronics?
      • HDL's, Embedded Software?
      • Opto., Displays, RF, Networks, Control?
      • Fabrication, EDA Tools, Design ?
      • Manufacturing, Quality?
      • IT & ICT Technology?
      .. Away from the worlds of business, finance and politics, Dr Cable is known to be a keen ballroom dancer. He has a "serious ambition" to appear on television show Strictly Come Dancing.
      As Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills he has a series of issues in his in-tray, including energy security, job creation, promotion of trade and industry as well on-going debates about the future of institutions such as the Royal Mail.
      David Frost, director general of the British Chambers of Commerce, said: "Vince Cable understands business and is popular with many small and medium-sized companies".
    • We Need to Illustrate ...
      What our Science/Technology is
      Why ‘they’ need to care about it
      Our Role in it
      In Terms applicable to our Cro-Magnon psychology ...
      Identity: A Distinct Name; a Bogey Man; a Banner.
      Threat: Be afraid; be very afraid! (If you don’t look after it)
      Reward: Sex appeal; Successful; Stylish; Money
      Distinct from IT and ICT (which have a misleading and bad image)
      ... To Everybody, at Every Opportunity!
    • “Electronic Systems” a ‘New’ Inclusive Identity
      Excellent intuitive understanding for those with technical knowledge
      Easily explained to those with limited backgrounds
      Can be prefixed “Smart” and “Intelligent” as appropriate
      Intuitively includes of ...
      HW, SW, System and Methodology
      Life-Cycle activities throughout
      Philosophy, Science, Engineering and Business
      Defined to Include ...
      Visible (Self contained) ..and.. Invisible (Embedded) Systems
      Mechatronic Systems
      IT and ICT Systems
      ... TV, Transport, Logistics, Business, Industrial Control, POS, Communications, Networks, Optics, Displays, Lighting, Organic, Data, Security, RF, Analogue, Digital, Semi-Conductors, Integrated Circuits, Components, Sub-Systems. ...Tools & Methods ... Manufacture & Test ... Science & Technology.
    • A Simple Public Message of Dependence
      Electronic Systems Permeate our lives today ...
      Visibly and Invisibly they underpin most of the improved services and exciting new products in our lives! (IT and ICT are included in this)
      ... With huge direct and indirect contribution to the UK Economy.
      Further electronic miniaturisation (Moore’s Law) will fuel the Ubiquity ofSmart Electronic Systems tomorrow ...
      They will underpin all advances in Business and Society
      They will underpin all Environmental and Sustainableactions
      They will be the outcome of distributed international activities
      They will underpin every aspect of our lives ...
      ... They will be largely invisible; yet we will be totally dependent on them!
      ... The UK must maintain a share of pre-eminent, valued, roles throughout the life-cycles of Electronic Systems, to avoid reliance on the continued beneficence of other Nations! 1
      Threat Message
      Not confused by Technology Detail
      1: NMI letter to Vince Cable. Jun10
    • The UK’s role in Electronic Systems
      No single country or company makes entire Electronic Systems today ... Less so tomorrow.
      Created by hierarchical global business cooperation.
      Operations contribute their valued (specialist) skills into their Life-Cycles in may ways and many positions.
      And they contribute to their local economies as they do so.
      The UK is a respected contributor throughout the Life-Cycle.
      Thousands of companies, hundreds of thousands of employees, ~£30Bpa direct GDP contribution.
      Predominantly small businesses from Science via Methods and Design to Manufacturing. Often with ‘different’ business models.
      ... The UK only needs to maintain a proportional position to avoid over dependence on the beneficence of others
      Achievable Reward
      Not confused by Technology Detail
    • You and Electronic Systems
      Enables you to position your work in relationship to a ‘model’ the Public can understand.
      “I am an important ‘x’ provider into the Electronic Systems which you love so much and on which we all depend”.
      “I am researching into ‘y’ a technology which will enable the next generations of Electronic Systems to be Smarter, Cheaper, Better Quality, Self Powered, etc.”
      ... Yet can be elaborated on for the Technical Audience ...
      Deposited oxides on Ge.
      Computer architectures
      Languages
      Methods
      Mathematical Modelling
      DSP
      Business Model
    • Electronic Systems andIndustry Association(s)
      Has given NMI the opportunity to talk to the Minister on our behalf about the special interests of our group of members ...
      Who does what? What are we good at? Do we contribute?
      What would we like Gov. to do for us?
      Has presented a context to respond to the Technology and Innovation Centres (TIC) call from TSB ...
      So what do we want to achieve from this?
      New members who now perceive the relevance to them ...
      Up 6 in last month –
      Wind River, Perforce, Thales Technology & Research, Thin Film Equipment, Deposition Technology, University of Manchester.
      2 more in the pipeline – Goodrich and Innotec
      Increasing the value of the Network to each of us.
    • Putting ‘Smart’ into Electronic Systems
      We help people to designSmart Electronic Systemswhich the World uses!
      Not a ‘Traditional Business’
    • ADDR[31:0]
      Address
      Incrementer
      Scan Debug Control
      Incrementer
      Address Register
      PC
      CFGBIGEND
      CLK
      CLKEN
      Register Bank
      PC Update
      WRITE
      Instruction
      Decoder
      SIZE[1:0]
      Decode Stage
      nIRQ
      nFIQ
      B
      Bus
      Instruction Decompression
      A
      Bus
      ALU
      Bus
      nRESET
      Multiplier
      and
      ABORT
      TRANS
      PROT
      Barrel
      Shifter
      Control Logic
      LOCK
      CPnOPC
      CPnCPI
      CPA
      Read Data Register
      Write Data Register
      32 Bit ALU
      CPB
      RDATA[31:0]
      WDATA[31:0]
      The ARM RISC CPU Core
    • 2140UW 8xARM966 from Agere
      c1998
      The ‘Lego-Brick’ IP Concept
      Disruption to the Status-Quo
    • More and More System on a Chip
      Users require a pocket ‘Super-Computer’ ...
      Silicon Technology Provides a few-Billion raw transistors ...
      ARM’s IP makes it Practical to utilise them ...
      • 10 Programmable Processors
      • 4 x A9 Processors (2x2):
      • 4 x MALI 400 Fragment Proc:
      • 1 x MALI 400 Vertex Proc.
      • 1 x MALI Video CoDec
      • Software Stacks, OS’s and Design Tools/
      • ARM Technology giveschip/system designers a good start. And ...
      • Improves Productivity
      • Improves TTM
      • Improves Quality/Certainty
    • ARM Technology
      Electronic System products incorporate more and more ARM technology –Processor, Multimedia and Software IP
      Processor IP – Design of the brain of the chip
      Physical IP – Design of the building blocks of the chip
      Software & Development tools
      ... 700 Partners; 600 Licences in 200 Companies... Millions of developers; Billions of users
    • The World’s Favourite IP Provider
      1990 - "A barn in Cambridge"
      12 engineers, in Cambridge
      No Revenue, No Patents
      Cash from Apple & VLSI
      Spin-out of Acorn UK ...
      BBC Computers in Schools (1981)
      Roots in Uo.Cambridge (c1975)
      ... A Dream to become the Global Standard for Embedded CPUs
      2011 - "The worlds leading IP Product"
      Powering >90% of the smart Electronic Systems in the world
      6BCPUs shipped in 2010 ... Growth ~25%pa; 30B total (>50x all PCs!)
      FTSE 100 company: Revenue ~£406M, PBT ~32%, R&D ~30%
      Cambridge HQ: 25offices/labs 1900people ww (750 in the UK)
      95% revenue is foreign earnings
    • Slip Electronic Systems Into Your World ...
      Use the Term; tell the Story!
      Tell your mum/dad, tell your friends
      Use it in your reports
      Use it consistently, use it correctly ...
      Don’t use it Out of Context
      Remember IT and ICT are a subset of it
      Use it to illustrate Context for your work
      In Research, Titles, Institutions, Papers, Reports, Industry ...
      Always use it Capitalised and Together
      “Electronic Systems” ..not.. “Electronics” or “Systems”;“Electronics Systems” or “Elect. Sys.”
      Avoid acronyms until that audience is saturated (ES, SES, IES)
      Prefix it with “Smart” and “Intelligent” to indicate future
      ie: Older stuff is “Electronic Systems”; Current may be “Smart Electronic Systems”; Future may be “Intelligent Electronic Systems”
      ... Mission: Get everybody Using and Understanding Electronic Systems
      TI to acquire National Semiconductor5 April 2011
      DALLAS, TEXAS and SANTA CLARA, CALIF. – Texas Instruments Incorporated (TI) (NYSE: TXN) and National Semiconductor (NYSE: NSM) today announced they have signed a definitive agreement under which TI will acquire National for $25 per share in an all-cash transaction of about $6.5 billion. 
      The acquisition combines two industry leaders in analog semiconductors, each with unique strengths in delivering products to improve performance and efficiency and convert real-world signals in electronic systems. 
      The boards of directors of both companies have unanimously approved the transaction.
    • “Electronic Systems” take Our Work to The World
    • “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic!”Arthur C. Clarke.
      The End
      ... of the Beginning...
    • Reading & References
      Electronics 2015: Making a Visible Difference (Referred)
      DTI EIGT Report, HMG URN 04/1812, 2004.
      Engineering UK 2009 (and 2011): The state of engineering (Referred)
      EngineeringUK (ex Engineering Council), 2009 and 2011.
      The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail (Disruptive Tech.)
      by Clayton M. Christensen: HBS Press, 1997
      Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology (Research in 21C)
      by Henry William Chesbrough : HBS Press, 2003
      The World Is Flat (Globalisation)
      by Thomas L. Friedman: Penguin, 2005
      Staying Power (Business)
      by Michael Cusumano: Oxford, 2010
      A Short History of Nearly Everything (A different view on what we know)
      by Bill Bryson: Black Swan, 2003
      The Voyages of the Beagle (Scientific Observation) – Free on-line
      By Charles Darwin,1860
      An Essay on the Principles of Population (Natural Competition) – Free on-line
      By Thomas Malthus,1789