What are the traditional ways of dividing up

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  • 1. What are the traditional ways of dividing up the world?
  • 2. 1. First, second, third and fourth world
    Europeans = first world
    Areas they colonised = second world
    Poorer countries = third world
    Poorest of the poor = fourth world
    No place for communist countries?
  • 3. 2. North / South
    This used ECONOMY (GNP per capita) to compare wealthier and industrialised nations against poorer and more agricultural ones. A line called the North-South divide was drawn up.
    Just too simple…
  • 4.
  • 5. 3. Countries at different stages of development
    Not accepted because development is not only economic – poor countries have a rich culture and society
    LDC – less developed country
    MDC – more developed country
    SO….
    These changed to:
    LEDC / MEDC
    New category has been introduced because some LEDC’s are growing rapidly, e.g. China / India = Newly Industrialising Countries (N.I.C)
  • 6. 4. The five fold division of wealth
    Look at map – these are based on WEALTH
  • 7. Task:
    Do Activities 1 and 2 on Page 253.
  • 8. Quality of life or standard of living?
  • 9. Standard of Living
    This is a measure of economic well-being. 
    Standard of living can easily be measured by adding up the monetary value of our possessions and our jobs. 
    We can express measurements of standard of living in dollars or pounds and we can rate our standard of living by using statistics like average income, average number of vehicles, money spent of entertainment, etc. 
    All factors that affect standard of living can be measured with a price tag and can be bought and sold.
  • 10. Quality of Life
    This is more difficult to measure than standard of living since it includes economic, social, physical, political, and spiritual well-being. 
    How we rate our quality of life may be different for each individual since many of the factors deal with personal beliefs or ideologies.
    While quality of life and standard of living are not the same, they are somewhat related. 
    Standard of living is one of the factors one would include when evaluating quality of life; however, it is not true to say that quality of life always increases when standard of living rises. 
    We can tell many stories of unhappy billionaires to make the case that quality of life includes many more factors than standard of living.
    Quality of Life is measures using the
    PHYSICAL QUALITY OF LIFE INDEX (PQLI).
  • 11.
  • 12. Draw your own personal donut…
    How would it be different to a person living in an LEDC?
  • 13. Time to complete recap sheet and stick in…
    Homework, revise all to date on Development