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Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
Information systems for dent
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Information systems for dent

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Dental Informatics

Dental Informatics

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • 1. Review on Information Systems Mrs. Abegale B. Lajo Scitech Faculty / Computer Dept.
  • 2. CBIS <ul><li>A computer-based information system (CBIS) is a data processing system that consists hardware, software, databases, telecommunications, people, and procedures that are designed to collect, manipulate, store and process data into information. </li></ul>
  • 3. I.T. <ul><li>IT refers to the technology components of hardware, software, databases, and telecommunications. </li></ul>
  • 4. Hardware <ul><li>Hardware comprises of computer equipment used to perform input, processing, and output operations. </li></ul>
  • 5. Software <ul><li>Software are the computer programs that supervise the operation of the computer. </li></ul>
  • 6. Database <ul><li>Database is a collection of data that is organized so that its contents can easily be accessed, managed and updated. </li></ul>
  • 7. People <ul><li>People as a component of CBIS, people include the personnel of the information systems who manage, run, program, and maintain the system. </li></ul>
  • 8. Procedures <ul><li>Procedures include the policies, strategies, methods, and rules of using the CBIS. </li></ul>
  • 9. Telecommunication <ul><li>Telecommunication is the electronic transmission of signals for communications, which enables organization to carry out their processes and tasks through effective computer networks 1 . </li></ul>
  • 10. E-commerce <ul><li>Electronic commerce or E-commerce consists of the buying, selling, marketing, and servicing of products or services over computer networks. </li></ul>
  • 11. M-commerce <ul><li>Mobile commerce or m-commerce involves transactions conducted anywhere and anytime with the use of wireless communications. </li></ul>
  • 12. Transaction Processing Systems <ul><li>Transaction processing is designed to maintain a database by ensuring that any operations carried out on the database that are interdependent are either all completed successfully or all cancelled successfully. </li></ul>
  • 13. Enterprise Resource Planning <ul><li>An enterprise resource planning (ERP) system is a set of integrated programs capable of managing business operations, including product planning, parts purchasing, maintaining inventories, interacting with suppliers, providing customer service, and tracking orders. </li></ul>
  • 14. Enterprise Resource Planning <ul><li>Ideally, ERP delivers a single database that contains all data for the software modules (stand-alone applications), which would include: </li></ul>
  • 15. <ul><li>Manufacturing  </li></ul><ul><li>Supply chain management  </li></ul><ul><li>Financials  </li></ul><ul><li>Project management  </li></ul><ul><li>Human resources  </li></ul><ul><li>Customer relationship management  </li></ul><ul><li>Data warehouse and various self-service interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Access control </li></ul><ul><li>Customization </li></ul>
  • 16. <ul><li>Manufacturing  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering, bills of material, scheduling, capacity, workflow management, quality control, cost management, manufacturing process, manufacturing projects, manufacturing flow </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. <ul><li>Supply chain management  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Order to cash, inventory, order entry, purchasing, product configurator, supply chain planning, supplier scheduling, inspection of goods, claim processing, commission calculation </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. <ul><li>Financials  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General ledger, cash management, accounts payable, accounts receivable, fixed assets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project management  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Costing, billing, time and expense, performance units, activity management </li></ul></ul>
  • 19. <ul><li>Human resources  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human resources, payroll, training, time and attendance, rostering, benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customer relationship management  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales and marketing, commissions, service, customer contact and call center support </li></ul></ul>
  • 20. <ul><li>Data warehouse and various self-service interfaces for customers, suppliers, and employees </li></ul><ul><li>Access control - user privilege as per authority levels for process execution </li></ul><ul><li>Customization - to meet the extension, addition, change in process flow </li></ul>
  • 21. <ul><li>To be considered an ERP system, a software package must provide the function of at least two systems. </li></ul><ul><li>QAD has been recognized as a leading provider of enterprise resource planning (ERP) software applications for global manufacturing companies. </li></ul>
  • 22. MIS <ul><li>A management information system, or MIS, is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices used to provide routine information to managers and decision makers. </li></ul>
  • 23. MIS In order to provide past, present and prediction information , an MIS can include software that helps in decision making, data resources such as databases, the hardware resources of a system, decision support systems,
  • 24. <ul><li>people management and project management applications, and any computerized processes that enable the department to run efficiently. </li></ul>
  • 25. <ul><li>MIS provides a large group of problem solvers with information to solve a wide range of problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Other names for MIS include IS (Information Services) and IT (Information Technology). </li></ul>
  • 26. DSS <ul><li>Decision support system, or DSS, is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices used to support business and organizational decision-making activities. </li></ul>
  • 27. DSS <ul><li>coined by G. Anthony Gorry and Michael S. Scott Morton </li></ul><ul><li>A system that is developed to assist a single manager or small group of managers solve a single problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: determining the best commission rate for the sales force. </li></ul>
  • 28. <ul><li>DSS Vendors: </li></ul><ul><li>Information Builders and iWay Software Professional Services specialize in building custom-tailored Web decision support systems. </li></ul>
  • 29. Artificial intelligence includes: Playing games : training computers to engage in recreation. Expert systems : training computers to formulate decisions in real-life situations. Natural language : programming computers to know natural individual languages.
  • 30. Artificial intelligence includes: Neural networks : Systems that replicate intellect by attempting to copy the types of substantial relations that take place in animal brains. Robotics : training computers to find out and listen to and act in response to other sensory stimuli.
  • 31. Expert System <ul><li>Expert system is a system that gives a computer the ability to make suggestions and act like an expert in a particular field. </li></ul>
  • 32. Managers as Information System Users <ul><li>Management Levels </li></ul><ul><li>Business Areas </li></ul>
  • 33. Management Levels <ul><li>coined by Robert N. Anthony, a management theorist. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>         Top </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>         Middle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>         Lower </li></ul></ul>
  • 34. Management Levels <ul><li>Top level – strategic planning level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>   Recognizes the impact that their decisions have on the entire organizations for years to come. </li></ul></ul>
  • 35. Management Levels <ul><li>Middle level – management control level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>   Has the responsibility to put plans into action and to ensure that goals are met. </li></ul></ul>
  • 36. Management Levels <ul><li>Lower level – operational control level </li></ul><ul><ul><li> Responsible for accomplishing the plans specified by managers on upper levels since it is here that operations of the firm occur. </li></ul></ul>
  • 37. Business Areas <ul><li>3 Traditional Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>         Marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>         Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>         Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recently Added Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>         Human resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>         Information services </li></ul></ul>
  • 38. Management Functions <ul><ul><li> developed by Henri Fayol </li></ul></ul><ul><li>     P lan what they are to do </li></ul><ul><li>     O rganize to meet the plan </li></ul><ul><li>   S taff their organization with the necessary resources </li></ul><ul><li>     Di rect them to execute the plan </li></ul><ul><li>    Con trol the resources, keeping them on course. </li></ul>
  • 39. Managerial Roles <ul><li> Developed by Henry Mintzberg that involve interpersonal, informational, and decisional activities </li></ul>
  • 40. Interpersonal Roles <ul><li>   Figurehead. The manager performs ceremonial duties, such as giving visiting dignitaries tours of the facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>    Leader. The manger maintains the unit by hiring and training the staff and providing motivation and encouragement. </li></ul><ul><li>Liaison. The manager makes contacts with persons outside the </li></ul>
  • 41. Informational Roles <ul><li>   Monitor. The manager constantly looks for information bearing on the performance of the unit. The manager’s sensory preceptors scan both the internal activity of the unit and its environment. </li></ul><ul><li> Disseminator. The manager passes valuable information along to others in the unit. </li></ul>
  • 42. Informational Roles <ul><li> Spokesperson. The manager passes valuable information along to those outside the unit – superiors and persons in the environment. </li></ul>
  • 43. Decisional Roles <ul><li> Entrepreneur. The manager makes rather permanent improvements to the unit, such as changing the organizational structure. </li></ul><ul><li>   Disturbance handler. The manager reacts to unanticipated event, such as the devaluation of the dollar in a foreign country where the firm has operations. </li></ul>
  • 44. Decisional Roles <ul><li>    Resource allocator. The manager controls the purse strings of the unit, determining which subsidiary units get which resources. </li></ul><ul><li>    Negotiator. The manager resolves disputes both within the unit and between the units and the environment. </li></ul>

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