Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
HT&M – Management
Health and Safety
Awareness
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Outline of session
 Who are we
 Outcomes of session
 Why health and safety?
 Safety...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Who are we?
• Newcastle University Health and Safety Office
• A team of health and safe...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Outcomes of session
 By the end of the session you should
have a basic awareness of th...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Outcomes of session
 This session contributes towards the module aims
to:
• be familia...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Why Health and Safety 1
A Roman Perspective
 Lead miners were known to die early
 Sla...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Development of UK
Legislation
 Mid C19th the first Factories Acts
 Various other indu...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Why Health and Safety 3
Motivations
The four main motivations are:
 Economic benefit
R...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Health and Safety at Work Act
(HASAWA)
 Covers all work activities
 Requires Safety P...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
HASAWA S2
“It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure,
so far as is reasonably pr...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
HASAWA S3
Employers must
ensure, so far as is
reasonably practicable,
that persons not ...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Museum Prosecuted !
 Geological samples on
show
 Some samples
radioactive
 Courts - ...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
HASAWA S7
“It shall be the duty of every employee while
at work”
 to take reasonable c...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
HASAWA S8
“No person shall intentionally or
recklessly interfere with or misuse
anythin...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Statute/Criminal Law
 HSWA and Regulations
 Breaches are criminal offences
 Purpose ...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Common/Civil Law
 Based on a general duty of care and
negligence
 Derived from judici...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
The Costs of Failure
 Failure to manage health and safety can result
in:
• prosecution...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Hypothetical Case Story
 Member of public trips on stairs, is the
museum liable?
 Doe...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Safety Management
 The Safety Policy
– Required by HASAWA
 The Risk Assessment
– Requ...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Safety Management
 Imperative for good business management
 Public enquiry‟s continua...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Risk Assessment
Risk Assessments identify
 Main hazards
 Who is at risk
 Probability...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
What Risk Assessments are
needed here?
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Risk Assessment –
Further Assistance
HSE website links are particularly good – especial...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
The Dark Arts
Examples of things to look at.
How safe are your electrics?
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
How do you change
the light bulb?
Can „little Jim‟ fall between the
balustrades?
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
What risks are present here – and how
are they controlled?
Look at :
Falls from
height,...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Fire and Emergency Escape
issues
• How do you
know to leave if
your deaf?
• How does th...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
How good is that glass?
 This glass was
measured at 2mm
thick.
 So what are you
going...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Now where do I go next?
No apologies for the picture quality.
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Violence at Work
How are the staff
going to be
protected against
violence e.g.
theft of...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Little Jim
likes the
Rhino –
the horn is
nice and
sharp and
his baby
brother sits
in fr...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Now Little
Jim still
likes the
Rhino –
but cannot
get to
climb on
the horn
because
the ...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Who looks after the
maintenance?
 All that roofline and windows.
 “Work at Height Reg...
Safety Office
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Conclusions
 Safety management is necessary
but need not be hard
 Look for problems
L...
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Ht&m h&s-2012.ppt

  1. 1. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk HT&M – Management Health and Safety Awareness
  2. 2. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Outline of session  Who are we  Outcomes of session  Why health and safety?  Safety law  Safety management  Risk assessment  Dark arts
  3. 3. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Who are we? • Newcastle University Health and Safety Office • A team of health and safety professionals • We have seen the effects of getting it wrong – Serious Injuries – Prosecutions – Notices – Publicity • We want you to get it right
  4. 4. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Outcomes of session  By the end of the session you should have a basic awareness of the Health and Safety issues of managing a museum or other attraction.  And an indication of where to go for more information and assistance
  5. 5. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Outcomes of session  This session contributes towards the module aims to: • be familiar with the requirements of health and safety legislation in the public and private areas of a museum, gallery or heritage site • be familiar with the issues relating to children and volunteers in the heritage sector • have begun to understand the importance of training • be familiar with the concept of strategic planning • be aware of the importance of developing policies, procedures and good practice in the management of people, including communications, involvement and motivation
  6. 6. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Why Health and Safety 1 A Roman Perspective  Lead miners were known to die early  Slaves were sent to the mines as a punishment  Finally link between lead and ill health established  Lead is now recognized as a neuro-toxin and poison More recently in the USA it was proposed that only old people work with asbestos as they won‟t have time to die from asbestosis
  7. 7. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Development of UK Legislation  Mid C19th the first Factories Acts  Various other industry specific safety Acts  The Flixborough Disaster  The Robens Commission  1974 The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act  Risk Assessed regulation as the new „fashion‟
  8. 8. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Why Health and Safety 3 Motivations The four main motivations are:  Economic benefit Reduced losses – accidents cost a lot – mostly uninsurable  Moral Imperative Seen to be bad to kill people – Clapham Junction  Legal imperative Not good for business to get prosecuted  Institutional drive Organisation wants to ensure it knows what it is doing and why – so establishes rules and policies
  9. 9. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA)  Covers all work activities  Requires Safety Policies (all but smallest Co‟s.)  “So far as is reasonably practicable”  Applies to the Self Employed  Uses Regulations and Approved Codes of Practice for the details.
  10. 10. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk HASAWA S2 “It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all his employees.” Especially by: - Maintenance of plant - Safe handling of materials - Instruction and training - Safe and Healthy workplaces
  11. 11. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk HASAWA S3 Employers must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that persons not in their employment are not exposed to risks to their health and safety. E.g. members of the public, children, contractors etc.
  12. 12. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Museum Prosecuted !  Geological samples on show  Some samples radioactive  Courts - a danger to public  HASAWA S 3(1) and Ionising Radiations Regulations prosecution
  13. 13. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk HASAWA S7 “It shall be the duty of every employee while at work”  to take reasonable care for the health and safety of himself and of other persons who may be affected by his acts or omissions at work;  to co-operate with his employer so far as is necessary to enable that duty to be complied with.
  14. 14. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk HASAWA S8 “No person shall intentionally or recklessly interfere with or misuse anything provided in the interests of health, safety or welfare in pursuance of any of the relevant statutory provisions.” Use of fire extinguishers to hold open fire doors – is it illegal?
  15. 15. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Statute/Criminal Law  HSWA and Regulations  Breaches are criminal offences  Purpose is preventative and punishment  Penalties are fines (not insured) and prison (rare)  Enforced by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
  16. 16. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Common/Civil Law  Based on a general duty of care and negligence  Derived from judicial precedent  Purpose is compensation (insured costs)  Action taken by an individual (civil court)  Employers are vicariously liable for employee actions  Maybe contributory negligence by employee
  17. 17. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk The Costs of Failure  Failure to manage health and safety can result in: • prosecution, fines and imprisonment • compensation claims • loss of output or service • replacement costs • loss of reputation
  18. 18. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Hypothetical Case Story  Member of public trips on stairs, is the museum liable?  Does it change it if the carpet is loose?  What if the stairs were outside?  What if the lights had failed?  What other factors could be in play?
  19. 19. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Safety Management  The Safety Policy – Required by HASAWA  The Risk Assessment – Required by the “Management Regulations” 1999  Emergency Plans – Required for some instances – e.g. fire evacuation, – especially for disabled persons
  20. 20. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Safety Management  Imperative for good business management  Public enquiry‟s continually identify failure of safety management as the prime cause of disasters. Herald of Free Enterprise / Costa Concordia Bradford Fire / Hillsbrough Hatfield/ Clapham rail crashes Piper Alpha  Risk Assessment is main driver for all new safety legislation worldwide
  21. 21. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Risk Assessment Risk Assessments identify  Main hazards  Who is at risk  Probability of event happening  How to protect against the event  What is “reasonably practicable”  What records need to be kept Easy method for Risk Assessment is provided by the HSE and called the “5 Steps” method. See HSE website at www.hse.gov.uk and look in the free leaflets section. See www.hse.gov.uk/risk/index.htm See www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg163.pdf
  22. 22. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk What Risk Assessments are needed here?
  23. 23. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Risk Assessment – Further Assistance HSE website links are particularly good – especially An Introduction to health and safety www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg259.pdf Five Steps to Risk Assessment www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg163.pdf The University Safety Office website http://www.safety.ncl.ac.uk/ IOSH (Institution of Occupational Safety and Health) www.iosh.co.uk (IOSH is one of the worlds bodies for safety professionals)
  24. 24. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk The Dark Arts Examples of things to look at. How safe are your electrics?
  25. 25. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk How do you change the light bulb? Can „little Jim‟ fall between the balustrades?
  26. 26. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk What risks are present here – and how are they controlled? Look at : Falls from height, Access (DDA), Egress, Security, Lighting, Falling objects, Smoke and Fire control.
  27. 27. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Fire and Emergency Escape issues • How do you know to leave if your deaf? • How does the wheelchair user evacuate? • Who uses the Evac chair and are they trained for it? • If there is a fire where do you go? • How do I raise the alarm?
  28. 28. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk How good is that glass?  This glass was measured at 2mm thick.  So what are you going to do about it?
  29. 29. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Now where do I go next? No apologies for the picture quality.
  30. 30. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Violence at Work How are the staff going to be protected against violence e.g. theft of the takings?
  31. 31. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Little Jim likes the Rhino – the horn is nice and sharp and his baby brother sits in front just right to push…
  32. 32. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Now Little Jim still likes the Rhino – but cannot get to climb on the horn because the shrubs are sharp …
  33. 33. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Who looks after the maintenance?  All that roofline and windows.  “Work at Height Regulations” So if you are not to use ladders how do you clean windows?  Don‟t forget you also have a duty to the contractors.
  34. 34. Safety Office www.safety.ncl.ac.uk Conclusions  Safety management is necessary but need not be hard  Look for problems Look for solutions  Get advice and assistance when you need it  Don’t Panic !

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