Water for a food secure world - Dr. Colin Chartres

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Water for a food-secure world
What does IWMI do to combat food and water security?

Dr. Colin Chartres
IWMI HQ, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka
September 20th, 2010

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  • Change slide on “traditional govt groups”
  • Change slide at “sustainable basis”
  • Change slide at “existing pressures here”
  • Change slide at “people accessing that water”
  • Added a different pic in this case …Change slide at “core business”
  • Change slide at “as an international community”
  • Change slide at “food production and water”
  • Change slide at “supply to domestic users”
  • Water for a food secure world - Dr. Colin Chartres

    1. 1. Water for a food-secure worldWhat does IWMI do to combat food and water security?<br />Colin Chartres<br />IWMI HQ, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka<br />September 20th, 2010<br />
    2. 2. “ We have a looming water crisis. This crisis is the response to growing population, changing dietary habits, and competition for water from other sectors of the economy. Lack of water for growing food will be one of the most critical issues for us to overcome in the twenty-first century.”<br /> - Colin Chartres & Samyuktha Varma, <br />Authors, Out of water: from abundance to scarcity and how to solve the world's water problems,2010.<br />
    3. 3. Today’s Agenda<br />To highlight concerns regarding water and food crises<br />Photo credit: IWMI<br />Photo credit: IWMI<br />
    4. 4. We are living in a fast changing world<br />9 billion people by 2050<br />Global food chains disadvantage smallholders<br />Collapsing fish stocks<br />Food crises<br />Climate change<br />E-Comms<br />Energy crises<br />Networked science<br />Water scarcity<br />Deforestation, soil erosion and exhaustion <br />Urbanization<br />Growth of private sector<br />Dietary change<br />Strength of BRICs<br />Economies of scale<br />Source: Image taken from www.google.com<br />increasing challenges – increasing opportunities<br />
    5. 5. Drivers of food and water scarcity<br />The major drivers of water scarcity and food security are:<br />Population growth<br />(6.7 billion today to 9.0 billion in 2050)<br />Dietary change<br />Urbanisation<br />Globalisation<br />Biofuel production<br />Climate Change<br />Photo credit: Nico Sepe<br />
    6. 6. Poverty and Population<br />Population growth, dietary change and poverty and malnutrition will be key drivers with respect to agriculture<br />Source: Geographic Domain Analysis to Support the Targeting, Prioritization & Design of a CGIAR Mega-Project (MP) Portfolio. Draft Progress Report. September 9, 2009.<br />
    7. 7. Water scarcity will handicap efforts for food security<br />IWMI :<br />Source: Adapted from the Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture. 2007.<br />
    8. 8. Comprehensive Assessment Scenario: Policies for productivity gains, upgrading rainfed areas, revitalized irrigation & trade<br />Based on WaterSim analysis for the Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture<br />
    9. 9. The Paradox and the Challenge<br />Feeding another <br />2.5 billion people with<br />less water for agriculture than we have now<br />Photo credit: Nico Sepe<br />
    10. 10. So what does IWMI do to combat food and water scarcity?<br />Identification of major issues<br />Development of technical solutions<br />Development of policy options<br />Photo credit: IWMI<br />Photo credit: IWMI<br />
    11. 11. 1.Issue identification: Water supply vs. demand gaps<br />
    12. 12. 2. Technical solutions<br />e.g.:<br />Using clay to ameliorate sandy soils in Thailand<br />Improving the way wastewater is managed in vegetable production<br />Promoting water storage to insure farmers against climate change<br />Photo credit: IWMI<br />Photo credit: Nico Sepe<br />Photo credit: IWMI<br />
    13. 13. 3. Policy options<br />e.g. Jyotigramin Gujarat:<br />Photo credit: IWMI<br /><ul><li>Issue was over-pumping of groundwater because of subsidised electricity
    14. 14. Solutionprovided by IWMI was separation of supply to villages and pumps</li></ul>Outcome was reduced electricity use, less groundwater use, improved power supply to domestic users<br />
    15. 15. “If we are to solve the closely related problems of water scarcity and food security, we have to move forward with a truly integrative approach to these mighty challenges. The problem is that we have a very limited time frame in which to do this.”<br /> - Colin Chartres & Samyuktha Varma, <br /> Authors, Out of water: from abundance to scarcity and how to solve the world's water problems,2010.<br />For more information, please visit: www.iwmi.org<br />

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