Poster: Urban sanitation: entrepreneurships among the urban poor for waste recycli…


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Urban sanitation: entrepreneurships among the urban poor for waste recycling in Patancheru, AP [Andhra Pradesh], India

Authors: Schmitt, V. A.;Amerasinghe,Priyanie [IWMI]; Forster, D.; Vadloori, Bharadwajan [IWMI]; Niggli, U.

Poster presented at the 3rd International Conference on Research for Development (ICRD 2012) Research for
Global Transformation, Bern, Switzerland, 20 - 22 August 2012.

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Poster: Urban sanitation: entrepreneurships among the urban poor for waste recycli…

  1. 1. Urban sanitation: Entrepreneurships among the urbanpoor for waste recycling in Patancheru, AP, IndiaVincent A. Schmitt1, Priyanie Amerasinghe2, Dionys Forster3, Bharadwaja Vadloori2, Urs Niggli3Urban sanitation is a growing problem in rapidly growing cities. This study was aimed atestablishing small-scale businesses, that prepare compost from the organic fraction of citywaste.Photo 1: Municipal waste is usually Photo 2: Organic Photo 3: Compost Photo 4: A compost pile left for maturing incollected along the road site waste is collected pile is turned for Patancheru for composting aerationIntroduction Preliminary ResultsUrban sanitation is a growing problem in cities that are • The urban sanitation and health, and communitydeveloping fast. This is reflected in the Greater Hyderabad development cells of GHMC played a key role in theMunicipal Corporation (GHMC) area, where an annual identification of suitable beneficiaries and site selection.urbanization rate of 4.7 % has been reported. The wastegeneration is estimated at 2,3 mt per day. Biodegradables • The promoter group comprised six women and were able to register as a welfare-society. They can now avail(52 %) are mixed with non-degradables, and decomposing themselves of government subsidies.piles of waste is a common site. This has resulted in odourproblems and reduced environmental sanitation, especially, • As part of the partnership agreement the municipalitywhere the waste has not been collected in time. provided the space, water and transport for the composting plant, which was successfully linked into theObjective daily routine so as to avoid an extra cost to the administration.The project aimed at developing entrepreneurships, amongthe urban poor, and facilitated small-scale business ideas • The organic fraction of waste, 14286 kg per day inthat recycle the organic fraction of the municipal waste, in Patancheru, was easily obtained from vegetable marketsan attempt to reduce environmental pollution and enhance and city waste and recycled to approximately 4 tons oflivelihood incomes as well as revitalise peri-urban soils. compost containing 43 kg N, 13 kg P, and 38 kg K. However, C-rich material (sugar can trash, wood chops)Material and Methods was deficient and had to be collected from elsewhere to prepare compost product that was of high quality.Between August 2011 and January 2012, a public-privatepartnership was developed between the municipality of • Training materials and awareness campaigns had to bePatancheru and a womens self-help group. Small-scale an integral part of the entrepreneurship development.composting units were developed after a participatory Sustainability requires constant contact and motivationdiagnosis of institutions and stakeholders, selection of within the first year.promoters and a survey of marketing strategies. Anagronomic trial illustrated the benefits of using organiccompost in revitalising the soils, using selected crops. Conclusion The recycling of organic waste is feasible, if it can be Photo 5: organised in a participatory manner. Yet, the final product The promoter group has to be popularised, as the beneficial effects are not well with their compost product. The method of known. Coupled with demonstration trials and political compost production is campaigns, such entrepreneurships can thrive, and be an in the back ground. effective proposition for reducing pollution within cities.This poster presents part of a research project on “Fertile Soils for Peri-Urban Agriculture in Hyderabad” funded by Lonza Ltd., Switzerland1 University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany, 2 International Water Management Institute, Hyderabad, India,3 Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Switzerland