The CGIAR Research Program on
Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
Led by IWMI
The challenges facing our global food
production systems
Food security . . . Exploitation of resources . . .
The challenges
change . . . climatic, demographic, economic
We have exceeded three of the nine Planetary
boundaries – danger of greater risks and
uncertainty emerging
Agriculture is ...
How do we transform agriculture to meet
human prosperity and global sustainability?
By focusing on ecosystem services base...
A virtuous circle that triggers change to
a more resilient state
S
SRecurrent droughts,
increasing climate
variability, po...
Benefit sharing mechanisms in the Andes
Fuquene, Colombia
S
Annual net income:
US$ 2,183/ha
Annual net income:
US$ 1,870/h...
4. Variability
management
3. Addressing
degradation
1. Harnessing
productivity
2. Business
models
. . . with targeted interventions in 7 focal regions
Examples of WLE integrated work in
Africa
Land Degradation is a Classic
‘Wicked Problem’
Now is an exciting
time for renewed
coordinated efforts
towards a ‘land
deg...
Advances in research
Social Science
CIRAD
IWMI, CPWF, CIAT, WRI
Inclusion of the people’s voice
within the scientific rese...
Soil Science RS/GIS
CIAT, ICRAF, CU, ISRIC, Purdue,
FAO-GSP, countries in sub-
Saharan Africa and Latin America
Diagnosing...
Ecosystem Services
Trade-off Analysis
Environmental Economics
IFPRI, Bioversity, CIAT, IWMI, CPWF, ELD
Costs of Action vs....
Study Landscapes in Focal Regions
+/-10 Study
Landscapes
Tanzania, Malawi, Kenya,
Ethiopia, Ghana, Burkina
Faso, Niger, La...
Gender, Poverty and
Institutions
Gender embedded
Towards:
• More equitable access to water,
land and ecosystems services
• Improved decision making - inclu...
Ecosystem Services as
a result of
poverty alleviation
Ecosystem Services as
means to
poverty alleviation
0
20
40
60
80
100
1-Oct-80
1-Nov-80
1-Dec-80
1-Jan-81
1-Feb-81
1-Mar-81
1-Apr-81
1-May-81
1-Jun-81
1-Jul-81
1-Aug-81
1-Sep...
Ecosystem Services by
whom and for whom?
Rainfall
less than 900 mmyr-1
Greater
than 900 mmyr-1
F. Kizito (CIAT)
Our vision:
A world in which agriculture thrives within
vibrant ecosystems, where communities
have higher incomes, improve...
Issues for discussion
What is the relevance of an ecosystem services
based approach to unlock agricultural
productivity in...
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The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)

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The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) combines the resources of 11 CGIAR centers and numerous international, regional and national partners to provide an integrated approach to natural resource management research. This program is led by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI). This presentation provides an overview of the thematic areas that the research is categorized into as well as the focal regions where we work.

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The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)

  1. 1. The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) Led by IWMI
  2. 2. The challenges facing our global food production systems Food security . . . Exploitation of resources . . .
  3. 3. The challenges change . . . climatic, demographic, economic
  4. 4. We have exceeded three of the nine Planetary boundaries – danger of greater risks and uncertainty emerging Agriculture is the dominant contributing factor and the solution
  5. 5. How do we transform agriculture to meet human prosperity and global sustainability? By focusing on ecosystem services based approaches that • increase agricultural production and • strengthen people’s livelihoods
  6. 6. A virtuous circle that triggers change to a more resilient state S SRecurrent droughts, increasing climate variability, poor connection to markets Local markets Producers self-esteem Improved rangeland production replacing US$15 / goat of stock feed value Improved livestock: US$ 50 per goat Goat mortality down to 10% Rainfed maize cropping: US$16/ha Livestock: US$10 per goat
  7. 7. Benefit sharing mechanisms in the Andes Fuquene, Colombia S Annual net income: US$ 2,183/ha Annual net income: US$ 1,870/ha Conservation agriculture and paramo restoration supported by revolving fund Revolving fund credit: +180 farmers /year Potato cropping, grazing pressure, degradation of paramo
  8. 8. 4. Variability management 3. Addressing degradation 1. Harnessing productivity 2. Business models
  9. 9. . . . with targeted interventions in 7 focal regions
  10. 10. Examples of WLE integrated work in Africa
  11. 11. Land Degradation is a Classic ‘Wicked Problem’ Now is an exciting time for renewed coordinated efforts towards a ‘land degradation neutral (or better!) world’ More than 95 million ha of arable land, or 75% of the total in SSA has degraded or highly degraded soil Farmers lose eight million tons of soil nutrients each year, estimated to be worth $4 billion... More than 95 million ha of arable land, or 75% of the total in SSA has degraded or highly degraded soil Farmers lose eight million tons of soil nutrients each year, estimated to be worth $4 billion...
  12. 12. Advances in research Social Science CIRAD IWMI, CPWF, CIAT, WRI Inclusion of the people’s voice within the scientific research framework at many scales Wet season Dry season
  13. 13. Soil Science RS/GIS CIAT, ICRAF, CU, ISRIC, Purdue, FAO-GSP, countries in sub- Saharan Africa and Latin America Diagnosing, assessing and mapping Erosionprevalence Soil pH Volta Basin Soil Carbon Digital Soil Map Advances in research
  14. 14. Ecosystem Services Trade-off Analysis Environmental Economics IFPRI, Bioversity, CIAT, IWMI, CPWF, ELD Costs of Action vs. Cost of Inaction InVEST Framework Supply Demand Advances in research
  15. 15. Study Landscapes in Focal Regions +/-10 Study Landscapes Tanzania, Malawi, Kenya, Ethiopia, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Niger, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nicaragua, El Salvador Building on CPWF and other Programs Working with FTA CCAFS Humidtropics Dryland Systems
  16. 16. Gender, Poverty and Institutions
  17. 17. Gender embedded Towards: • More equitable access to water, land and ecosystems services • Improved decision making - inclusion in resource management Research questions: • The African farmer and her husband: Feminization of agriculture • Mother and earth: Replenishing and fostering agriculture Develop: • Investable options for women Poverty InstitutionsGender
  18. 18. Ecosystem Services as a result of poverty alleviation
  19. 19. Ecosystem Services as means to poverty alleviation
  20. 20. 0 20 40 60 80 100 1-Oct-80 1-Nov-80 1-Dec-80 1-Jan-81 1-Feb-81 1-Mar-81 1-Apr-81 1-May-81 1-Jun-81 1-Jul-81 1-Aug-81 1-Sep-81 Flow(m3s-1) Daily flow with and without floodplain Without floodplain (simulated) With floodplain (observed) Flow Regulation in the Luswishi Floodplain Understanding how ecosystems affect livelihoods M. McCartney (IWMI)
  21. 21. Ecosystem Services by whom and for whom? Rainfall less than 900 mmyr-1 Greater than 900 mmyr-1 F. Kizito (CIAT)
  22. 22. Our vision: A world in which agriculture thrives within vibrant ecosystems, where communities have higher incomes, improved food security and the ability to continuously improve their lives wle.cgiar.org
  23. 23. Issues for discussion What is the relevance of an ecosystem services based approach to unlock agricultural productivity in Africa ? What are the barriers to such an approach ?
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