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The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
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The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)

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The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) combines the resources of 11 CGIAR centers and numerous international, regional and national partners to provide an integrated approach …

The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) combines the resources of 11 CGIAR centers and numerous international, regional and national partners to provide an integrated approach to natural resource management research. This program is led by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI). This presentation provides an overview of the thematic areas that the research is categorized into as well as the focal regions where we work.

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  • 1. The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) Led by IWMI
  • 2. The challenges facing our global food production systems Food security . . . Exploitation of resources . . .
  • 3. The challenges change . . . climatic, demographic, economic
  • 4. We have exceeded three of the nine Planetary boundaries – danger of greater risks and uncertainty emerging Agriculture is the dominant contributing factor and the solution
  • 5. How do we transform agriculture to meet human prosperity and global sustainability? By focusing on ecosystem services based approaches that • increase agricultural production and • strengthen people’s livelihoods
  • 6. A virtuous circle that triggers change to a more resilient state S SRecurrent droughts, increasing climate variability, poor connection to markets Local markets Producers self-esteem Improved rangeland production replacing US$15 / goat of stock feed value Improved livestock: US$ 50 per goat Goat mortality down to 10% Rainfed maize cropping: US$16/ha Livestock: US$10 per goat
  • 7. Benefit sharing mechanisms in the Andes Fuquene, Colombia S Annual net income: US$ 2,183/ha Annual net income: US$ 1,870/ha Conservation agriculture and paramo restoration supported by revolving fund Revolving fund credit: +180 farmers /year Potato cropping, grazing pressure, degradation of paramo
  • 8. 4. Variability management 3. Addressing degradation 1. Harnessing productivity 2. Business models
  • 9. . . . with targeted interventions in 7 focal regions
  • 10. Examples of WLE integrated work in Africa
  • 11. Land Degradation is a Classic ‘Wicked Problem’ Now is an exciting time for renewed coordinated efforts towards a ‘land degradation neutral (or better!) world’ More than 95 million ha of arable land, or 75% of the total in SSA has degraded or highly degraded soil Farmers lose eight million tons of soil nutrients each year, estimated to be worth $4 billion... More than 95 million ha of arable land, or 75% of the total in SSA has degraded or highly degraded soil Farmers lose eight million tons of soil nutrients each year, estimated to be worth $4 billion...
  • 12. Advances in research Social Science CIRAD IWMI, CPWF, CIAT, WRI Inclusion of the people’s voice within the scientific research framework at many scales Wet season Dry season
  • 13. Soil Science RS/GIS CIAT, ICRAF, CU, ISRIC, Purdue, FAO-GSP, countries in sub- Saharan Africa and Latin America Diagnosing, assessing and mapping Erosionprevalence Soil pH Volta Basin Soil Carbon Digital Soil Map Advances in research
  • 14. Ecosystem Services Trade-off Analysis Environmental Economics IFPRI, Bioversity, CIAT, IWMI, CPWF, ELD Costs of Action vs. Cost of Inaction InVEST Framework Supply Demand Advances in research
  • 15. Study Landscapes in Focal Regions +/-10 Study Landscapes Tanzania, Malawi, Kenya, Ethiopia, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Niger, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nicaragua, El Salvador Building on CPWF and other Programs Working with FTA CCAFS Humidtropics Dryland Systems
  • 16. Gender, Poverty and Institutions
  • 17. Gender embedded Towards: • More equitable access to water, land and ecosystems services • Improved decision making - inclusion in resource management Research questions: • The African farmer and her husband: Feminization of agriculture • Mother and earth: Replenishing and fostering agriculture Develop: • Investable options for women Poverty InstitutionsGender
  • 18. Ecosystem Services as a result of poverty alleviation
  • 19. Ecosystem Services as means to poverty alleviation
  • 20. 0 20 40 60 80 100 1-Oct-80 1-Nov-80 1-Dec-80 1-Jan-81 1-Feb-81 1-Mar-81 1-Apr-81 1-May-81 1-Jun-81 1-Jul-81 1-Aug-81 1-Sep-81 Flow(m3s-1) Daily flow with and without floodplain Without floodplain (simulated) With floodplain (observed) Flow Regulation in the Luswishi Floodplain Understanding how ecosystems affect livelihoods M. McCartney (IWMI)
  • 21. Ecosystem Services by whom and for whom? Rainfall less than 900 mmyr-1 Greater than 900 mmyr-1 F. Kizito (CIAT)
  • 22. Our vision: A world in which agriculture thrives within vibrant ecosystems, where communities have higher incomes, improved food security and the ability to continuously improve their lives wle.cgiar.org
  • 23. Issues for discussion What is the relevance of an ecosystem services based approach to unlock agricultural productivity in Africa ? What are the barriers to such an approach ?