Influencing irrigation policy in India


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Influencing irrigation policy in India
A Success Story

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Influencing irrigation policy in India

  1. 1. Influencing irrigation<br />policy in India<br />A Success Story<br /><br /><br />
  2. 2. Irrigation has been crucial to Indian agriculture for millennia<br />
  3. 3. Irrigation has been crucial to Indian agriculture for millennia<br />but…<br />
  4. 4. the past 40 years, Indian irrigation has faced unprecedented challenges<br />
  5. 5. A new trend...<br />Infrastructure and management of large-scale irrigation schemes have deteriorated<br />Farmers are growing a wider range of crops than the old staples of rice and wheat<br />
  6. 6. In need of more flexible irrigation, Indian farmers are taking water supply into their own hands<br />Now, millions of farmers are pumping groundwater when and where they choose<br />
  7. 7. Groundwater is now the main water source for most of India’s farming areas outside large canal commands<br />Growth in groundwater use in selected countries <br />India<br />Cubic km/year<br />Source: Shah, T. (2009). Taming the Anarchy: Groundwater Governance in South Asia. Washington D.C.: RFF press.<br />Supplies are shrinking fast<br />
  8. 8. Research into action<br />The IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program began in 2000<br />
  9. 9. The mission: face the new realities of groundwater use and revitalize irrigation<br />
  10. 10. The question: how can India integrate centrally managed irrigation systems with the new trend for intensive groundwater use?<br />
  11. 11. The work of IWMI and its partners spans the globe<br />Their research allows IWMI to contribute to the work of Indian practitioners and policymakers<br />
  12. 12. As a result, groundwater use – which supports more than 80% of India’s irrigated agriculture – has become central to the irrigation debate<br />
  13. 13. The responseUS$400 million from the Indian Government…...for well recharge projects in 100 districts in 7 states where water stored in hard-rock aquifers had been overexploited<br />
  14. 14. The money will fund 7 million structures to divert monsoonal runoff and help farmers purchase equipment <br />The diversion structures include desiltation chambers and pipes to collect surplus rainwater<br />
  15. 15. Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Gujarat are already using the fund to implement groundwater recharge programs<br />
  16. 16. A leading light<br />IWMI worked with Indian policymakers on large projects in the Indus-Gangetic and Yellow River basins:<br />Photo: IRRI<br /><ul><li>Ground Governance in Asia
  17. 17. Basin Focal Project for the Indus-Gangetic Basin
  18. 18. Drip Irrigation, Capacity Building and Management Initiative for Maximizing Productivity and Income (TNDRiP Initiative)</li></li></ul><li>While considering the physical, socioeconomic, governance and policy perspectivesof groundwater...<br />...these projects asked: how can Indian agriculture use groundwater in a productive and sustainable way?<br />
  19. 19. Research is helping policymakers to develop effective groundwater management policies, such as the Punjab Preservation of Sub-Soil Water Act 2009…<br />...which has helpedcut groundwater use by 7% annually<br />Photo: IRRI<br />
  20. 20. How does the Act save water in Punjab?<br /> <br />Simply by having farmers delay paddy transplanting until after the 10th of June<br />Waiting until then avoids the extremely high evaporation of early summer <br />Photo: IRRI<br />
  21. 21. 2,180 million cubic meters of water <br /> <br />This is what IWMI estimates can be saved through this one policy – almost 1 million Olympic swimming pools <br />
  22. 22. Photo: Ian Burt<br />As well as saving 175 million kilowatt-hours of energy used for pumping – equivalent to more than 100,000 barrels of oil<br />
  23. 23. What next?<br />The Planning Commission of India has invited IWMI scientists to write a paper on the future of government irrigation projects, as well as chair a working group that will design strategies for large irrigation systems in India’s 12th Five-Year Plan<br />
  24. 24. IWMI will also examine how to rationalize the Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Program – the vehicle through which the central government provides funds to states for irrigation development<br />Photo: IRRI<br />
  25. 25. The IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program is supported by the Sir Ratan Tata Trust.<br />Collaborators<br />Indian Council of Agricultural Research<br />State irrigation departments<br />Agricultural universities<br />Non-governmental organizations<br />
  26. 26. For more information<br />IWMI report<br />Groundwater Governance in the Indo-Gangetic and Yellow River Basins: Realities and Challenges<br /><br />All IWMI publications are available online free of charge at<br />Improving the management of land and water resources for food, livelihoods and the environment<br />