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Influencing irrigation policy in India …

Influencing irrigation policy in India
A Success Story

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  • 1. Influencing irrigation
    policy in India
    A Success Story
  • 2. Irrigation has been crucial to Indian agriculture for millennia
  • 3. Irrigation has been crucial to Indian agriculture for millennia
  • 4. ...in the past 40 years, Indian irrigation has faced unprecedented challenges
  • 5. A new trend...
    Infrastructure and management of large-scale irrigation schemes have deteriorated
    Farmers are growing a wider range of crops than the old staples of rice and wheat
  • 6. In need of more flexible irrigation, Indian farmers are taking water supply into their own hands
    Now, millions of farmers are pumping groundwater when and where they choose
  • 7. Groundwater is now the main water source for most of India’s farming areas outside large canal commands
    Growth in groundwater use in selected countries
    Cubic km/year
    Source: Shah, T. (2009). Taming the Anarchy: Groundwater Governance in South Asia. Washington D.C.: RFF press.
    Supplies are shrinking fast
  • 8. Research into action
    The IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program began in 2000
  • 9. The mission: face the new realities of groundwater use and revitalize irrigation
  • 10. The question: how can India integrate centrally managed irrigation systems with the new trend for intensive groundwater use?
  • 11. The work of IWMI and its partners spans the globe
    Their research allows IWMI to contribute to the work of Indian practitioners and policymakers
  • 12. As a result, groundwater use – which supports more than 80% of India’s irrigated agriculture – has become central to the irrigation debate
  • 13. The responseUS$400 million from the Indian Government…...for well recharge projects in 100 districts in 7 states where water stored in hard-rock aquifers had been overexploited
  • 14. The money will fund 7 million structures to divert monsoonal runoff and help farmers purchase equipment
    The diversion structures include desiltation chambers and pipes to collect surplus rainwater
  • 15. Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Gujarat are already using the fund to implement groundwater recharge programs
  • 16. A leading light
    IWMI worked with Indian policymakers on large projects in the Indus-Gangetic and Yellow River basins:
    Photo: IRRI
    • Ground Governance in Asia
    • 17. Basin Focal Project for the Indus-Gangetic Basin
    • 18. Drip Irrigation, Capacity Building and Management Initiative for Maximizing Productivity and Income (TNDRiP Initiative)
  • While considering the physical, socioeconomic, governance and policy perspectivesof groundwater...
    ...these projects asked: how can Indian agriculture use groundwater in a productive and sustainable way?
  • 19. Research is helping policymakers to develop effective groundwater management policies, such as the Punjab Preservation of Sub-Soil Water Act 2009…
    ...which has helpedcut groundwater use by 7% annually
    Photo: IRRI
  • 20. How does the Act save water in Punjab?
    Simply by having farmers delay paddy transplanting until after the 10th of June
    Waiting until then avoids the extremely high evaporation of early summer
    Photo: IRRI
  • 21. 2,180 million cubic meters of water
    This is what IWMI estimates can be saved through this one policy – almost 1 million Olympic swimming pools
  • 22. Photo: Ian Burt
    As well as saving 175 million kilowatt-hours of energy used for pumping – equivalent to more than 100,000 barrels of oil
  • 23. What next?
    The Planning Commission of India has invited IWMI scientists to write a paper on the future of government irrigation projects, as well as chair a working group that will design strategies for large irrigation systems in India’s 12th Five-Year Plan
  • 24. IWMI will also examine how to rationalize the Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Program – the vehicle through which the central government provides funds to states for irrigation development
    Photo: IRRI
  • 25. The IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program is supported by the Sir Ratan Tata Trust.
    Indian Council of Agricultural Research
    State irrigation departments
    Agricultural universities
    Non-governmental organizations
  • 26. For more information
    IWMI report
    Groundwater Governance in the Indo-Gangetic and Yellow River Basins: Realities and Challenges
    All IWMI publications are available online free of charge at www.iwmi.org/Publications
    Improving the management of land and water resources for food, livelihoods and the environment