Community empowerment and participation


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Floriane Clement, IWMI
Bryan Bruns
Robert Yoder
Saa Dittoh
6th June 2013, UNESCO-IHE DELFT
Water Integrity Forum

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  • IFAD assessment (joint review missions)
  • IFAD framed problems as technical and institutional failures. Looking at the issues from a social justice perspective shows that the solutions proposed by IFAD do not address the root causes of the problems: lack of accountability and poor participation=> Hence the curriculum on community engagement
  • Community empowerment and participation

    1. 1. Photo:DavidBrazier/IWMIPhoto:TomvanCakenberghe/IWMIPhoto:DavidBrazier/IWMIPhoto:DavidBrazier/IWMIWater for a food-secure worldwww.iwmi.orgCommunityEmpowerment andParticipation:Bridging the gapbetween discoursesand practicesFloriane Clement, IWMIBryan BrunsRobert YoderSaa Dittoh6th June 2013, UNESCO-IHE DELFTWater Integrity Forum
    2. 2. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldContext: small scale irrigationprojects in five countries• High rate of “technical failure”Causes identified: lack of technical capacity,lack of supervision during construction• Low sustainability of water user groupsCauses identified: lack of institutionalarrangements and ownership of thecommunity
    3. 3. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldReframing problems• Lack of downward accountability to‘beneficiaries’• Poor involvement of the ‘beneficiaries’ indecision-making process• Poor integration of local knowledge andcustomary institutions
    4. 4. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldImproving community engagement• Project staff directly interacting with projectbeneficiaries• Building capacity• Changing behaviours and daily workingpractices
    5. 5. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldDiscourses and practices oncommunity engagement• Empowerment, participation, equity, rights-based approach• Vague, can embrace multiple meanings• Lost their original political content• Still can serve as a common ground foraction and as a bridge between socialactivitists, NGOs and bureaucrats
    6. 6. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldThree principles• Experiential process: learning by doing• Appreciative approach• Involving ‘beneficiaries’ in analysis,planning and decision-making
    7. 7. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldContent• Five days, including three in the field• Introduction, understanding methods• Interacting with a community on a realproblem and coming up with plan• Assessment of the training and follow-up
    8. 8. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldActivity Where Who?PRA methodsCase study role playClassroom TraineesAuthority briefing District HQ Trainees, DistrictauthoritiesCommunity meeting Village Trainees, CommunitySystem walk throughInterviewsVillage Trainees, CommunityParticipation in the project cycle Village TraineesAnalysis using PRA Village Trainees, CommunityDesign Discussion Village Trainees, CommunityCommunity consultation Village Trainees, CommunityTraining Assessment / Follow-up Classroom Trainees
    9. 9. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldLessons• Be modest on the number of activities• Include session to build interviewing skills• Take into account the expectations andtime constraints of the community• Connect training experience with projectrealities
    10. 10. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldBeyond building skills…• Making people from different disciplineswork together• Demonstrating that an irrigation system isnot an infrastructure but a complex social-ecological system• Initiating reflections and dialogue amongproject staff on project constraints andopportunities
    11. 11. www.iwmi.orgWater for a food-secure worldThank you!