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The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
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The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI

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The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI - Mark Giordano, International Water Management Institute (IWMI) Leader, Water and Society Theme …

The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI - Mark Giordano, International Water Management Institute (IWMI) Leader, Water and Society Theme
Presentation made to the Strategic Foresight Group
IWMI HQ, Battaramulla, 2009

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  • Hawr Al Azim is also another important issue being internationally observed! Because of the remaining of Mesopotamia marshland. However plans like Karkheh Dam and water export to Kuwait can affect this. Also Iraq did not help the plan of restoration during Saddam Hussein because of draining up the marshland for security! This area is also mine polluted and also oil –and gas rich which makes it even more important!
  • Source: Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture . 2007. Water for Food,Water for Life: A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture. London: Earthscan, and Colombo: International Water Management Institute
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    • 1. Mark Giordano (IWMI) Leader, Water and Society Theme Presentation made to the Strategic Foresight Group IWMI HQ, Battaramulla, 2009 The Transboundary Waters Program at IWMI
    • 2. <ul><li>IWMI’s core business is focused on agricultural water management and poverty, but… </li></ul><ul><li>most IWMI work is centered in transboundary basins, so </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water management often means transboundary water management </li></ul></ul>
    • 3. Africa’s 63 transboundary basins contain: 93% of the water 77% of the population
    • 4. &nbsp;
    • 5. <ul><li>IWMI’s core business is focused on agricultural water management and poverty, but… </li></ul><ul><li>most IWMI work is centered in transboundary basins, so </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water management often means transboundary water management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International cooperation can be an incredibly powerful vehicle for poverty reduction and water productivity improvement </li></ul></ul>
    • 6. 4 Key Areas of Work <ul><li>Provision of Data and International Public Goods </li></ul><ul><li>Research to Fill Key Knowledge Gaps </li></ul><ul><li>Transboundary Research within on- the-ground IWMI projects </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration and Capacity Building </li></ul>
    • 7. Data and International Public Goods <ul><li>Africa Water Law Database </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.africanwaterlaw.org </li></ul></ul>
    • 8. Source: &lt;http://www.africanwaterlaw.org/&gt;
    • 9. 1. Data and International Public Goods <ul><li>African Water Law Database </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.africanwaterlaw.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expansion and merger with the Transboundary Freshwater Disputes Database (Aaron Wolf at OSU*) </li></ul><ul><li>Publications such as Share </li></ul>*OSU- Oregon State University
    • 10. Source:. Share – Managing water across boundaries . Gland, Switzerland (2008) ,&lt;http://data.iucn.org/dbtw-wpd/edocs/2008-016.pdf&gt;
    • 11. 2. Research to Fill Key Knowledge Gaps <ul><li>Are transboundary waters a source of conflict or cooperation? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the options for climate change and variability management? </li></ul><ul><li>What are strategies for managing water quality? </li></ul><ul><li>Can data and information sharing increase cooperation? </li></ul>
    • 12. 3. Transboundary Research within on-the-ground IWMI projects <ul><li>Can a benefit sharing approach be used to overcome the impass on the Nile? </li></ul><ul><li>How might the Red Sea save the Dead Sea? </li></ul><ul><li>How to manage a transboundary irrigation canal in the former Soviet Union? </li></ul><ul><li>The politics of Environmental Impact Assessment in the Mekong </li></ul>
    • 13. Examples of Project Results <ul><li>Global paradigms-Help or hindrance? </li></ul>
    • 14. Change in the global content of transboundary water law Source: Demanding Supply Management and Supplying Demand Management: Transboundary Waters in Sub-Saharan Africa. Lautze, Jonathan and Mark Giordano. Journal of Environment and Development. 16: 290-306. 2007
    • 15. Why has it changed? Environmental concerns Source: Demanding Supply Management and Supplying Demand Management: Transboundary Waters in Sub-Saharan Africa. Lautze, Jonathan and Mark Giordano. Journal of Environment and Development. 16: 290-306. 2007
    • 16. Source: Demanding Supply Management and Supplying Demand Management: Transboundary Waters in Sub-Saharan Africa. Lautze, Jonathan and Mark Giordano. Journal of Environment and Development. 16: 290-306. 2007
    • 17. But Africa follows the Institutional trend Africa Global Source: Demanding Supply Management and Supplying Demand Management: Transboundary Waters in Sub-Saharan Africa. Lautze, Jonathan and Mark Giordano. Journal of Environment and Development. 16: 290-306. 2007
    • 18. Why and Lessons <ul><li>Norms are heavily influenced by countries with high levels of income, water resources development and related environmental priorities </li></ul><ul><li>For developing countries to take advantage of the positive, look for opportunities to leapfrog </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid the negative, watch for limits to leapfrogging-avoid global policy prescriptions and “best practices” not built on the experience of local environments. Creative acceptance of support. </li></ul>
    • 19. Examples of Project Results <ul><li>Global paradigms-Help or hindrance? </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives approaches to conflict prevention and cooperation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food policy in the Middle East/North Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groundwater banking in Central Asia </li></ul></ul>
    • 20. Food policy in the Middle East/North Africa- Example of Iran <ul><li>Fall of Shah, conflict with US/West and Iran-Iraq war made food self-sufficiency a national priority </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing wars on two borders and nuclear conflict with west give continued reason for policy </li></ul><ul><li>Result is use of water for low productivity grains that could be imported </li></ul><ul><li>Still one of the world’s largest wheat importers (from the USA!) </li></ul>
    • 21. Water Productivity in Selected Irrigation Schemes Source: Mobin Ahmad et. al, 2009, Karkheh Basin Focal Project Report, Unpublished
    • 22. Hawr Al Azim Wetland Desiccation Year 1973-76 Year 2000 Source: Mobin Ahmad et. al, 2009, Karkheh Basin Focal Project Report, Unpublished
    • 23. The potential for high politics? Source: Water for Food, Water for Life : A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture , IWMI, 2007
    • 24. Groundwater Banking in Central Asia Source: Bucknall, et al.70, Irrigation in Central Asia: Social, Economic and Environmental Considerations, The World Bank, February 2003.
    • 25. Flow of the Narin River, Uzbekistan Source: Compiled by Akmal Karimov, (IWMI-Central Asia), 2009
    • 26. Sokh Aquifer Source: Akmal Karimov, (IWMI-Central Asia), 2009
    • 27. Tentative Lessons <ul><li>Potential solution to about 50% of the current upstream/downstream issue </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a new option for enlarging the negotiating space </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatively, provides a challenge to the idea that a basin solution and riparian cooperation should be considered as the first choice option </li></ul>
    • 28. 4. Partnership Examples <ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oregon State University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addis Abba University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hebrew University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Arizona </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International Organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IUCN ( International Union for Conservation of Nature ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NATO </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swedish Transboundary Waters Initiative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M-Power( Mekong Program on Water, Environment and Resilience ) </li></ul></ul>
    • 29. Some publications <ul><li>Managing transboundary waters in extreme environments: the role of international actors in Africa . Giordano, Mark and Jonathan Lautze.In Lipchin, C.; Sandler, D.; Cushman, E. (Eds.). The Jordan River and Dead Sea Basin: cooperation amid conflict . New York, NY, USA: Springer Verlag. pp.113-138. 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Treaties with water quality provisions. Meredith Giordano. In Delli Priscolli and Wolf (eds) Managing and Transforming Water Conflicts. Cambridge. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. pp.274-307. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change, International Cooperation, and Adaption: Lessons from Transboundary Water Law. Drieschova, Alena, Mark Giordano and Itay Fischhendler. Cambridge Press. Forthcoming. </li></ul><ul><li>Political Altruism of Transboundary Water Sharing. Bhaduri, Anik ; Barbier, E. B. The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis &amp; Policy 8.1. 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>International water transfer and sharing: The case of the Ganges River. Bhaduri, Anik ; Barbier, E. B. Environment and Development Economics , 13:29-51. 2008 </li></ul>
    • 30. <ul><li>Governance Mechanisms to Address Flow Variability in Water Treaties. Drieschova, Alena, Mark Giordano and Itay Fischhendler. Global Environmental Change 18, 285-295. 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Demanding Supply Management and Supplying Demand Management: Transboundary Waters in Sub-Saharan Africa. Lautze, Jonathan and Mark Giordano. Journal of Environment and Development. 16: 290-306. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>SHARE: Lessons in the management of trans-boundary water resources. Saddoff, Claudia, Kelly, Thomas/Alejandro (eds.). IUCN. Geneva. 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Does ‘equity’ really matter in international water law? Evidence from Africa. Lautze, Jonathan and Mark Giordano. Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy. 17(1): 89-122. 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity and Qualities: The Development and Extent of Transboundary Water Law in Africa. Jonathan Lautze and Mark Giordano. Natural Resources Journal 45 (4) :1053-1087. 2006. </li></ul>More publications
    • 31. <ul><li>International Resource Conflict and Mitigation: An institutional paradigm. Giordano, Mark, Meredith Giordano and Aaron Wolf Journal of Peace Research . 42(1), 47-65. 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Transboundary Aquifers: Do International Borders Serve as Positive or Negative Flow Boundaries? Jarvis, Todd, Mark Giordano, Shammy Puri, Kyoko Mastumoto, and Aaron Wolf. Ground Water 43(5): 764-770. 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>The Geography of international water conflict and cooperation: datasets and applications. Yoffe, Shira, Greg Fiske, Mark Giordano, Meredith Giordano, Kelli Larson, Kerstin Stahl and Aaron Wolf. Water Resources Research . 40: 1-12. 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict and Cooperation over International Freshwater Resources: Indicators of Basins at Risk. Yoffe, Shira, Aaron Wolf and Mark Giordano. Journal of the American Water Resources Association . 39(5): 1109-1126. 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Managing the Quality of Transboundary Rivers: International Principles and Basin-level Practice. Giordano, Meredith A. Natural Resources Journal 43 (1): 111-136. 2003. </li></ul>And a few more

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