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Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life Cycles
 

Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life Cycles

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This presentation from 2nd Annual Validation Week Canada discusses the definition of a GMP project, the structure, and effective implementation.

This presentation from 2nd Annual Validation Week Canada discusses the definition of a GMP project, the structure, and effective implementation.

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    Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life Cycles Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life Cycles Presentation Transcript

    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s ProjectLife CyclesJorge A. Cordero-Monroig; BSChE, MBA-GMSr. Equipment/Control System Validation EngineerB+L Greenville Solutions Plant CONFIDENTIAL [1]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesAgenda: How to identify a GMP Project Why Risk-based Approach GMP Project Life Cycle – The Structure GMP Project Life Cycle – The Implementation Interactive Exercise: GMP Project Life Cycle – The Application Q&A [2]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesHow to identify a GMP Project:  GMP (Good Manufacturing Practices) - GMP is a group of practices used to ensure that a product is consistently manufactured within quality standards. In other words, practices that guarantee the strength-potency, purity, quality, identity and safety of the product.  What is a GMP Project – Any project that affect any equipment, control system, software, process or facility (ECS-SPF) that have direct impact in the safety, identity, potency-strength, quality and/or purity of the product.  For example:  Equipments: Mix Tanks (Reactors)  Control Systems: DCS (Distribute Control System)  Software: Blue Mountain (Calibration/Metrology Software)  Process: Product Compounding // Cleaning // Chemistry final product test.  Facility: Clean Rooms (Class A / 100 / ISO 5) renovations [3]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesHow to identify a GMP Project (Cont.): The first step to identify a GMP project is listing all the equipment, control system, software, process or facility (ECS-SPF) affected by the project. After break down all the equipment, control system, software, process or facility (ECS-SPF) related with the project, we need to perform an impact assessment for each one. Impact Assessment Classifications:  Direct Impact  Indirect Impact  No Impact [4]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesHow to identify a GMP Project (Cont.): Direct Impact (ECS-SPF) shall answer YES to one of the following questions:  Does the ECS-SPF come in direct physical contact with the product?  Example: Filler, Tanks, Pumps, Agitators, etc…  Does the ECS-SPF produce or distribute a material that has direct contact with product?  Example: Bottles/Caps Molding machines, Form Fill & Seal (FFS) Machines, etc…  Is the ECS-SPF used for cleaning, sanitize or sterilize?  Example: SIP and CIP systems, Autoclaves, etc… [5]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesHow to identify a GMP Project (Cont.):  Does the ECS-SPF create or maintain a specified environmental condition required to preserve product quality?  Example: HVAC, Class A / ISO 5 rooms, etc…  Does the ECS-SPF produce, monitor, evaluate, store or report data used to accept or reject product or GMP materials or data used to support Regulatory Compliance-Practices?  Example: DCS, E-Batch Records, EMS, etc…  Does the ECS-SPF perform a critical process step or operation in the manufacturing, processing, packaging, labeling testing or holding of the product?  Example: Inspections Systems, Process Filters, scales, etc… [6]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesHow to identify a GMP Project (Cont.): Indirect Impacts ECS-SPF shall answer YES to the following question:  Is the ECS-SPF linked or support a direct impact systems?  Example: DI Water Systems, Chillers, Compressed Air Units, etc… No Impact ECS-SPF answer NO to all previous questions.  Example: Cooling Towers, Sand Filters, Office HVAC Units, OEE Systems, etc… No impact ECS-SPF are not critical for the product quality but could be critical for business purpose. [7]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesHow to identify a GMP Project (Cont.): After classify the impact for the ECS-SPF projects, it is important determine the risk level for the Direct Impact. Indirect impact can be included in the risk analysis based on the impact on business. Risk Assessments Categories:  High  Medium  Low The purpose of the risk assessment classification is to focus on issues that impact the patient safety, product quality and data integrity on the early stages of the process. [8]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesWhy Risk-based Approach What are the benefits of Risk-Based Approach?  Identify and evaluate every single component, system, or unit of the project.  Classify each component, system, or unit of the project as Direct, Indirect or No Impact.  Justify decisions made based on risk criticality.  Identify areas that will require more evaluation, adjustments, or re-design prior to the implementation.  Provide a solid rational of the project plan, schedule, and project due date.  Put more effort in the design stage of the process but minimize the qualification effort which means less down time. [9]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesWhy Risk-based Approach What are the requirements of Risk-Based Approach?  Determine the overall impact of the project in the patient safety, product quality, and data integrity  Analyze the risk to the business  Identify risk to specific process  Identify risk to specific functions  Design to eliminate risk  Define controls to mitigate risk that cannot be eliminated  Define validation strategy  Revise the risk assessments as require during the project life. [ 10 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesWhy Risk-based Approach Most Common Risk Assessments Models: FMEA (Failure Modes & Effects Analysis) FTA (Fault Tree Analysis) HAZOP (Hazard Operability Analysis) Risk Priority Etc… [ 11 ]
    • Why Risk-based Approach Risk Priority: [ 12 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Structure Project Phase Life Cycle :  Project Origination  Project Initiation  Project Planning and Design  Project Execution and Control  Project Close-out [ 13 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Structure Task and Responsibilities  Project Origination  Project identification: Process Owner (PO), Quality Assurance (QA), or Process Excellence (PEx) based on business, and/or regulation needs  Project evaluation: By process excellence team  Project selection: By upper management  Project Initiation  Project team development: Project Manager (PM)  Project definition: Project Manager, Project Engineer (PE), PO, QA, Procurement  Initial risk identification: PEx, PO and QA  Project plan: PM  Project Plan Approval: Project team members [ 14 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Structure Task and Responsibilities  Project Planning and Design Project meeting and expectations: Team Members Refine project Definition: – Scope: PE and PO – Schedule: PM and PE – Quality Standards: QA – Budget: PM, PE, and Procurement Approve Project Plan Vendor Selection and PO approval: PE and Procurement Design Verification and approval: PE, PO, and QA [ 15 ]
    • ASCGMP Project Life Cycle – The Structure Task and Responsibilities  Project Execution and Control Equipment, control system, software, process or facility (ECS-SPF) development verification: PE, PO, and QA Installation and Operational verification: PE and QA Calibration, procedures, and preventive maintenance implementation: PM and PO  Project Close-out Implementation verification: PM and PE Risk Assessment Review: PEx, PO and QA Close-out Letter: PM [ 16 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Structure Tools:  Project Origination:  Project Proposal,  Evaluation Rating Matrix  Project Initiation:  Project Charter  Proposed Schedule  Impact Assessment (GMP or Not GMP)  User Requirement Specification  Project Plan (Project Strategy)  Budget Estimate  Initial Risk Assessment (High/Medium/Low Risk) [ 17 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Structure Tools:  Project Planning and Design:  Functional Requirement Specifications  Functional Risk Assessment  Traceability Matrix  Revised Schedule  Revised Budget  Validation Strategy  Design Specification/Qualification (DS/DQ)  Project Execution and Control  Factory Acceptance Test (FAT)  Commissioning / Site Acceptance Test (SAT) / Engineering Studies  Risk Assessment Review  Qualification / Validation Protocols  SOP’s, PM’s, and Calibration Program  Project Close-out  Traceability Matrix Review  Closing Letter [ 18 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Structure Phases Approach:  After completion of each phase a formal Phase Review Report should be evaluated and approved by the Project Team Members.  Phase criteria should be completed before move to the next phase.  Incomplete criteria shall be justified on the Phase Review Report.  Benefits of Phases Approach:  Ensure that there is no missing elements during each phase.  Force the team members to evaluate the project goals and expectations constantly.  Keep control of the project [ 19 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Structure How to measure Success  Align schedule with Phase Review Reports deliverables  Project design mitigate, control, and measure the identified risks  User requirements, functional requirements, and design specs were addressed and tested satisfactorily on FAT, SAT, IQ, OQ, PQ, or PV.  IOPQ and PV have been executed satisfactorily and approved.  Project has been implemented and closed as scheduled.  Project cost are within the budget requested. [ 20 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Implementation Who, How, and When: – Change Control: • Who: PM, PE, or PO • How: Any project that affect a GMP equipment, control system, software, process or facility shall be managed under local change control process. • When: Before start with the project execution and control phase. – Schedule and Timing: • Who: PM and PE • How: Progress report and meeting should be implemented to manage the schedule and keep visibility of the project progress. Milestone shall be identified and addressed. • When: Across the entire project, typically weekly. [ 21 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Implementation Who, How, and When: – Protocols and Verifications: • Who: Vendor, Consultant, Operation personnel, PE, or QA-Validation • How: – FAT and SAT shall be reviewed an approved by quality in order to be leverage on the IQ, OQ, and PQ. As specified on Validation Strategy. – FAT and SAT shall cover all details, configurations, functionalities, and safety requirements. – Limited IQ, OQ, and PQ can be performed based on FAT and SAT successful test. PV, as applicable, to demonstrate that the process is suitable for intended use (process is validated). • When: – FAT is performed at vendor facility. SAT performed at the site. – Qualifications / Validation: After success FAT and SAT. [ 22 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Implementation Who, How, and When: – SOP’s and Preventive Maintenance: • Who: PO, PE, and/ or Plant Engineer • How: – Update and/or create standard operational procedure and preventive maintenance task, and include any critical instrumentation to the calibration process. – Include the changes in the Change control plan • When: – Update and development (draft) before the operational qualification. – Approved for the Performance qualification – Effectives after qualification/validation completion but before start the normal operation. [ 23 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesGMP Project Life Cycle – The Implementation Who, How, and When: – Traceability Matrix, Risk Assessment Review and Closing Letter: • Who: PM, or PE • How: – Using a matrix verify that all critical requirement in URS, FRS, and DS, as applicable, were tested in one of the deliverables. – Reviewing the Risk Assessment to confirm that the risk were mitigated or controlled. – Write a memo or project plan final report summarizing the activities performance and completion. • When: – After approval of all qualification protocols final reports. [ 24 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesInteractive Exercise: GMP Project Life Cycle – The Application Determine if the project is GMP or not GMP (Direct/Indirect/No Impact) Outline a Project Life cycle Perform a Risk Assessment Manage Constraints Projects: – Sampling Booth in a Warehouse – Metrology Software – Mix Tank (Reactor) – Compressed Air [ 25 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life CyclesBonus Material Risk Based Approach Project Life Cycle Phase Matrix Phase Review Report Template [ 26 ]
    • Risk-Based Approaches in GMP’s Project Life Cycles Questions and Answers ? [ 27 ]