Under Lock & Key: Theft
Protection in Today’s Utility
Marketplace
Scott Zajkowski - N.A. Business Development
Kevin Mays -...
Agenda
I. Global Energy Theft
I. Worldwide
II. Canada
III. United States
II. Grow Houses
III. Types
IV. Problems Caused
V....
Energy Theft
• Electricity theft stems from…
• Illegal connections
• Unbilled consumption
• Non payment
• Electricity thef...
Energy Theft
• Major Global Concern
• Electricity theft has no boundaries
• Globally, an estimated $200 billion is
lost ea...
Electricity Theft Worldwide
Global Electricity Theft
• India experiences some of the most significant
theft, where 1/3 of the power generated is lost
...
Energy Theft: Canada
• Calgary utilities estimate that 60% of
power outages are the result of some
form of electrical equi...
Electricity Theft in U.S.
• Energy theft in
the U.S
equates to $6
billion in losses
annually,
costing utilities
1-3% of th...
Marijuana Grow House
• Utilize sophisticated measures
and methods to steal power
• A growing problem for many
utilities ac...
G
Grow houses cost customers ~ $100 million each year according to BC Hydro
Energy Theft: Illegal Grow Houses
 In the U.S, indoor cannabis growing uses about $5 billion
annually to power lighting a...
Economy Related Energy Theft
• PECO, a Philadelphia utility, stated that
approximately 30% of the 14,000 customers
whose s...
Types of Electricity Theft
• Meter Tampering
Types of Electricity Theft
• Rewiring
Types of Electricity Theft
• Transformers:
• Unpaid Bills
Problems Caused by Energy Theft
• Safety
• Grid Damage
• Increased Costs
• Environmental Concerns
The Dangers of Energy Theft
• Fire hazards to property of
perpetrators and neighbors
• Compromised safety of
residents and...
The Dangers of Energy Theft
•Electrocution
•Death
Technical Solutions to Power Theft
• Smart Meters (AMI/AMR)
• Pre-pay meters
Technical Solutions to Power Theft
• Encasing meters
• Anti-theft cable
• Software (Analytics)
• End of line monitoring
Non-Technical Solutions for Energy Theft
• Public Outreach by offering financial rewards
to consumers who report electrici...
Stricter Regulations on Energy Theft
• 70,000 energy thefts
occur each year in
Michigan
• New Michigan Utility
Theft Law
•...
Limitations of AMI/AMR Meters
• AMI/AMR or smart meters work very well for
identifying usage on inactive meters and
preven...
End Line Monitoring + AMI/AMR
• In conjunction with smart sensors, AMI/AMR
meters data can effectively leverage to detect
...
Energy Theft Detection
TD1000 & TD2000
• Remote smart sensor to monitor power usage
to compare with AMI/AMR data to pinpoi...
Energy Theft Detection
TD1000 & TD2000
TD1000/2000
• Single & Three Phase Monitoring
• Superior Accuracy
• Customizable KW...
Conclusion
• Energy theft will continue
to be a major concern for
all utilities unless certain
measures are taken
• Implem...
Thank you for your time
• For further questions about today’s webinar
please contact
• Scott Zajkowski
• Email: szajkowski...
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Webinar: Under Lock & Key; Theft Protection in Today's Utility Marketplace

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  • Introduce Ourselves - Who IUS TechnologiesWhere did we get the information
  • Point 3: Ex about people living in Mansions stealing & Slums
  • POINT 2:Most assume electricity theft is only prevalent in developing countries such as India and Brazil, but Costing consumers billions of dollars each year from higher rates
  • Middle East – Areas up to 64%Dom Rep 24-36%
  • Point 1: Illegal Hookups, bill fraud, non –payment Equates to $16 billion a year in lossesPoint 2:Utility is only collecting half of its revenue Point 3: To combat the problem and avoid violent encounters, utilities are turning to smart meters
  • Estimates loss around 3% which a significant amount comes from illegal marijuana grow houses
  • Energy theft is the 3rd most stolen commodity after credit cards and vehicles
  • Point 1:Largest single “industry” for power theft Point 2: Many growers have multiple operation which could result in even more significant losses of $400,000 each year Point 3: Tapping directly into 12kV and 25Kv power lines Underground linesAbove ground linesTapping of existing panel boxesSome even hollow out utility poles, then tap into power line and run the line underground to the operation. Some will even install their own transformers to handle the load
  • In Canada, British Columbia has the largest problems with illegal marijuana grow houses
  • In certain locations throughout the US, older mechanical meters are still used which thieves can easily bypass to operate their grow houses Roughly 20 states in the United States have legalized marijuana, but its still a major problem nation wide
  • Across the United States power shutoffs doubled in 2008 to 4% of residential accountsTheft among business users also saw a significant rise in 2008 with double digit riseEnergy theft and assaults on utility workers have reportedly increased as the economy has worsened.
  • Meter:Tampering: Altering, slowing, swapping meterBypassing meterDamaging or removing the meterInverting the meterMagnets to slow down mechanical meters PICTURE 1:An example of a meter in which the phase with the most load was rerouted around the meter.PICTURE 2: MAGNET PICTURE 3: JUMPERING
  • Rewiring:Illegally tapping into overhead or underground cablesRewiring property to use meters with lower rates (commercial)
  • Transformers:Illegally connecting to terminal taps of overhead lines on the secondary side of the transformer Installing additional transformers
  • Safety: These illegal connection cause significant risk to the thieves stealing the power, the utility workers and the general public. (Unreliable and unstable equipment )Grid Damage: Creating power surges or even electrical system failure from excessive loads leading to outages and damage to utility equipment and infrastructure Transformer Failure Increased Costs: Maintenance time, repair costs, investigations, equipment Customers who will bear the cost for theft and damages Environmental Concerns: Increased CO2 emissions and lossesTransformer explosions causing containments in the ground
  • POINT 1: To detect meter tapering, bypassing or disconnectingTilt WarningsRemote DisconnectElimates collusion with meter reader and customerPOINT 2: Customer able to key in number after paymentRechargeable Token or card
  • Point 1: Electricity theft can be difficult to identify Point 2:Point 3:
  • Every utility has electricity theft hotline.
  • These illegal connections need a check point or point of reference to compare to the AMI data Comparing the billed electricity at the meter and actual consumption at the distribution transformer can determine where and if theft is occurring
  • Webinar: Under Lock & Key; Theft Protection in Today's Utility Marketplace

    1. 1. Under Lock & Key: Theft Protection in Today’s Utility Marketplace Scott Zajkowski - N.A. Business Development Kevin Mays - Technical Sales Engineer
    2. 2. Agenda I. Global Energy Theft I. Worldwide II. Canada III. United States II. Grow Houses III. Types IV. Problems Caused V. Dangers VI. Solutions
    3. 3. Energy Theft • Electricity theft stems from… • Illegal connections • Unbilled consumption • Non payment • Electricity theft occurs on all levels: Residential, small business, commercial and industrial customers • Electricity theft is independent of an economical class
    4. 4. Energy Theft • Major Global Concern • Electricity theft has no boundaries • Globally, an estimated $200 billion is lost each year due to equipment failure and theft
    5. 5. Electricity Theft Worldwide
    6. 6. Global Electricity Theft • India experiences some of the most significant theft, where 1/3 of the power generated is lost • Losses can reach 50% in certain areas within South Asian, Sub-Saharan Africa and the former Soviet Union • Brazil energy losses reach as high as 25% in some areas • The UK reports around 25,000 cases of electricity theft each year, costing customers over $300M
    7. 7. Energy Theft: Canada • Calgary utilities estimate that 60% of power outages are the result of some form of electrical equipment tampering • BC Hydro (British Columbia) • Estimates loss around 3% of total revenue • Identified 2,600 thefts over the past 5 years
    8. 8. Electricity Theft in U.S. • Energy theft in the U.S equates to $6 billion in losses annually, costing utilities 1-3% of their revenue
    9. 9. Marijuana Grow House • Utilize sophisticated measures and methods to steal power • A growing problem for many utilities across North America • A small grow house operation can result in a $5000/yr loss for the electric utility.
    10. 10. G Grow houses cost customers ~ $100 million each year according to BC Hydro
    11. 11. Energy Theft: Illegal Grow Houses  In the U.S, indoor cannabis growing uses about $5 billion annually to power lighting and irrigation systems. Most are illegal operations where they steal some or all their power
    12. 12. Economy Related Energy Theft • PECO, a Philadelphia utility, stated that approximately 30% of the 14,000 customers whose service was disconnect in 2008 were using electricity illegally • In 2008, Pennsylvania Power & Light (PPL) reported a 16% rise in energy theft, most related to service terminations • AEP, one of the largest utilities in the U.S., investigated 3196 cases of theft in Jan – Feb 2008, a 27% increase from the previous year
    13. 13. Types of Electricity Theft • Meter Tampering
    14. 14. Types of Electricity Theft • Rewiring
    15. 15. Types of Electricity Theft • Transformers: • Unpaid Bills
    16. 16. Problems Caused by Energy Theft • Safety • Grid Damage • Increased Costs • Environmental Concerns
    17. 17. The Dangers of Energy Theft • Fire hazards to property of perpetrators and neighbors • Compromised safety of residents and utility workers • Power outages • Equipment Failure
    18. 18. The Dangers of Energy Theft •Electrocution •Death
    19. 19. Technical Solutions to Power Theft • Smart Meters (AMI/AMR) • Pre-pay meters
    20. 20. Technical Solutions to Power Theft • Encasing meters • Anti-theft cable • Software (Analytics) • End of line monitoring
    21. 21. Non-Technical Solutions for Energy Theft • Public Outreach by offering financial rewards to consumers who report electricity theft • Legal Measures • Stricter fines and jail time for offenders • Management • Implementing inspection after a meter was disconnected and not reconnected
    22. 22. Stricter Regulations on Energy Theft • 70,000 energy thefts occur each year in Michigan • New Michigan Utility Theft Law • Increased penalties • Now a Felony
    23. 23. Limitations of AMI/AMR Meters • AMI/AMR or smart meters work very well for identifying usage on inactive meters and preventing meter tampering • False tamper alarms are common occurrence with smart meters and many utilities ignore them • Smart Meters can also be hacked which cost a Puerto Rico utility hundreds of millions dollars in losses. • Many commercial customers have much larger transformers which may result in illegal connection away form the meter
    24. 24. End Line Monitoring + AMI/AMR • In conjunction with smart sensors, AMI/AMR meters data can effectively leverage to detect and prevent energy theft AMI/AMR Meter VS1000 (End of Line Monitoring) X TD1000 (Theft Detection) X X X X
    25. 25. Energy Theft Detection TD1000 & TD2000 • Remote smart sensor to monitor power usage to compare with AMI/AMR data to pinpoint illegal or unauthorized power usage • Compact, economical and comprehensive solution for revenue recovery and loss prevention
    26. 26. Energy Theft Detection TD1000 & TD2000 TD1000/2000 • Single & Three Phase Monitoring • Superior Accuracy • Customizable KWh monitoring • DNP3 Complaint • Unsolicited Messaging & Alerts • Magnetic Attachment • Quick Connect CT’s • Integrated Wireless Communication
    27. 27. Conclusion • Energy theft will continue to be a major concern for all utilities unless certain measures are taken • Implementing Smart Sensors to work in conjunction with AMI/AMR Systems to detect and prevent further losses
    28. 28. Thank you for your time • For further questions about today’s webinar please contact • Scott Zajkowski • Email: szajkowski@ius-tech.com • Phone: 470-514-2627 • Kevin Mays • Email: kmays@ius-tech.com • Phone: 470-514-2620 www.ius-tech.com

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