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Copyright Technology 101U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) Global IntellectualProperty Academy and U.S. Copyright Of...
Overview  How does the Internet work?  Who governs the Internet?  Who is part of the Internet ecosystem?                  ...
How does the Internet work?   Typical view of the Internet:                                   Internet                    ...
How does the Internet work?   More detailed:                    Users                            Users   facebook.com   go...
How does the Internet work?      URLs: Image credit: John Gallaugher, Information Systems: A Manager’s Guide to Harnessing...
How does the Internet work?      Domain names: Image credit: John Gallaugher, Information Systems: A Manager’s Guide to Ha...
How does the Internet work?      Data Packets: Image credit: John Gallaugher, Information Systems: A Manager’s Guide to Ha...
Who governs the Internet?   Nobody?                            8
Who governs the Internet?   At the National Level (in the United States)   • Federal Communications Commission (FCC)     •...
Who governs the Internet?   At the International Level   • Coordination and operations     • ICANN   • Standards     • Int...
Who is part of the Internet ecosystem?   •   Users   •   Internet service providers   •   Domain registrars   •   Domain r...
Who is part of the Internet ecosystem?   Questions:   •   Where are the “control points” on the Internet?   •   How can di...
Further reading   Castro, Bennett and Andes, “Steal these Polices: Strategies for    Reducing Digital Piracy,” Information...
Thank you!             14
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Copyright Technology 101

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On September 19, 2011, ITIF Senior Analyst Daniel Castro spoke on a panel at the Global IP Academy’s “Copyright in the Digital Age” program sponsored by the United States Copyright Office and the Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). His panel was entitled “Copyright Technology 101” and he discussed the various controls that can be used to protect intellectual property in different parts of the Internet ecosystem. The program was held at the USPTO in Alexandria, Virginia and included approximately 50 foreign government officials working on copyright issues.

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Transcript of "Copyright Technology 101"

  1. 1. Copyright Technology 101U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) Global IntellectualProperty Academy and U.S. Copyright OfficeConference on Copyright in the Digital AgePresenter:Daniel Castro, Senior Analyst, ITIF
  2. 2. Overview How does the Internet work? Who governs the Internet? Who is part of the Internet ecosystem? 2
  3. 3. How does the Internet work? Typical view of the Internet: Internet 3
  4. 4. How does the Internet work? More detailed: Users Users facebook.com google.com wikipedia.org 4
  5. 5. How does the Internet work? URLs: Image credit: John Gallaugher, Information Systems: A Manager’s Guide to Harnessing Technology (Flat World Knowledge). 5
  6. 6. How does the Internet work? Domain names: Image credit: John Gallaugher, Information Systems: A Manager’s Guide to Harnessing Technology (Flat World Knowledge). 6
  7. 7. How does the Internet work? Data Packets: Image credit: John Gallaugher, Information Systems: A Manager’s Guide to Harnessing Technology (Flat World Knowledge). 7
  8. 8. Who governs the Internet? Nobody? 8
  9. 9. Who governs the Internet? At the National Level (in the United States) • Federal Communications Commission (FCC) • Net neutrality rules • National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) • Broadband, spectrum, DNS, privacy/security/copyright issues • Federal Trade Commission (FTC) • Anti-trust and consumer protection • Department of Justice • Internet crime • Congress • Legislative authority 9
  10. 10. Who governs the Internet? At the International Level • Coordination and operations • ICANN • Standards • Internet Society (ISOC) • Internet Engineering Tasking Force (IETF) • Internet Architecture Board (IAB) • World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) • International Telecommunication Union (ITU) • The Market • E.g. Mozilla Foundation, Verisign 10
  11. 11. Who is part of the Internet ecosystem? • Users • Internet service providers • Domain registrars • Domain registries • Hosting providers • Governing bodies • OTHERS? • Services: search engines, file lockers, UGC sites, online advertisers, payment processors, shippers • Applications: operating systems, web browsers, software • Devices: mobile devices, computers, routers, etc. 11
  12. 12. Who is part of the Internet ecosystem? Questions: • Where are the “control points” on the Internet? • How can different methods be used to protect intellectual property at these different points? • Who has a legal responsibility to protect intellectual property? • Who would be most effective in protecting intellectual property? (and what incentives do they need, if any, to do so?) 12
  13. 13. Further reading Castro, Bennett and Andes, “Steal these Polices: Strategies for Reducing Digital Piracy,” Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (December 2009), http://www.itif.org/files/2009-digital-piracy.pdf. Castro, “Better Enforcement of Online Copyright Would Help, Not Harm, Consumers,” Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (October 2010), http://www.itif.org/files/2010-copyright-coica.pdf. Price, “An Estimate of Infringing Use of the Internet,” Envisional (Janauary 2011), http://documents.envisional.com/docs/Envisional- Internet_Usage-Jan2011.pdf. 13
  14. 14. Thank you! 14
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