WORLD 6.0On The Future of Our Worldand Potential Roles ofGeo-Information ScienceHans van GinkelITC Enschedé Geo-SciencesLecture 14.05.2013 Utrecht University
31. World 6.0? Guiding Ideas2. Processes Shaping Our World3. Developments Changing the Faceof the EarthWORLD 6.0
WORLD 6.0 Guiding Ideas We are on the brink of major change!Tomorrow will be fundamentally different! Changes never come alone, cp. “Ageing” “It is difficult to predict, in particular thefuture!” (Niels Bohr) We will only know in hindsight!But that is too late to prepare!
WHY WORLD 6.0? World 1.0 Ancient Civilizations World 2.0 Middle Ages World 3.0 Renaissance andEnlightenment World 4.0 Industrial Revolution/World World 5.0 ICT Revolution/Globalizing World World 6.0 Material Revolution (graphene) //Robotized World ???
Ageing – Major Changes Never Come Alone –the Ubiquitous Information SocietyAt your service: NTT DoCoMo demonstrates a robot that recognizesvoices and provides personalized assistance at the CEATEC electronicstrade show at Makuhari Messe in Chiba Prefecture onTuesday. AFP-JIJI
PROCESSES SHAPING OUR WORLD1. Globalization and Localization2. Development of the Knowledge Society3. Increasing importance of Ethics and Values4. Global Change5. Fundamental Shifts in the Balance between‘public’ and ‘private’ funding
Let us look at the Dimensions of Globalization1. Geographic Shrinking distances/world Areas <--> Networks Integration of scale levels2. Economic Free market/Social market-economy Trade liberalization/Material cycles Regional integration/or Commonwealth3. Cultural Dialogue <--> Clash of civilizations Mass-culture <--> Elite culture Homogenization <--> Cultural diversity4. Social Rise of the middle class Equity / Equality Democracy / Good governance5. Political Interconnectedness Serve the People Rule of law8
Creating a Capacity forUnderstanding Knowledge; Respect; Knowing one’s own cultural norms; Search for unity in diversity; Inclusiveness; and Readiness to transformPre-requisites for Understanding
Government’s Expenditures in Europe the Highest(size of countries as govt. expend. In US dollars in 2009)
Developments Changingthe Face of the Earth1. Freedom and Development2. Population Growth and Urbanization3. Worldwide Networking and Organization4. The Last Frontiers: colonization of theWorld Seas and the Arctic region
Decolonization and Worldwide Development:‘Forgotten Peoples: American Indians
OUR URBAN FUTURELabour Force working in Agriculture1. United States < 2%2. Netherlands < 3%3. Japan < 8%(half of which > 55 jaar!)
SaguenayOttawaSept-IlesMexicoCityQuébecMontréalSt.JohnThese lights are Boston, NewYork, Philadelphia andWashington.TorontoDetroitMiamiHavanaPuerto RicoHoustonDallasIt’s still daylight inCaliforniaThunder BayPort-au-Prince
Pollution Preventing the Sight ofStarsInteractions and Environmental Impacts:Burning Vegetation in the Oil Production Areas
The Netherlands in the World:“HOLLAND CITY” : one of the 25 in 2025McKinsey Global Institute:„Urban World – Mapping the Economic Power of Cities‟
Chinese Activities OverseesCompetition Increases: and they are with mányl!!
Water Pipeline from In-Salah toTamanghasset (> 700 km)
Growing foreign land acquisitions: need for aninternational code of conduct for investmentSource: von Braun and Meinzen-Dick 2009,with data compiled from media reports 2007-2009.
The Worldwide Activities of BoskalisAn Empire On Which the Sun Never Sets!!!Dutch “Home”-market of the leading global enterprise is shrinkingValue of the potential orderportfolio of Boskalis
THE NEW NORTHSource: Economist March 24th, 2012
Global Change and The New NorthGDP Population(in billions US) (x 1 million)New North 7,089 254.6BRICs 16,442 2,834.6EU 14,520 491.6USA (all) 14,620 307.6China 8,767 1,338.6India 3,548 1,156.9Source: Laurence Smith – The New North
Potential Roles ofGeo-Information Science Mapping the planet at different scale levels Exploration of natural resources Landuse: analysis/planning – rural/urban Landregistration Environmental degradation, a.o. of soils Environmental management Hazard and Risk analysis/disaster relief Integration of Geo-information