UNICEF Webinar - Climate Change M&E for Excluded Populations (2012) - Julian Barr and Robbie Gregorowski

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  • 1. WELCOME to the webinar “Evaluation of Climate Change Interventions for Excluded Populations.” 11 June 2012 This Live Webinar will start at 1:00 PM New York time.All microphones & webcams are disabled and we will only enable microphones during the Q&A portion. Therefore, you will not hear any sound/noise till the beginning of the webinar.
  • 2. Series of 17 live webinars on “Equity-focused Evaluations” Interact live with 28 world-level evaluators This series of webinars addresses the challenges andopportunities in evaluating the effects of policies, programmesand projects to enhance equitable development results, with aspecial focus on the effects to the most excluded, marginalized and deprived groups.
  • 3. The books are available for free atMyM&E Virtual Library: www.mymande.org
  • 4. Webinars on Equity-focused Evaluation 2011Colin KIRK Evaluation to accelerate progress towards 6 September 2011 equitable development 9:30 AM NY timePenny HAWKINSBelen SANZ Human rights and Gender equality in evaluations 21 September 2011Flaminia MINELLI 9:30 AM NY timeMarco SEGONE How to design, implement and use equity- 4 October 2011 oriented evaluations 11:30 AM NY timeMichael BAMBERGERSaville KUSHNER Case study evaluation as an intervention for 11 October 2011 promoting equity 9:30 AM NY timeBob WILLIAMS Systems approach (CSH) to address ethical 14 November 2011 issues 3:00 PM NY timeMartin REYNOLDSPatricia ROGERS Program theories and LogFrames to evaluate 22 November 2011 pro-poor and equity programs 4:00 PM NY timeRichard HUMMELBRUNNERMichael Quinn PATTON Developmental Evaluation 6 December 2011 11:30 AM NY time
  • 5. Webinars on Equity-focused Evaluation 2012Donna MERTENS Methodological guidance in evaluation for Social 24 January 2012 Justice 9:30 AM NY timeJennifer GREENE Values-Engaged Evaluation 15 February 2012 1:00 PM NY timeMichael Quinn PATTON How to evaluate interventions in complex 28 February 2012 dynamic environments? 11:30 AM NY timeRodney HOPSON Cultural Responsiveness in Applied Research 15 March 2012 and Evaluation Settings 2:00 PM NY timeKatrina BLEDSOEJuha UITTO Evaluating equity-focused public policies. The 27 March 2012 case of Brazil and Mexico 9:30 AM NY timeOscar A. GARCIAKatherine HAY Strengthening Equity-focused evaluations 15 May 2012 through insights from feminist theory and 8:30 AM Delhi (India) timeRatna SUDARSHAN approaches 10:00 AM Bangkok (Thailand) time 11:00 AM Manila (Philippines) time
  • 6. Webinars on Equity-focused Evaluation 2012Julian BARR Evaluation of climate change interventions for 11 June 2012 excluded populations 1:00 PM NY timeRobbie GREGOROWSKISulley GARIBA Evaluation of pro-poor urban interventions 28 June 2012 1:00 PM NY timeGuy THIJS Evaluation of the ILO’s strategy to eliminate To be announced. discrimination in employment and occupationFrancisco GUZMAN
  • 7. The recordings are available at www.mymande.org
  • 8. The recordings are available at www.mymande.org
  • 9. The recordings are available at www.mymande.org
  • 10. Interact with Questions and AnswersType here
  • 11. Keynote Speakers“Evaluation of climate change interventions for excluded populations” Julian Barr, International Trade & Development (ITAD) Robbie Gregorowski, International Trade & Development (ITAD)
  • 12. Agenda1:00 – 1:05 PM Welcome and introduction Marco Segone, Systemic Management, UNICEF Evaluation Office1:05 – 1:20 Julian Barr, International Trade & Development (ITAD)1:20 – 1:35 Robbie Gregorowski, International Trade & Development (ITAD)1:35 – 1:55 Questions and Answers Moderator: Stewart Donaldson, Dean & Chair of Psychology School of Behavioral & Organizational Sciences, Claremont Graduate University1:55 – 2:00 Wrap-up: Penny Hawkins, Evaluation Office, The Rockefeller Foundation
  • 13. Evaluation of climatechange interventions for excluded populations Julian Barr and Robbie GregorowskiInternational Trade & Development (ITAD)
  • 14. Outline• The nature of climate change interventions• Excluded populations• Climate change evaluation challenges• Climate change evaluation frameworks• Addressing the challenges
  • 15. Climate Change (CC)The nature of CC interventions• IPCC identifies two main responses to CC change: mitigation and adaptation• Adaptation shares common ground with Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) • Sudden onset climate-related events (floods, cyclones, etc) • But note, slow onset climate-related events (sea-level rise, changing rain-fall patterns)• Now major focus on Climate Change Resilience• Our main focus: adaptation and resilience
  • 16. Categories of AdaptationType of Adaptation Type of Action ExampleAddressing the Coping / resilience Livelihood diversification;adaptation deficit building crop insurance; DRR early warning systemsAdapting to Climate proofing Improved drainageincremental changes systems; adapting cropping systems (short seasons)Adapting to qualitative Transformational Resettlement;changes change transformation of agricultural systems Brooks et al, 2011. IIED
  • 17. Excluded populations• In CC terms, excluded populations seen as those most vulnerable to climate-related shocks and stresses • i.e “susceptible to, or unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change”  low adaptive capacity• Adaptive capacity: function of both individual & societal capacity • household resources + institutions & policy• Climate vulnerability and poverty closely linked • also gender, age, ethnic minority dimensions • drivers of CC vulnerability not all climate-related
  • 18. Climate change,Vulnerability, & Poverty Change in length of cropping season, 2000 - 2050. ILRI, 2002
  • 19. Evaluating what?Climate change adaptation frameworksTwo main aspects:Result Indicator1. Capacity of govt & Existence of policy & other institutions to understand mechanisms that promote CC & integrate Adaptation knowledge & action on CC into decision making2. Climate change - Adaptive capacity adaptation keeps - Development outcomes development ‘on track’
  • 20. Adaptation: evaluation challenges1. Timescale disconnects: • Adaption: project timescale • Climate change: longer timescale (slow onset risks)2. Declining baseline: • Climate is changing: measuring development success against a worsening situation; normalise for vulnerability3. Uncertainty: • climate scenarios still highly uncertain at local, national and regional levels.4. Unintended consequences: • Maladaptation5. Focus of CCA on coping strategies and climate proofing (short sighted)
  • 21. Addressing the challenges:three approaches to evaluating CCA UNDP: • Proposed Framework for Monitoring Adaptation to Climate Change. Draft. (2008) Strengthening Climate Resilience (SCR) consortium: • Learning to ADAPT: monitoring and evaluation approaches in climate change adaptation and DRR. Silva Villaneuva (2011) IIED: • Tracking adaptation and measuring development. Brooks et al (2011).
  • 22. UNDP
  • 23. SCR consortium: ADAPT framework An integrated set of outcome and process based indicators that consider environmental, disaster, climate change and developmental domains of decision-making
  • 24. ADAPT approach • Framework of questions and indicators • Learning approach • Employs constant monitoring to allow flexibility and enhance capacities to deal with uncertainty
  • 25. IIED: Adaptation measurement
  • 26. In practice: Rockefeller ACCCRN www.acccrn.org
  • 27. Linking the streams Indicators of Adaptive Capacity: society, communities, households, individuals
  • 28. Indicators of adaptive capacity Main characteristics which enhance adaptive capacity identified as: • Promoting diversity • Creating flexible effective institutions • Accepting non-equilibrium (?) • Adopting multi-level perspectives • Integrating uncertainty • Ensuring community involvement • Promoting learning • Advocating for equity • Recognizing the importance of social values and structures • Working towards preparedness, planning and readiness Adapted from GEF: Tracking Progress for Effective Action - A Framework for Monitoring and Evaluating Adaptation to Climate Change. Sanahuja (2011)
  • 29. Evaluation lessonsAll 3 approaches broadly focus on: • combining top down and bottom up approaches • link: integrating CC into policy/institutions  actions at the households/community levelEvaluation should not separate the two streams • Top: policy environment • Bottom: development outcomes • Missing middle: assessing the adaptive capacity / behavior of people and society • adaptive capacity encompasses knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) at a number of levels
  • 30. Further evaluation challengesM&E frameworks for CC still in infancy.Needs:• approaches to satisfactorily join upstream and downstream• to develop and test indicators of adaptive capacity at different levels and for different groups to fill the missing middle• develop methods for assessing the relationship between adaptation and equity (zero-sum games)• explore existing indicator frameworks, such as the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, to clarify relationships between determinants of adaptive capacity along the results chain• establish mechanisms for M&E to empower excluded populations by feeding-back between the upstream and downstream tracks, as part of increasing climate accountability and transparency
  • 31. Questions and Answers MODERATOR Stewart Donaldson, Dean & Chair of Psychology School of Behavioral & Organizational Sciences, Claremont Graduate University
  • 32. Audience Questions
  • 33. Wrap-upPenny Hawkins, Rockefeller Foundation EvaluationOffice, is the former Head of Evaluation for the NewZealand Aid Program, Ministry of Foreign Affairs andTrade and Vice-Chair of the OECD-DAC Network onDevelopment Evaluation. She is a past President of theAustralasian Evaluation Society, a founding boardmember of the International Organization for Cooperationin Evaluation (IOCE) and an IPDET (InternationalProgram for Development Evaluation Training) facultymember.
  • 34. The recording will be available at www.mymande.org
  • 35. The recording will be available at www.mymande.org
  • 36. Next webinar, 28 June 2012, 1:00PM New York time “Evaluation of pro-poor urban interventions” Sulley Gariba, Institute for Policy Alternatives (IPA), Ghana
  • 37. Evaluation of Webinars SurveyYour opinion/feedback is important to us, thereforewe ask that you complete this short evaluation ontoday’s webinar. http://6.11.questionpro.com/