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Agricultural Pathways to Improved
Nutrition – Getting Policies Right!
Prabhu Pingali
Professor of Applied Economics
&
Dire...
HH
Incomes
HH Food
Access
Individual
Food
Intake
Individual
Nutrition
(e.g. stunting,
wasting)
Agricultural Interventions
...
Agriculture – Nutrition Pathways:
A Conceptual Framework
HOUSEHOLD INCOME ALLOCATION OF FOOD
MICRONUTRIENT AND FOOD
AVAILA...
Agriculture & Food Supply Policies
Persistence of Green Revolution focus on staple grains
Poor support for coarse grains, ...
What are the options for crop-
neutral intensification?
5
Food Based Interventions
Promotion of bio –
fortified food – ex
ante assessment
and enabling
policies
Impact of food &
cas...
From traditional extension to
community based behavior change
Community participatory approaches to learning and
change
Wo...
From agriculture & nutrition silos
to an agriculture-nutrition nexus
8
HH
Income
Micronutrient
and food
access
Intra-
household
food allocation
Nutrient
Absorption
and Utilization
UN MDGs along...
HH
Income
Micronutrient
and food
access
Intra-
household
food allocation
Nutrient
Absorption
and Utilization
Agricultural ...
Relevance of agriculture for the first
1000 days (from conception through
the first two years)?
Its about the nutrition & ...
Breaking silos and building
convergence across sectoral
interventions
Setting clear and measurable goals (eg: Reduction in...
Rural change through women’s
empowerment
Women’s Self Help Group,
Wardha District, Maharashtra
Planning Sustainable Land
U...
14
15
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Prabhu Pingali, Cornell University "Agricultural Pathways to Improved Nutrition: Getting Policies Right"

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Science Forum 2013 (www.scienceforum13.org)
Plenary Session: Regional Perspectives on Nutrition and Health Outcomes
Prabhu Pingali, Cornell University: Main presentation

Published in: Technology, Education
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Transcript of "Prabhu Pingali, Cornell University "Agricultural Pathways to Improved Nutrition: Getting Policies Right""

  1. 1. Agricultural Pathways to Improved Nutrition – Getting Policies Right! Prabhu Pingali Professor of Applied Economics & Director, Tata-Cornell Initiative for Agriculture & Nutrition Cornell University
  2. 2. HH Incomes HH Food Access Individual Food Intake Individual Nutrition (e.g. stunting, wasting) Agricultural Interventions Other Interventions (e.g. Health, Education) e.g. relative prices of foods and non-foods, diet diversity e.g. gender empowerment, HH behavior, demographics e.g. sanitation and hygiene, health conditions, nutrition practices calorie requirements e.g. Ag productivity growth and poverty reduction e.g. food price effects, fortification, bio- fortification e.g. ag empowerme nt, labor e.g. food safety Mediating Factors Agriculture – Nutrition Pathways: A Conceptual Framework Source: BMGF Agriculture Division
  3. 3. Agriculture – Nutrition Pathways: A Conceptual Framework HOUSEHOLD INCOME ALLOCATION OF FOOD MICRONUTRIENT AND FOOD AVAILABILITY NUTRIENT ABSORBTION AND UTILIZATION Determined by: • Distribution and consumption of food within the household. • Household size, age, gender, and health status (pregnant women, young children). Determined by: • Access to clean drinking water. • Toilet availability and sanitation. Determined by: • Spatial location of household (proximity to diverse food retailers). • Agricultural diversification and livestock. • Diversity in food production. • Government interventions and safety-net programs. Determined by: • Smallholder agricultural productivity. • Off-farm employment. • Household labor allocation. • Seasonality (labor, food production). Relative food prices and price policy Sector-specific policies Age, gender, education Extent and type of agricultural commercial- ization Access to inputs, technology, extension services, or credit Gender norms and behavior. INDIVIDUAL NUTRITION HOUSEHOLD FOOD ACCESSS (Quantity, quality and diversity of food) INDIVIDUAL NUTRITION (Individual intake and absorption of nutrient-dense foods) Unique health conditions Necessary food safety standards. Individual calorie and micronutrient needs MediatingFactors MediatingFactors Women’s empower ment
  4. 4. Agriculture & Food Supply Policies Persistence of Green Revolution focus on staple grains Poor support for coarse grains, legumes, lentils, etc Lack of attention to high relative prices of micro-nutrient dense food – horticulture, livestock products High costs of smallholder linkage to organized food chains 4
  5. 5. What are the options for crop- neutral intensification? 5
  6. 6. Food Based Interventions Promotion of bio – fortified food – ex ante assessment and enabling policies Impact of food & cash based safety net programs 6
  7. 7. From traditional extension to community based behavior change Community participatory approaches to learning and change Women as drivers of change Role of ICTs in scaling up behavior change messages 7
  8. 8. From agriculture & nutrition silos to an agriculture-nutrition nexus 8
  9. 9. HH Income Micronutrient and food access Intra- household food allocation Nutrient Absorption and Utilization UN MDGs along the agriculture-nutrition pathway
  10. 10. HH Income Micronutrient and food access Intra- household food allocation Nutrient Absorption and Utilization Agricultural Interventions Other Interventions (e.g. Health, Education) NREGA, NRLM, RKVY, NHM PDS, NFSM ICDS MDM NRHM An Example from India: Government interventions along the pathway ICDS, TSM/WATS AN
  11. 11. Relevance of agriculture for the first 1000 days (from conception through the first two years)? Its about the nutrition & health of the mother
  12. 12. Breaking silos and building convergence across sectoral interventions Setting clear and measurable goals (eg: Reduction in child stunting by --% in –years) Goals and performance indicators need to cascade down to the community level Convergence of disparate government interventions happens at the community level and needs to be locally managed. Frequent and transparent monitoring of progress towards goals needs to be established 12
  13. 13. Rural change through women’s empowerment Women’s Self Help Group, Wardha District, Maharashtra Planning Sustainable Land Use, Kunti, Jharkhand
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15
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