Delia Grace, ILRI "Using Value Chains to Leverage Food Safety in Informal Markets"
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Delia Grace, ILRI "Using Value Chains to Leverage Food Safety in Informal Markets"



Science Forum 2013 (

Science Forum 2013 (
Breakout Session 4: Value Chains
Delia Grace, ILRI



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Delia Grace, ILRI "Using Value Chains to Leverage Food Safety in Informal Markets" Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 1 Using value chains to leverage food safety in informal markets Delia Grace, Program Leader Food Safety and Zoonoses, ILRI Theme Leader, Agriculture Associated Diseases, CRP A4NH Nutrition and health outcomes: targets for agricultural research ISPC, Bonn, 23-25th September, 2013
  • 2. 2 Country Percent Kenya 86 Tanzania 95 Uganda 90 Rwanda 90 Ethiopia 95 Malawi 95 Zambia 90 Source, A. Omore, 2006 Percent milk marketed via informal markets in selected countries in the region Why the informal sector matters Country Super-markets Angola 1 Botswana 42 DRC 0 Lesotho 4 Mauritius 12 Malawi 2 Mozambique 3 Namibia 35 Tanzania 5 Seychelles 0 Swaziland 18 Zambia 20 Zimbabwe 124
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  • 5. 5 Formal sector is not always better and informal is often persisting Every study finds benefits of informal sector: especially for women and the poor Hazards are not risks Raw milk Pasteurised 100% Fail to meet standards • Generates million of jobs • Raw milk earns more for the farmer and costs less for the household • Consumers prefer taste and provenance of local products
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  • 7. 7 How do risk-based approaches differ from conventional public health? Look at paths, as well as products Solution oriented not problem oriented
  • 8. 8 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Waste Disposal Utensils Cleaning regime Cold storage Personal hygiene Ingredient storage Preparation Selling area hygiene Hygienescore Poor quality sweeets Good or moderate quality sweets Traditional FS focus on hygiene Risk-based FS on where things go wrong What is different between traders who sell safe dairy sweets and those who sell risky sweets?
  • 9. 9 Risk mitigation Average of 17.25 risk mitigation strategies used Farmers who believed UA was legal used more strategies
  • 10. 10 Managing food safety in informal markets Innovations Incentives Institutions
  • 11. 11 Example: This study showed effective risk mitigation of informally-marketed milk by a traditional food processing Incidence rate 19.7/1000 If not fermented, 303.6/1000
  • 12. Incentives & institutions 12
  • 13. Agriculture Associated Diseases