1
Research for agricultural approaches in
farm to fork management of food safety
Delia Grace, Program Leader Food Safety a...
Overview
Agriculture and health
– Under and over-nutrition
– Food borne disease, emerging infections
– Disease-ogenic envi...
Agriculture & health
7 billion people
– 2 billion with hidden hunger
– 0.9 billion hungry
– 1.5 billion overweight or obes...
All deaths in early 2000s 57,000,000
Deaths from infectious disease 18,000,000
Child deaths in which malnutrition implicat...
5
Consumption, sanitation, child
care, contact animals,
disease-ogenic environment
Gut microbiome, exposure to toxins, rep...
6
7
8
9
10
Mapping & measuring the multiple burdens of
FOOD BORNE DISEASE
12
Growing concern over food safety but poor estimation of risk and
little understanding of the benefits of smallscale & i...
Innovations, incentives and institutions for managing
food borne disease
• Train, brand, certify informal
actors
• Develop...
THE CORE
PROBLEM
THE
CAUSES
Lost opportunities for smallholders in markets
Limited
access to
inputs
Inappropriate
scale &
...
Agriculture Associated Diseases
http://aghealth.wordpress.com/
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Delia Grace, ILRI "Research for Agricultural Approaches in Farm to Fork Management of Food Safety"

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Science Forum 2013 (www.scienceforum13.org)
Breakout Session 4: Food Safety

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Delia Grace, ILRI "Research for Agricultural Approaches in Farm to Fork Management of Food Safety"

  1. 1. 1 Research for agricultural approaches in farm to fork management of food safety Delia Grace, Program Leader Food Safety and Zoonoses, ILRI Theme Leader, Agriculture Associated Diseases, CRP A4NH Nutrition and health outcomes: targets for agricultural research ISPC, Bonn, 23-25th September, 2013
  2. 2. Overview Agriculture and health – Under and over-nutrition – Food borne disease, emerging infections – Disease-ogenic environments, direct zoonoses, occupational disease Food safety (FS) – Wet markets, wastes and high value foods – Toxins that target the poor Rationale for farm to fork approaches to FS – From punishment to prevention – Zoonotic reservoirs Research to support agricultural approaches to FS – Mapping and measuring multiple burdens – Innovations, incentives and institutions for management
  3. 3. Agriculture & health 7 billion people – 2 billion with hidden hunger – 0.9 billion hungry – 1.5 billion overweight or obese – 5 billion sickened from the food they eat – 2 billion exposed to farm hazards
  4. 4. All deaths in early 2000s 57,000,000 Deaths from infectious disease 18,000,000 Child deaths in which malnutrition implicated 5,000,000 Diarrhoeal disease deaths 3,000,000 HI V deaths (emerged from animals) 2,000,000 Road traffic deaths 1,200,000 Deaths f rom zoonoses 500,000 Child deaths from malnutrition 250,000 Fatal agricultural injuries 170,000 Liver cancer deaths due to aflatoxins 70,000 Extreme weather related deaths 20,000 Under and over-nutrition Food borne disease, emerging infections Disease-ogenic environments, direct zoonoses, occupational disease Ag + Health
  5. 5. 5 Consumption, sanitation, child care, contact animals, disease-ogenic environment Gut microbiome, exposure to toxins, repeated infections, environmental enteropathy Stunting, sickness, non- communicable disease Food Safet y Toxins that target the poor Wet markets & waste water
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  11. 11. Mapping & measuring the multiple burdens of FOOD BORNE DISEASE
  12. 12. 12 Growing concern over food safety but poor estimation of risk and little understanding of the benefits of smallscale & informal systems Which support livelihoods & nutrition of millions: especially women And supermarkets more risky than wet markets Often more animal-origin pathogens in vegetables than meat Hazard does not mean risk: High levels of brucellosis irrelevant to health where milk is boiled Regulation largely ineffective and sometimes counterproductive Food safety assurance as income generation More harassment by authorities = fewer good practices Solutions often simple, cheap and effective Assessing for insight
  13. 13. Innovations, incentives and institutions for managing food borne disease • Train, brand, certify informal actors • Develop & test technologies Photo: Chiang Mai One Health Center • Photo: • Women butchers in Ibadan: sell safer meat than men butchers Photo: Cysticercosis diagnostic • Capacity development
  14. 14. THE CORE PROBLEM THE CAUSES Lost opportunities for smallholders in markets Limited access to inputs Inappropriate scale & technologies Lack of market information Dysfunctiona l pricing & markets Inappropriate food- safety assessment, management & policy Threatened market access Limited value addition Low productivity Health risks in food Lost income Food insecurityHidden hunger WHOLE VALUE CHAIN INPUTS/SERVICES PRODUCTION MARKETINGPROCESSIN G CONSUMPTION High wastage & spoilage Unsafe food Poverty Disease THE IMPACTS CRP 4.3 Commodity & system CRP
  15. 15. Agriculture Associated Diseases http://aghealth.wordpress.com/

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