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Small Arms Transfers:Authorized but Unseen23 April 201310th International Security Forum 2013Christelle Rigual, Small Arms...
Presentation Outline■ What are undocumented authorized smallarms transfers?■ Which states fail to provide full info. on th...
WHAT ARE UNDOCUMENTED AUTHORIZEDSMALL ARMS TRANSFERS?Section I
Authorized Transfers• Transfers are: ‘activities of international tradecomprising export, import, transit, trans-shipment ...
Undocumented transfers: a typology• Undocumented authorized transfers– No reports, partial report or misreport of authoriz...
WHICH STATES FAIL TO PROVIDE FULL INFO. ONTHEIR INTERNATIONAL TRANSFERS?Section II
Gaps in Transparency• Top ten least transparentcountries, according to the SmallArms Survey TransparencyBarometer 2012 (am...
Major Exportersand Undocumented Transfers• Selected Major actors under-reporting (i,.e.not reporting all categories of wea...
Minor Exportersand Undocumented Transfers• Undocumented re-exports from state stockpiles– Angola deliveries of light weapo...
Unauthorized Re-exports• Authorized import of weapons, with provision of end-usercertificate, then violated by the importi...
Concluding Remarks■ Many routes for undocumentedauthorized transfers– Nationally authorized but no reported– Might contrad...
SMALL ARMS SURVEY 2012 • MOVING TARGETSSmall Arms Survey 2012Moving Targets23 April 201310th International Security ForumA...
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Small Arms Transfers: Authorized but Unseen

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Presented by Christelle Rigual for SIPRI at the 10th biennial International Security Forum (ISF), held in Geneva, 22 to 24 April.

For more information, visit the ISF 2013 website: http://www.isf.ethz.ch/

Published in: News & Politics, Business, Travel
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  • ‘The Monitoring Group has established that senior Government of Eritrea officials are also involved in arms trafficking through the Sudan and Egypt, and has obtained independent eyewitness testimonies, as well as intelligence reports, of several such incidents taking place between 2008 and 2011 (UNSC, 2011a, p. 95).
  • I leave the floor to PaulHoltom who will discuss in greater details Small Arms and Light Weapons exports of an important hidden actor of the small arms trade, China.
  • Transcript of "Small Arms Transfers: Authorized but Unseen"

    1. 1. Small Arms Transfers:Authorized but Unseen23 April 201310th International Security Forum 2013Christelle Rigual, Small Arms Survey
    2. 2. Presentation Outline■ What are undocumented authorized smallarms transfers?■ Which states fail to provide full info. on theirinternational transfers?
    3. 3. WHAT ARE UNDOCUMENTED AUTHORIZEDSMALL ARMS TRANSFERS?Section I
    4. 4. Authorized Transfers• Transfers are: ‘activities of international tradecomprising export, import, transit, trans-shipment andbrokering’ (Arms Trade Treaty, Art. 2, §2) of smallarms, light weapons, their parts, accessories, andammunitions• Authorized Transfers: ‘international transfers that areauthorized by the importing, exporting, or transit states.(Dreyfus, Marsh and Schroeder, 2009, p. 9–10).• Transparent transfers are reported through nationaland/or international instruments.
    5. 5. Undocumented transfers: a typology• Undocumented authorized transfers– No reports, partial report or misreport of authorizedtransfers by major exporters/producers– From minor exporters/producers• Transfers from previous imports or from surpluses• Undocumented re-exports (including unauthorized re-exports)• Illicit transfers– Unauthorized transfers– Diversion (from surpluses/stocks/transfers of lawful users)– Authorized but contradicting international standards
    6. 6. WHICH STATES FAIL TO PROVIDE FULL INFO. ONTHEIR INTERNATIONAL TRANSFERS?Section II
    7. 7. Gaps in Transparency• Top ten least transparentcountries, according to the SmallArms Survey TransparencyBarometer 2012 (among majorexporters)Least transparent majorexporters , 20101 Iran1 North Korea1 United Arab Emirates4 South Africa5 Saudi Arabia6 Russian Federation7 Singapore8 China9 Taiwan10 Cyprus10 BrazilSource: Lazarevic, 2012, p. 311
    8. 8. Major Exportersand Undocumented Transfers• Selected Major actors under-reporting (i,.e.not reporting all categories of weapons, missingpartners …)» Belgium» China» Russia» United States
    9. 9. Minor Exportersand Undocumented Transfers• Undocumented re-exports from state stockpiles– Angola deliveries of light weapons and ammunitions toCôte d’Ivoire in 2002– Albanian surpluses delivered to Benghazi in 2011
    10. 10. Unauthorized Re-exports• Authorized import of weapons, with provision of end-usercertificate, then violated by the importing country who re-exports the weapons to an unauthorized end-user.– United Arab Emirates and Qatar’s Swiss re-exports– Sudan re-transfers
    11. 11. Concluding Remarks■ Many routes for undocumentedauthorized transfers– Nationally authorized but no reported– Might contradict international standards■ Many possible untransparent actors– Major exporting countries under-reporting– Less known actors (non-exporters/producers)exporting from surpluses/previous imports
    12. 12. SMALL ARMS SURVEY 2012 • MOVING TARGETSSmall Arms Survey 2012Moving Targets23 April 201310th International Security ForumAny questions?www.smallarmssurvey.org
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