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Presentation held by Paul Holtom at the International Security Forum (ISF) on 23 April 2013. …

Presentation held by Paul Holtom at the International Security Forum (ISF) on 23 April 2013.

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  • 1. 13-04-25 FooterShining some light onChinese small armsexportsPaul Holtom23 April 2013
  • 2.  China’s export control system: regulations,procedures and policy Agencies responsible for controlling SALW exports Mapping Chinese SALW exports: scale anddestinations Reported UN arms embargo violations anddiversion risksSIPRI study on Chinese SALW exports
  • 3.  The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and ChineseSALW exports Authorised arms export companies and ChineseSALW exports European arms brokers and Chinese SALW exportsHighlighting ‘known’ actors
  • 4.  Historical role of the PLA in Chinese small armsexports Source of surplus, but still a supplier? PLA visits and exchanges with potential customers PLA training PLA presence at arms fairsThe PLA and Chinese SALWexports
  • 5.  Historical role of the state-owned defenceindustrial import-export enterprises in Chinesesmall arms exports Six import-export enterprises authorised to exportsmall arms and light weapons (includingMANPADS) The (in)significance of small arms exports forChina’s enterprises authorised to export small armsAuthorised arms export companiesand Chinese SALW exports
  • 6.  China’s official position on arms brokers … … and the role played by European arms brokers inthe supply of SALW to African states Gus van Kouwenhoven: brokering the supply of SALW to Liberiawhile subject to a UN arms embargo Gary Hyde: brokering the supply of SALW to Nigeria withoutauthorisation from the UK Serge Mueller: brokering the supply of SALW to Sierra Leonewithout authorisation from Belgium or SwitzerlandEuropean arms brokers andChinese SALW exports
  • 7.  It is assumed that China is a major SALW exporter,but data remains patchy The relationship between the PLA, defenceindustry and export companies and export controlauthorities is opaque There are still a lot of unanswered questions aboutthe main actors involved in Chinese SALW exportsConcluding remarks