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20130425 Business Case for the Adoption of Standards, Kieran Cox
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20130425 Business Case for the Adoption of Standards, Kieran Cox


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Kieran Cox of the National Standards Authority of Ireland, Business Case for the Adoption of Standards

Kieran Cox of the National Standards Authority of Ireland, Business Case for the Adoption of Standards

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  • 1. 1 Business Case for the Adoption of Standards Kieran Cox - National Standards Authority of Ireland -
  • 2. 2 National Standards Authority of Ireland  Government Agency – promoting the development, use and compliance with National, European and International Standards and European Directives  Mandate is derived from • NSAI Act 1996  Acts on behalf of the Minister for Jobs, Enterprise & Innovation, Richard Bruton.
  • 3. 3 NSAI responsibilities/departments • Development, Publication & Promotion of Standards (To comment on new standards visit the ‘Your Standards, Your Say’ section on • Certification and Inspection – Certification of a product or company to a Standard then audits for compliance • Legal Metrology Service – Calibration of equipment used in economic transactions • National Metrology Laboratory - maintenance and development of national standards for physical units and their dissemination to Irish users • Agrement Service – Certification of building materials, products or processes if published National Standards do not yet exist • Notified Body – CE Marking of Products to be placed on the European Market
  • 4. 4 Where do Standards come from? • Sub-national Bodies; Standards and codes of conduct. - Trade Associations or Professional Bodies e.g. Institute of Accountants, The Law Society, Engineers Ireland, British Retail Consortium. • National Standards Bodies (NSBs) (each EU member state has a National Standards body) - NSAI (Irish) (ETCI - Electro Technical Council of Ireland – (National wiring rules) - BSI (British) - DIN (German) - AFNOR (French) - AENOR (Spanish) - Etc. • Regional Standards Bodies (Europe) - Act to promote voluntary technical harmonisation in a specific region, in conjunction with regional partners and worldwide bodies. - Publication of Standards & Technical Specifications to help achieve the Single Market in Europe. CEN (European Committee for Standardisation) CENELEC (European Committee for Electro technical Standardisation) ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) • International Standards Bodies • ISO (International Standards Organisation) • IEC (International Electro technical Commission, non-profit, non-governmental organisation) • ITU (International Telecommunications Union, United Nations agency)
  • 5. 5 What types of Standards exist? The foremost aim of international standardization is to facilitate the exchange of goods and services through the elimination of technical barriers to trade. 4 major types;  Fundamental Standards – Terminology, signs, symbols etc. (e.g. ISO 1998-1 – Petroleum Industry – Terminology)  Test Methods – detail test and analysis methods for products (e.g. I.S. 148 – Flammability and Labelling Requirements of Fabrics and Fabric Assemblies Used In Children's Nightwear)  Product Specification Standards – define characteristics of a product or service with performance thresholds (e.g. I.S. EN 492 Fibre-Cement Slates and Fittings - Product Specification and Test Methods)  Management System Standards – describe the functions and structure/relationships within an organisation. (e.g. ISO 9001- Quality Management Systems - Requirements)
  • 6. Standards in everyday life Failures in Standardisation; • Electrical plugs and sockets • Phone chargers • Motor Industry - Right and left hand drive cars • Irish importer of gas cookers imported cookers with no flame failure devices. Subsequently a Standard was published which required all cookers to have a flame failure device. The importer had stock worth hundreds of thousands of Euros which didn’t comply with the new Standard which is referenced in legislation. • NASA lost the $125 million Mars Climate Orbiter because a Lockheed Martin engineering team used English units of measurement while the NASA team used the more conventional metric system for a key spacecraft operation. 6
  • 7. Standards in everyday life Success in Standardisation;  Credit/Debit Cards  USB memory sticks  Computer software  Mobile phones/telecommunications  Medical Devices  Furniture, window blinds, Clothes, Toys etc.  In fact, almost all products produced today are influenced by one Standard or another , if not directly then indirectly.  Are Standards Voluntary?  ‘The Law’, ‘EU Directives’ and ‘Harmonized Standards’  RAPEX – The EU Rapid Alert System preventing or restricting marketing or use of products posing a serious risk to health and safety of consumers. 7
  • 8. Why should I be interested in Standards? • Knowledge - about the industry you work in. • Research and Innovation – Don’t waste time and effort. • You should know what is coming down the line that could have a negative effect in terms of creating a barrier to the work you have done. • A Standard could be under development as you are carrying out research, which may render your work obsolete. • Ensure Standards are not hindering your product • have them developed to suit your product. • have them changed to suit your product. • Set the bar for competitors • get involved in developing a Standard that opens doors for your product. • force competitors to invest in R&D to then suit requirements of what is effectively YOUR product Standard. • Develop a standard that encourages use of your product e.g. Standard for video players and the resulting VHS/Beta ‘tape wars’. 8
  • 9. 9 The Business and Economic Benefits of Standards Business Benefits of using Standards: • Reducing business risk • Ensuring interoperability and compatibility of products • Increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of R&D • Supporting development of new products and markets • Enabling international expansion • Ability to meet legislative and regulatory requirements • Access to and success in public procurement Business benefits of participating in the standardisation process: • Access to ‘state of the art’ knowledge • Timely access to information and knowledge on future Standards • An opportunity to learn and discuss ideas with others • Opportunity to raise company profile • ‘Partnering’ opportunities with companies interested in the same product/process • Opportunity to influence future Standards • Unique networking opportunity
  • 10. The Business and Economic Benefits of Standards Engaging in the use of Standards and the Standardisation process could be the most important strategic decision you make, or don’t make, for your business! ISO Studies on the benefits of Standards • EU Commission - Using Standards to support growth, competitiveness and innovation • policies/documents/no.2_sme_standards_en.pdf NSAI SME Portal • 10