Dr. john sugden


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Dr. john sugden

  1. 1. The Sociology of Sport and the Quest for Peace in the Middle East: Between Idealism and Fatalism<br />Professor John Sugden<br />
  2. 2. The Question?<br />What difference does the fact that its director is a sociologist make for the Football Peace Programme?<br />
  3. 3. Northern Ireland 1982-1996<br />The ‘Troubles’<br />University of Ulster<br />Belfast<br />Anglo Games<br />Gaelic Games<br />Belfast United<br />
  4. 4. Israel and Palestine<br />2001-2010<br />
  5. 5. Deep structure of a sociological framework<br />Pragmatism the science of the possible whereby action and intervention is linked to outcomes which themselves are based upon a critical assessment of what can be achieved within a given set of circumstances;<br />Left-Realism: the mobilisation of a radical and critical sociology in determining strategies for progressive engagement with social problems with a view to making interventions and developing policies in the service of social justice (praxis);<br />Transformative Civil Society Actions: understanding the dynamic between political processes and forms of cultural intervention and resistance;<br /><ul><li>Human Rights: ‘education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace’. (Article 26 of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights,1948)</li></li></ul><li>The Journey Back to C. Wright Mills<br />Illustrating the value of a ‘sociological imagination’ in the design, delivery, and evaluation of sport-based conflict resolution interventions*.<br />*C. Wright Mills and the End of Violence, (J. D. Brewer, 2003)<br />
  6. 6. C. Wright Mills, the Sociological Imagination and Understanding/Contributing to Peace Processes*<br />A sociology of peace process should not offer grand theory or a universal scheme to understand peace processes in general, but is restricted in its applicability to specified cases that exist in real time and space – context is everything;<br />History is a critical feature of this context;<br />Understanding peace processes must focus on the intersection between biography, social structure and the political process;<br />Develop appropriate theoretical explanations based on a dialogue between experiential knowledge and ‘informed eclecticism’;<br />It is important to understand and harness the interaction between the local and the societal by exploring how ordinary people experience conflict and its consequences, and whose responses to which affects the conflict and the peace process (dialectic between ‘personal troubles’ and ‘public issues’);<br />Don’t be a bystander – critically engage, intervene and disseminate<br />
  7. 7. Surface Theories: Models of Conflict Resolution and Strategies for Action<br />Incremental peace building from below – Freire and Curle<br />Gaultung’s 3 Rs–Reconstruction, Reconciliation, Resolution<br />Re-humanzing through shared rituals – Schirch<br />Subsystem approaches – Duggan’s Nested Web<br />Strategic Networking – Lederach<br />
  8. 8. The Ripple Effect<br />7.International <br />Dimensions<br />6.PoliticalSociety<br />Human Rights<br />Social Justice<br />5. Policy Communities<br />4. Network Partners<br />3. Local Leaders<br />2. Significant <br />Others<br />Research &<br />Evaluation<br />Critical Pragmatism<br />Children (RSG)<br />Design and Development<br />Transcending<br />Social & Political<br />Context<br />
  9. 9. Laying an RSG: Quality of Contact & Promoting Values Through Sport Education<br />Equality and inclusiveness<br />Trust<br />Respect <br />Responsibility<br />
  10. 10. Jerusalem: Contested Terrain<br />Jerusalem occupied by Israel 1967;<br />Jurisdiction over Arab East Jerusalem and the Old City considered illegal by the U.N.<br />Jerusalem has always been a deeply divided/shared city but historically has learned to manage this<br />Bethlehem<br />
  11. 11. I’ll be back!<br />Joao <br />Havelange<br />Horst <br />Dassler<br />Chuck Blazer<br />Franz<br />Beckenbauer<br />Sepp Blatter<br />Lennart <br />Johansson<br />Alec McGivern<br />Alex<br />Ferguson<br />Nicolás Leoz  <br />Charlie <br />Dempsey<br />Jack <br />Warner<br />Isa Hayatou<br />Michael <br />Zen-Ruffinen<br />Michael<br />Platini<br />Peter<br />Veleplan<br />
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