“I just don’t always think you can control the winning… I mean, the winning is a result, it’s not the process. The process is what interests me more than the result. I love to win. I’m super competitive. So that happens naturally. I think it’s why I need to focus more on the other things.”<br />(Elaine, lacrosse coach)<br />
“…the girls had no idea whether they were winning or losing during the game. That shocked me. They were just so excited that they played a game of lacrosse they didn’t realize we had lost. They were so excited.”<br />(Rachel, lacrosse coach)<br />
2<br />Sports offer a wide varietyof life skills… <br />
“I believe that if you put in the work, sometimes you get the result you want, and sometimes you don’t, and that’s life, and that’s soccer, and I think you can learn as much from losing as you do from winning. Sometimes you learn more from losing.” <br />(Sharon, soccer coach)<br />
“There are some times when we lost, we put it all out there, we did our best… I always try to bring the kids back to that after the game. How did we play? Not did we win, did we lose, but how did we play?”<br />(Olivia, water polo coach)<br />
How do athletes understand “trying to win”?<br />How does “trying to win” influence coaching?<br />What are the costs of “trying to win”?<br />What do we need to know?(Issues of concern…)<br />
d’Alary Dalton, Ed.D.<br />Power of Sport Summit<br />Coaching to win and teaching positive life skills in competitive sports <br />email@example.com<br />6/7/2010<br />
References<br />Andrews, D., Mason, D. S., & Silk, M. L. (2005). Qualitative Studies in Sport Studies. New York: Berg Publishers.<br />Barber, B., Eccles, J., & Stone, M. (2001). Whatever happened to the jock, the brain, and the princess? Young adult pathways linked to adolescent activity involvement and social identity. Journal of Adolescent Research, 16, 429-455.<br />Beller, J., & Stoll, S. (1995). Moral development of high school athletes. Journal of Pediatric Science, 7 (4), 352-363.<br />Bredemeier, B. J., & Shields, D. L. (1986). Game reasoning and interactional morality. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 147 (2), 257-275.<br />Bredemeier, B. J., & Shields, D. L. (2001). Moral growth among athletes and nonathletes: A comparative analysis. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 147 (1), 7-18.<br />Coakley, J. (2002). Using Sports to control deviance and violence among youths: Let’s be critical and cautious. In M. Gatz, M.A. Messner, & S.J. Ball-Rokeach (Eds.), Paradoxes of Youth and Sport (pp. 13-30). Albany, NY: SUNY Press.<br />Denzin, N., & Lincoln, Y. (1998). Major paradigms and perspectives. In N. Denzin, & Y. Lincoln (Eds.), The landscape of qualitative research: Theories and issues (pp. 1885-220). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.<br />
References<br />Duda, J. L., Olson, L. K., & Templin, T. J. (1991). The relationship of task and ego orientation to sportsmanship attitudes and the perceived legitimacy of injurious acts. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport, 62 (1), 79-87.<br />Eitzen, S. (2006). Fair and Foul: Beyond the myths and paradoxes of sport (3rd ed.). New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.<br />Fejgin, N. (1994). Participation in high school competitive sports: A subversion of school mission or contribution to academic goals? Sociology of Sport Journal, 11 (3), 211-223.<br />Hansen, D. M., Laron, R., & Dworkin, J. (2003). What adolescents learn in organized youth activities: A survey of self-reported developmental experiences. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 13, 25-56.<br />Heeren, J. W., & Requa, M. (2001). Winning ways: Constructing values on a girls high school field hockey team. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 25 (4), 417-429.<br />Holt, N. L. & Sehn, Z. (2008). Processes associated with positive youth development and participation in competitive youth sports. In Holt, N. L. (Ed.), Positive Youth Development Through Sport (pp.24-33). New York: Routledge.<br />Holt, N. L., Tink, L. N., Mandigo, J. L., & Fox, K. R. (2008). Do youth learn life skills through their involvement in high school sport? Canadian Journal of Education, 31 (2), 281-304.<br />
References<br />Jones, M. & Lavallee, D. (2009). Exploring perceived life skills development and participation in sport. Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise, 1 (1), 36-50.<br />Josephson Institute. (2007). Pursuing victory with honor. Retrieved September 8, 2009, from http://www.cifstate.org/education_programs/pvh/index.html. <br />Larson, R. W. (2000). Toward a psychology of positive youth development. American Psychologist, 55, 170-183.<br />Petitpas, et. al. (2005). A framework for planning youth sports programs that foster psychosocial development. The Sport Psychologist, 19: 63-80.<br />Pfister, R. (1998). Aggressive behaviors as a function of competition level and time: A field study. Journal of Sport Behavior, 1-7.<br />Romand, P., & Pantaléon, N. (2007). A qualitative study of rugby coaches' opinions about the display of moral character. The Sport Psychologist, 21, 58-77.<br />Siegel, D. (2007). Re-conceptualizing and recreating youth sports in Boston. Boston: Barr Foundation.<br />Stephens, D. E. (2001). Predictors of aggressive tendencies in girls' basketball: An examination of beginning and advanced participants in a summer skills camp. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 72 (3), 257.<br />Strong, J. M. (1992). A dysfunctional and yet winning youth football team. Journal of Sport Behavior, 15 (4), 319.<br />
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