Clemens ley movement therapy to sport


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Clemens ley movement therapy to sport

  1. 1. ISDPA Power of Sport Summit, Boston, 10-12 June 2010 From movement therapy to sport possibilities and limitations of different approaches in psychosocial health promotion in context of violence and conflict Dr. Clemens Ley Interdisciplinary Centre of Excellence for Sports Science and Development (ICESSD) University of the Western Cape, South Africa
  2. 2. Movement, games and sport in psychosocial health intervention - Interest from Psychotherapy to work with body and movement-centred methods in context of violence and conflict (e.g. Joachim, 2006; Koop, 2000) - Integrative Trauma Therapy in post-conflict context or with refugees (e.g. Abdallah-Steinkopff, 2001; Callaghan, 1993; Endel, 1996; Gray, 2001; Koch, & Weidinger, 2009; Koop, 2000; Schaeffer, 2004; Suchanek, 2003) - Sport and Movement Therapy in context of conflict and violence or trauma related (e.g. Akhundov, 1999; Harris, 2007; Kalksma- Van Lith, 2007; Karcher, 1996, 2000; Ley, 2009; Petzold, 1999; Wertheim-Cahen, Euwema & Nabarro, 2005) - Sport in context of conflict and violence (e.g. Armstrong, 2004; Gasser & Levinsen, 2004; Keim, 2003; Kunz, 2009; Sugden, 2006) or trauma related (e.g. Colliard & Baggio, 2007; Grassrootsoccer, 2007; Henley, Schweizer, de Gara, & Vetter, 2007; Henley, 2005; ICSSPE, 2008)
  3. 3. Different types of effects of movement, games and sport Immediate effect Mediate effect Holistic effect e.g. physical and e.g. vehicle of e.g. unity of spirit, metabolic adaptation Education, therapy, etc. mind and body. (Nitsch & Nitsch, 1979; Knobloch, 2001)
  4. 4. Different approaches Psychological orientation Movement Psychotherapy Dance Movement Therapy Psychomotor Therapy Therapeutic recreation Psychomotor education Medical Movement, games Pedagogical orientation and sport in health – social intervention orientation Sport medicine Physical education Physiotherapy Therapeutic Swimming Hydrotherapy Functional / physical orientation (Hölter 1993; Ley, 2007)
  5. 5. Combining verbal and non- verbal tools in psychosocial health promotion - Varity of tools: sport, small games, dynamics, participatory tools, dance, relaxation exercises, body awareness exercises, verbal reflection, group discussion, mutual support, sociodrama, … - In ‘movement’: physical, emotional & social - Participatory, active & creative - Observation of body in movement and interaction - Safe and protected space to experiment and learn - Starting from their experiences - Resource orientated - Facilitation of meaningful life-experiences - Making awareness of experiences and action
  6. 6. Health-ease Dis-ease continuum Stress management State of Resources, protective tension Risk factors, stressors factors (social, cognitive, (social, cognitive, psychological, physical) psychological, physical) Sense of Enforce / increase Significant Life Coherence experiences (SOC) Cushion Facilitate MOVEMENT, GAMES AND SPORTS (Bös & Brehm, 2006; Hölter, 2001; Huber, 2004; Ley, 2003; et al.)
  7. 7. Conception Realization Evaluation
  8. 8. Methodology of intervention: APM CONCEPTION / PLANNING Impairment Capacities and limitations on Objectives of movement, (Structure and activities and participation games and sport program function) Physical and Physical (activities) Physical psychological wounds as - Insecurity in movement and coordination - Coordination direct impact of - Tiredness and exhaustion, low - Body perception physical, performance - Reduce somatic pains psychological, - Physical weakness, psychosomatic illness - Relaxation sexual or - Limited body perception and sensitiveness patrimonial violence Psychosocial (participation) Psychosocial and educative - Low self-esteem / attribution of culpability - Self-confidence - Feeling of impotence regarding the - Integrity of the person violence, impunity and own situation - Positive attitude - Few creativity and knowledge of - Confidence and mutual support alternatives - Expression of opinion and - Avoiding of the problem. feelings - Social isolation - Creativity and knowledge - Family and social disintegration - Search for alternatives and - Spiritual and moral disillusionment solutions (based on: Schüle & Schnieders, 2004)
  9. 9. Methodology of intervention: APM REALISATION EVALUATION Methods of movement, games and sports Qualitative techniques : - Semi-structures interviews Physical - Participatory group techniques - Movements of middle-low intensity, intercalation of breaks, - Participatory observation psycho-physiological regulation. (Field notes y diaries) - Stretching, mobilization - Exercises centered in the body and in body awareness Quantitative techniques: - Relaxation exercises Questionnaire: - Orientation to Life (SOC) Psychosocial and educative - Health locus of control - Subjective health status - Cooperative games, etc. - Self-esteem scales - Movement tasks, drama, popular theatre, role games. - Q. about spirituality - Adapted movements, games and sports - Positive support of positive and significant experiences - Techniques of mutual support and group therapy - Participatory group techniques