Integrated Risk Management for Africa (IRMA)


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Disaster risk reduction policies and institutional mechanisms exist at various degrees of completeness in the African countries represented in the IRMA Consortium. Their effectiveness is however limited when dealing with major disasters and complex emergencies. Risk management is often limited to specific hazard monitoring with limited or no consideration of the vulnerabilities of the area at risk neither to the systemic nature and possible domino effect between risks of different kinds. It is the vulnerability of the population and or the infrastructure at risk that may transform a hazard into a major disaster.

It is nowadays largely recognized that an efficient response to these situations must rely upon Information and Communications Systems, which will offer the stakeholders reliable, comprehensive information to anticipate risks and to respond to emergencies. An innovative use of state-of-the-art ICT is part of the solution. In industrialized countries disaster risk reduction is based on high tech expensive solutions which require coordination of a wide range of actors each with a set of functions and responsibilities for which they are accountable and a specific infrastructure that is designed to resist most disasters. Private mobile radio systems are just an example of telecom infrastructure for public safety. None of this is or will be available in developing countries in a foreseeable future.

In this context, the IRMA project intends to build a reference platform suitable for the management of natural and environmental risks in Africa. The platform must allow the stakeholders in risk management to develop and use tailored risk management models and tools; therefore, the platform will be build upon the achievements of former EU projects such as WIN, ORCHESTRA, SSE, SANY and u-2010, as there are interoperable components, information infrastructure architectures and solutions, as well as clients and management tools and frameworks that allow to set up an efficient and sustainable multi-risks management.

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Integrated Risk Management for Africa (IRMA)

  1. 1. Integrated Risk Management for Africa
  2. 2. IRMA key data <ul><li>Collaborative project </li></ul><ul><li>3 years </li></ul><ul><li>€ 3.5M total budget - € 2.5M EC contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Started in June 2008: the kick-off meeting was held in Luxembourg on 3-5 June 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>16 partners </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>including major players in the IP business </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the governments of Luxembourg, Mozambique and Morocco participate to support the emergency service trials </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>University of Luxembourg (UL), Luxembourg </li></ul><ul><li>Centre d e Communication du Gouvernement (CCG), Luxembourg </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies Sans Frontières (TSF), Luxembourg </li></ul><ul><li>Spacebel S.A. (SPB), Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Thales Alenia Space France (TAS-F), France </li></ul><ul><li>SES ASTRA TECHCOM S.A. (SES-ASTRA), Luxemburg </li></ul><ul><li>Cisco Systems International B.V. (Cisco), The Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Réseau National de Télécommunication pour la Technologie, l’enseignement et la Recherche (RENATER), France </li></ul><ul><li>Universiteit Van Tilburg (KUB), The Netherlands </li></ul>IRMA Project - Participants
  5. 5. <ul><li>Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Centre de Suivi Ecologique (CSE), Senegal </li></ul><ul><li>Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale (CRTS), Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Agence Nationale de Réglémentation des Télécommunications (ANRT), Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Ecole Nationale Supérieure Polytechnique de l’Université de Yaoundé I (ENSP), Cameroon </li></ul><ul><li>Unidade Técnica de Implementação da Politica de Informática (ICT Policy Implementation Technical Unit) (UTICT), Mozambique </li></ul>IRMA Project – Participants
  6. 6. IRMA Project vision <ul><li>To provide the most capable communication tools </li></ul><ul><li>To provide the most effective access to information… </li></ul><ul><li>… to everybody required to swiftly act in case of accident, incident, catastrophe or crisis </li></ul><ul><li>… whilst using existing and/or future (tele)communication infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>based on IP communication. </li></ul>
  7. 7. IRMA Project goals
  8. 8. IRMA Project goals (continued) <ul><li>Create solutions that are as universal as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Interworking with existing networks is a wish but not in the focus of the project </li></ul><ul><li>Trial and validation activities will show the application of the results in the real life crisis scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Results of u-2010 project as showcase for other countries </li></ul>
  9. 9. IRMA Expected Achievements <ul><li>A coherent suite of architectural concepts and methodologies applicable to multi-risks management situations in Africa , including advanced multiple vulnerability assessment to cope with complex emergencies. </li></ul><ul><li>An integrated set of tools , compliant with the above mentioned concepts and methodologies and with current and emerging international standards. </li></ul><ul><li>A pre-operational infrastructure and access-platform , assessed by end-users through operational scenarios serving as reference for future larger scale deployment and providing the facilities for prototyping risk management systems and for supporting a rapid development of applications services. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Specific applications (bushfire, flood, desertification and urban risks) dedicated to the demonstration of multi-risks management in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>A versatile communications system enabling high and/or low rates Internet transfer. </li></ul><ul><li>A reliable, low cost communications system enabling alert messages and possibly emergency communications in any location of Africa (i.e. even where no electricity is supplied) </li></ul><ul><li>A management concept to monitor and automatically control the functions of services and networks shown as critical through the dependability and vulnerability analysis. </li></ul>IRMA Expected Achievements
  11. 11. IRMA Contribution to EC policies <ul><li>DG Development: the EU strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in Developing Countries , whose objective is to contribute to sustainable development by reducing the burden of disaster in the most vulnerable countries and by the integration of DRR into development and humanitarian policies and into crisis response. </li></ul><ul><li>DG Environment : to contribute to the creation of a Single Environment Information Space and to INSPIRE </li></ul><ul><li>DG Information and Society : advancing the Internet by deploying IPv6, especially in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>DG Research : to contribute to the validation of the SICA approach to international cooperation with developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>DG Enterprise: to integrate upcoming GMES downstream services </li></ul>
  13. 13. IRMA: the Senegal Scenarios (Bush Fire and Desertification) Desertification CSE
  14. 14. IRMA: the Mozambique Scenarios (Floods) UTICT FLOODS
  15. 15. IRMA: the Cameroon-Yaoundé Urban Risk Scenario – The Sensor Network ENSP
  16. 16. IRMA: the Moroccan Integrated Risk Scenarios (Flood, Urban risk) CRTS ANRT
  17. 17. IRMA: the South African Integrated Risk Scenarios (Flood, Bush fire, Urban Risk) CSIR
  18. 18. IRMA Project Functional Structure
  19. 19. IRMA Project Structure
  20. 20. WP0: Project Management WP Leader: UL, CCG <ul><li>WP objectives: to provide the internal project management and the overall co-ordination of activities, financial and technical planning and control. </li></ul><ul><li>to establish the project management procedures </li></ul><ul><li>to perform the management duties (reports) </li></ul><ul><li>to establish the project website </li></ul>Deliverable N° Deliverable name Deadline D0.1 Project presentation T0+3 D0.2 Project procedures: project management plan, reporting procedures, reporting templates, quality assurance plan, website. T0+3, T0+4 D0.3. 1 - 4 Periodic reports T0+10, T0+19, T0+28, T0+38 D0.4 Publishable Final Project Report T0+38
  21. 21. WP1: Requirements analysis WP Leader: UL, CCG <ul><li>WP objectives: to identify the major needs and issues that IRMA must address in order to be able to implement scenarios targeted by the project </li></ul><ul><li>to provide a status of the current practices and resources available </li></ul><ul><li>to provide a plan for the improvement of risk management in African context: users requirements, methodology to represent multiple vulnerabilities </li></ul><ul><li>to evaluate the past and on-going activities (IST projects, GEO…) </li></ul><ul><li>to define detailed scenarios </li></ul>Deliverable N° Deliverable name Deadline D1.1 Methodology and questionnaire for risk management analysis T0+3 D1.2 Best practices and needs for risk management in Africa T0+6 D1.3 Report on the existing services and applications T0+6 D1.4.1 D1.4.2 Scenarios definition report Users requirements document T0+9, T0+12 T0+9, T0+12 D1.5 Scientific report on multi-risk methodologies T0+12
  22. 22. WP2: System Definition and Architecture WP Leader: TAS-F <ul><li>WP objectives: to design a service oriented architecture </li></ul><ul><li>to provide the technical requirements based on WP1 results </li></ul><ul><li>to study the technologies resulting from previous and on-going projects </li></ul><ul><li>to analyse and select open source components applicable to IRMA </li></ul><ul><li>to design a cost-effective, sustainable global architecture </li></ul><ul><li>to produce technical specifications for the core IRMA platform sub-systems </li></ul><ul><li>to provide a test and validation plan for the sub-systems </li></ul><ul><li>to provide a methodology and development handbook </li></ul>Deliverable N° Deliverable name Deadline D2.1 Technical Requirement Document T0+9, T0+18 D2.2 Report on the potential use of background and open source components T0+12 D2.3 Global Architecture Design Document T0+12, T0+18 D2.4 Specifications of the Data Acquisition sub-systems T0+6, T0+16, T0+30 D2.5 Specifications of Risk Management Applications T0+15 D2.6 Specifications of the Telecommunication sub-systems T0+15, T0+30 D2.7 Test and Validation Plan T0+18 D2.8 Methodology and development handbook T0+10
  23. 23. WP 3.1: Implementation and Integration of IRMA Core Services WP Leader: TAS-F <ul><li>WP objectives: to develop the ready-to-use generic set of tools </li></ul><ul><li>to integrate and test the IRMA generic platform </li></ul><ul><li>to provide an installation kit of the IRMA generic platform </li></ul><ul><li>to deploy it to the countries involved in the experimentations </li></ul>Deliverable N° Deliverable name Deadline D3.1 Generic IRMA platform Test and Validation Report for the Generic IRMA platform IRMA generic platform &quot;installation kit and deployment guidelines&quot; T0+20 T0+22 T0+24
  24. 24. WP 3.2: Implementation and Integration of IRMA Communications Layer WP Leader: Cisco <ul><li>WP objectives: to research and develop networking solutions in order to configure a virtual common domain over heterogeneous large-scale networks </li></ul><ul><li>to research the alert and communication sub-system </li></ul><ul><li>to ensure interoperability of the communications networks </li></ul><ul><li>to investigate the location-based services </li></ul><ul><li>t o integrate and test the communications systems </li></ul><ul><li>to integrate and test the Early Warning and Alerting system </li></ul>Deliverable N° Deliverable name Deadline D3.2 Specification of the IRMA communications scenarios and preliminary architecture Report on IRMA mobility solution Report on IRMA recommended security and privacy protocols Report on IRMA survivability of networks in crisis situations Report on sensors/RFID solutions for disaster risk management Specification of the collaborative emergency platform Guidelines for the deployment of Telecommunications infrastructure T0+18 T0+18 T0+18 T0+18 T0+24 T0+12 T0+21
  25. 25. WP 4.0: Tests, trials, validation and final demo WP Leader: Spacebel <ul><li>WP objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>to develop, implement, test, and demonstrate the pilots and to co-ordinate the implementation of the three pilots in Senegal, Mozambique, and Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>to perform the global demonstration </li></ul>
  26. 26. WP 4.1: Implementation and demonstration of the risk management in Senegal WP Leader: CSE Deliverable N° Deliverable name Deadline D4.1.1 Software component T0+25 D4.1.2 Integration test and validation plan T0+25 D4.1.3 Integration test and validation report (thematic platform) T0+27 D4.1.4 Test report for the communications infrastructure T0+27 D4.1.5 Integration test and validation report (full scenario) T0+28 D4.1.6 Evaluation report for the demonstration T0+31
  27. 27. WP 4.2: Implementation and demonstration of the risk management in Cameroon WP Leader: ENSP Deliverable N° Deliverable name Deadline D4.2.1 Software component T0+26 D4.2.2 Integration test and validation plan T0+26 D4.2.3 Integration test and validation report (thematic platform) T0+28 D4.2.4 Test report for the communications infrastructure T0+28 D4.2.5 Integration test and validation report (full scenario) T0+29 D4.2.6 Evaluation report for the demonstration T0+32
  28. 28. WP 4.3: Implementation and demonstration of the risk management in Mozambique WP Leader: UTICT Deliverable N° Deliverable name Deadline D4.3.1 Software component T0+27 D4.3.2 Integration test and validation plan T0+27 D4.3.3 Integration test and validation report (thematic platform) T0+29 D4.3.4 Test report for the communications infrastructure T0+29 D4.3.5 Integration test and validation report (full scenario) T0+30 D4.3.6 Evaluation report for the demonstration T0+33
  29. 29. WP5: Dissemination, Standardisation, Exploitation and Technical Update WP Leader: UL, CCG <ul><li>WP objectives: to manage support activities to the project </li></ul><ul><li>to disseminate the results of the project as widely as possible </li></ul><ul><li>to provide an exploitation plan for the most significant IRMA results </li></ul><ul><li>to ensure that the IRMA developments are fully compliant with existing and emerging standards </li></ul><ul><li>to p ropose the IRMA architecture to standardisation bodies as a best practice in the field </li></ul><ul><li>to organise train-the-trainer workshop </li></ul>Deliverable N° Deliverable name Deadline D5.1 Dissemination and Use plan T0+6, T0+18, T0+30 D5.2 Report on standardization activities T0+12, T0+24 D5.3 Technical update needs of African partners and targeted countries Technical material (general topics) Technical material (implementation oriented) Technical sessions report T0+9 T0+15 T0+28 T0+35
  30. 30. IRMA Work Plan
  31. 31. <ul><li>More information on </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Contact details: Prof. Dr. Thomas Engel </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>+ 352 4666 44 5263 </li></ul>