2012 ISCN Symposium - Campus Planning Practice in China


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2012 ISCN Symposium - Campus Planning Practice in China

  1. 1. 2012 Symposium The Power of PartnershipCampus Planning Practicein China Based on Sustainable Development Author Name: Kai Liu Author Title: Associate Prof. Huazhong University of Science and Technology Email: lk89@163.com
  2. 2. STRATEGY Energy-saving and Resource Conservation 1 • • • Establishment of a recycling system for materials and energy within the campus Optimization in energy consumption and minimization of pollution Application of green technologies Reclaimed water system Dual water supply system Rainwater Harvesting Solar energy application Bio-energy application 2012 Symposium | Power of Partnership Sustainable campus model
  3. 3. STRATEGY Landuse Conservation 2 Concentrated Layout The Chinese landscape is largely made up of mountains and hills. Plains or areas with gentle slope only cover 17%. Thus, Landuse conservation in campus planning is crucial. A concentrated layout of buildings shortens the lines of traffic flow, saves on infrastructure investment, improves the efficiency of landuse, and creates more open space. 2012 Symposium | Power of Partnership
  4. 4. STRATEGY Climate Adaptation 3 Climate adaptation in campus planning is to minimize the dependence on conventional energy consumption and use the appropriate technologies to take advantage of the natural elements such as sun, wind, temperature, humidity, etc. to create a comfortable living environment. 2012 Symposium | Power of Partnership
  5. 5. STRATEGY Respect for Environment Campus planning 4 Integration with the Nature The tradition is still inherited by contemporary designers. Campus Planning always tries to keep the original natural landscape, and respects the features of physical aspect such as geography, topography and hydrology at the same time. Buildings are designed with moderate scale, and are in harmony with the nature. South China Normal University, Nanhai Institute 2012 Symposium | Power of Partnership
  6. 6. STRATEGY Future-oriented Campus 5 planning Flexible Growth The development of an university is a continuous and organic process. There is often no ultimate ideal state. Therefore, a sufficient flexibility should be considered upon the growth of campus space in the beginning of the campus planning. Flexible strategy is reflected in : • Possibility of phased construction • Adaptability of architectural space • Integrity in development process 2012 Symposium | Power of Partnership
  7. 7. STRATEGY People-oriented 6 Campus planning should be people-oriented. It should consider and respect the material and spiritual needs of users, be consistent with human behavior, and focus on the emotional feelings of users. People-oriented planning should emphasize on appropriate campus-scale, walk priority, separation of pedestrian and vehicles, and create a multi-level campus communication space. 2012 Symposium | Power of Partnership
  8. 8. STRATEGY Sustainability of Campus Culture 7 Campus culture is formed through a long period of time. Sustainability of campus culture of is a prominent issue in the new campus planning. Shenyang Architectural College moved to a new site. Memory would be the lost as a result of the demolition of the old site. Therefore, the old gate, old statues, and so on, the landmarks of the old campus were relocated to the new campus. The cost was covered by the donations from the alumni. Zhongshan University set up a new campus in a University City. In order to carry forward the campus memory, a copy of the memorial arch was built in the new campus. 2012 Symposium | Power of Partnership
  9. 9. STRATEGY Sustainable Growth of Campuses & Cities 8 Resource Sharing A university city is formed by a number of institutions, which is the ideal place for resource sharing. Sharing takes place on three levels: city, university city and campus. 城市级共享 university city city level campus level level 2012 Symposium | Power of Partnership
  10. 10. STRATEGY Sustainability of Local Residential Life 9 The construction of a new campus will inevitably bring about the migration of local residents. Is it possible to allow the continuity of the local residential life in the grand scheme of the sustainable campus development? In the planning of Guangzhou University City, four villages were preserved. Eventually they were integrated into the new community. Huge population of the University City and a long-term, stable consumer group2012 Symposium | Power of Partnership those original residents. provide adequate employment opportunities for