BOOLEAN OPERATORSTerms used with keywords to provide further instruction to thesearch engineBoolean terms MUST be capitalizedBoolean Operators save time and reduce inappropriateresults that must be scanned for relevancy
BOOLEAN OPERATORSNarrows the results to only those that contain both termsexample, construction jobs
BOOLEAN OPERATORSBroadens the search results to include those that contain any of theterms separated by the OR operatorexample, information technology
BOOLEAN OPERATORSNarrows the search results by excluding the term followingNOT from search resultsexample, colorado NOT denver
NESTING WITH THE MODIFERYou can (nest words together) and enclose item like (thisOR that) to help (refine OR restrict) your search results.book OR magazineipad OR tabletviolin OR strings
PHRASE SEARCHING WITHYou can “group keywords together” to instruct the searchengine to return results that are and “exact match”global warmingcriminal justicedown comforter
GENERATING A SEARCH STRINGCombine keywords, operators, and symbols in a searchstring to further instruct the search engine to find andexclude specific informationbanana breadbanana AND bread“banana bread”banana OR bread
IN THE WILD WITH THEThe , called the “Wild Card” is used to increase thesearch results by replaces missing or unknown words inyour search query.(Electricity invented by )(A penny is a penny )
SEARCH TOOLSThese search techniques will save you time and effortYour searches will bring in more relevant results.manipulate the string = manipulate the results
REFINEMENTSRefinements do just what they sound like they do; theyrefine your results!This lecture will coverYou will have to experiment with the others!
Restricts your results to the specified file type.doc ►Microsoft Wordpdf ► Adobe PDFppt ► Microsoft PowerPointxls ► Microsft Excel
Restricts your results to those from a specified site.lsus.edu ►LSUS sitegov ►Government sitesuk.linkedin.co ►LinkedIn United Kingdom sitemicrosoft.com ►Microsoft site
Restricts your results to those with specified words inthe url.directory ►(eg) directory.mozilla.orgcache ►(eg)thefreedictionary.com/cacheresume|cv ►url resume OR cv, for example:jobstar.org/tools/resume
Combine methods=Boost!Let’s say I’d like a news article on Information Technology, from agovernment site, in the form of PDF, Word document, or Excel.Create a search string that would help you narrow down the results.Play around with different combinationsSee what you come up with!
Look at the key words:Let’s say I’d like a news article on Information Technology, from agovernment site, in the form of PDF, Word document, or Excel.Here is an example of a search string you could use:“Information Technology” AND site:gov AND inurl:news (filetype:pdfOR filetype:doc OR filetype:xls)
C.A.R.S AN EVALUATION CHECKLISTWhen evaluating a site for ask yourself:• Who is the author of the site?• What is the author’s credentials? experience? training?education?• Does the author provide contact information?• What does the site’s appearance look like? professional?organized? neat?: anonymous author, misspellings, faulty links, messyappearance
C.A.R.S AN EVALUATION CHECKLISTWhen evaluating a site for ask yourself:• When was the material compiled or created? recently?• Is the material presented a comprehensive presentation of thefacts?• Why, what purpose, what the site or information created?: out of date information, expired links,inaccurate information, overly generalized information
C.A.R.S AN EVALUATION CHECKLISTWhen evaluating a site for ask yourself:• Is the material presented in an objective and non-biased manner?• Does the information make sense to you based on what youalready know to be true?• Does the information contradict itself or other parts of the Web site?: manipulative and/or emotional language, one-sidedinformation, Web site and information show a conflict of interest
C.A.R.S AN EVALUATION CHECKLISTWhen evaluating a site for ask yourself:• Has the author documented or provided sources?• Can you find other sources (at least two) that support the datapresented on the site in question?: lack of documentation, information contradictsother known reliable sources
EVALUATING SITESCiting SourcesGive credit where credit is due!There are even sites that will do it for you:http://www.easybib.comhttp://www.citationmaker.comAnd sites that will check for plagiarism & grammar errors:http://www.smallseotools.com/plagiarism-checker
HUNTING KITAssembling your hunting tool kit• Keyword search use specific, relevant, professional terms• Boolean operators refine search by including or excluding terms• Phrase search specify term groupings and order• URL checking domain types help identify source type• C.A.R.S. evaluate your sources• Cite sources plagiarism is not flattery it is unethical and wrong• Be safe! You never know where those Web pages have been!
I LOVE LOVE LOVE www.deeperweb.com ! ! ! !Powered by Google, it displays results a bit differently throughclustering and tags. Very efficient searching!Take the lightning fast tour/tutorial here:http://deeperweb.com/help/tutorial-howto.php
www.dogpile.comSearches Google, Yahoo, and Yandex.You will find that some meta-search engines display duplicates,dogpile analyzes the results, determines relevancy, and eliminatesduplicates.
Do not underestimate the value of a social network!On LinkedIn you’ll find groups of professionals and novices whoshare similar interests all collaborating and learning from eachother in LinkedIn Groups. For example I am a part of these groups:Join me!http://www.linkedin.com/in/amandadeason
Pinterest is so much more than just recipes and sewing tutorials.More and more companies are realizing the value of a visual searchand storage tool.Learn, share, create, collaborate, and yes even get a goodchocolate cookie recipe at http://www.pinterest.com
Please note I only briefly touched on a few topics I feel areessential to internet research. I didn’t even discuss these:
AMANDA DEASONInternet Researcherinfo@cybershakedown.comI encourage you to contact me regarding any internet researchquestions and/or comments.Happy Hunting!
RESOURCESInformation in this lecture is a combination of my own prior knowledge and informationfound from these online resources:GRCC – Holman Library WordleTed Rogers School of Management Google tutorialsClass Zone Web Research Guide seo.certification.or.inLaura Cohen, The Finer Points of Web Search Life OnlineWorld Science Festival