NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WOMEN-LED WATER MANAGEMENT:STRATEGIES TOWARDS WATER SUSTAINABLITY IN RURAL INDIA NOV 5 - 6, 2012, GURGAON
Framework• Policy• Environment Across Levels• Household 1 Learning from experience 2.Men enabling women participation 3.Reservation- Rights-knowledge sensitization 4. Collective strength 5. Mass media/school curriculum 6. Gender Budgeting 7. Economic Independence 8. NEED based capacity building 9. Institutionalization of regional success
Feedback• Capacity building resource groups-monitoring.• National state district block village village level institutional.
GROUP TASK Strategy to make an enabling environment for theGroup-1 women’s role in decision making
GROUP TASK Role of civil society to pave the way for women-ledGroup-2 water management and sanitation
• 50 % of women should be ensured in water and sanitation programmes. If 50 % women participation is not there, then programmes should not be started.• Awareness generation in women for making them realize leadership roles• March 8 – Women’s Day, oath for participation• Men should support women in WASH• Social mobilization of women – trainers and community mobilisers should be women
• Civil society should make their institutions and programmes gender sensitive.• Role model of women ( capacity and skill development)• Capacity building of women, Ownership among women should be developed• Capacity building module should address gender issues.• Policy in WASH does not have much influence at grass roots, good IEC materials like health
• Incentives : Women groups should be awarded for maintaining assets and infrastsure• Approaches : tailor fit the model to suit cultural and geographical context (bottom up approach)• Best practices in WASH, disseminate it widely• Linkage with government departments at all levels of government• Replicate good models to other areas
• Pilot project by government with civil society – how to include women in WASH• Impact assessment of micro level interventions
GROUP TASK Role of Government institutions to pave the way forGroup-3 women-led water management and sanitation
• Segregated Data with relation to Gender-WASH• Capacity Building for an inclusive strategy to incorporate Gender into WASH programming• Record of practices of accountability, to strengthen implementation; Tracking mechanism for Gender-related implementation in WASH sector• Piloting Gender-considerate programme, that would serve for scaling-up from the bottom• Synergies between different programmes, and Departments/Ministries• Inclusion of Gender and Vulnerable groups into policies• State-specific policies/flexibilities
• Advocacy through Media (issues of Gender/Disparity around WASH services)• Looking at the District/Block level how the Gender issue can be addressed best?• Government Monitoring Framework which includes the “Gender lens”• Promoting leadership skills and empowerment of women from the grassroot.• Need to have Government guidelines/mechanism for MHM?• Capacity Building on software components of the WASH sector to address the Gender issues.• Role of Community volunteers, Foot soldiers, Frontline workers, to be capacitated on Gender-WASH issue; as well as role of Women in those.• Creating opportunities for women in the WASH sector (such as ASHA, AWW, etc.)• Gender dimension in Water Safety Planning, NBA, etc.• All the above, divided across timeline: short term/mid-term (gender dimension into flagship programmes), long term (Universities, Departments, etc)
GROUP TASK 1. What research needs exist?Group-4 2. What methodological issues are we facing?
Under-researched issue areas• Convergence at grassroots level Need for a model for convergence that incorporates the gender components Problems with Convergence: Lack of institutional coordination at grass roots levels Lack of community understanding Need for understanding the water issues in the multidisciplinary frameworks (climate change, etc)
• Lack of understanding of theory of change• How did it happen?• More rigorous documentation.
• Lack of understanding among women about their roles related to water at community level• Limited awareness about their involvement in water-related work
• Discussions on water security need to take place in the discussion of human development (education, economic development, etc) • lack of empirical support for the linkage between water security and other development indicators(economy, education, etc) • Lack data linking water security to HDI
• Lack of research on women’s role on irrigation, drainage and soil& water conversation
• Need for gender-friendly sanitation technology• Need for template for sanitation technology
Methodologies• Lack of knowledge about gender-related methodologies• Inconsistent use of terminologies (women-led, women participation, etc)• Need for more rigorous attribution arguments• Ensuring women respondents