S5 3 urvashi prasad women and sani ppt final with photoPresentation Transcript
NO TOILET NO BRIDEWOMEN LED NIRMAL BHARAT ABHIYAN URVASHI PRASAD CONSULTANT MINISTRY OF DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION GOVERNMENT OF INDIA Women Led Water Management Conference, IRRD , Gurgaon, Haryana 6th November, 2012
Reactions… No more school for her.. God, no periods during exams… I am scared to go out in the dark to defecate Mere Bhachchi ko phir diarreoa ho gaya. Aaj ki dehadi bhi gayi aur samay bhi O God this toilet is so dirty and dingy. I am having a gynaec infection Amudha
Poor Sanitation Impacts Women themost--- Health –Gynaec , Menstrual problems, Diarrhea , Malnutrition, JE/AES Education – Low Enrollment, Drop out Safety – Insecurity, sexual abuse Dignity & Privacy – Place to defecate without having the fear of being seen nude or abused. Women take care of water and sanitation needs of family
Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan –Key Features Creation of open defecation free Nirmal grams Saturation approach All Households ( Identified APL & BPL have toilets) All Schools have toilets All Anganwadis have toilets• Solid and Liquid Waste Management• Focus on demand generation and focussed IEC• Inclusion of gender perspective in Key components
WOMEN LED NIRMAL BHARAT ABHIYAN Women for SHEEEL Sanitation Promotion- Women as Change Agents Health –Menstrual Hygiene Education – School Sanitation and Hygiene Education Employment – SHGs Empowerment- Women Led Nirmal Gram Panchayats Latrine Construction -Women Sanitary Complexes
Sanitation promotion Women as Change Agents As mothers train young children in sanitation practices Awareness generation and Community mobilization “No toilet No Bride” “No toilet No Cooking” National Communication Strategy framework ASHA, AWW, Swachchata Preraks, Swachchata Doots engaged Haryana –Women have formed vigilance Committees to monitor sanitation promotion
Education – School Sanitation andHygiene Education Incentive of Rs. 35,000/- (Rs. 38,500 in case of hilly and difficult areas) for provision of child friendly toilets, urinals, handwashing facilities and health hygiene education in all Government and Government aided E - Education schools in rural areas. Separate toilet units for girls and boys in all Co-educational schools. Menstrual Hygiene, Incinerators in Schools
Gender Sensitive School Sanitation Programme A minimum package of water and sanitation facilities with appropriate , child friendly and gender – sensitive designs are available in all schools. Provision of separate toilet and urinal facilities for girls: Safe location and lock. Appropriate location of toilets for girls to ensure security and access. Adequate ratio of toilets and urinals with more facilities for girls to reduce waiting time. Privacy and security: Every cubical with doors and latches, walls at least 6 feet high. Education on use and maintenance of facilities in schools : students clubs /committees. All children of all ages and groups are actively involved in school sanitation and hygiene education and both boys and girls share the responsibility of maintenance. Urinals with foot rests to support squatting. Sanitary napkin vending machines. Safe disposal of sanitary napkins by setting up incinerators. Menstrual hygiene and health education programmes.
Employment - Role of Women SHGs Use of group savings, bank loan, revolving fund, and pooling of incentives for Toilet construction Income generation opportunities- Production of Low cost rural pans, construction of toilets Rural Sanitary Marts Production Centres Sanitary Napkin Production Units Solid and Liquid Waste Management Convergence with NRLM
Empowerment- Women Led NirmalGram Panchayats As members of SWSM, DWSC design sanitation programmes and policies As Panchayat Presidents Lead their villages in making Nirmal Grams As members of Village Water and Sanitation Committees make Sanitation Action Plans for Gram Panchayats As ASHA, AWW, Teachers, Mahila Mandal SHG Members are sanitation ambassadors
Latrine Construction Women as Masons Production of sanitary materials
ISSUES Building a GenderSensitive Policy & Environment Women in the Centre of Planning and Decision Making Prioritizing specific needs and concerns of women from all Social Groups NBA has components of involvement of women No detailed or specific guidelines for inclusion of gender perspective in specific componentsEg. – Gender Sensitive Latrines Menstrual Hygiene Lack of disaggregated data on gender and sanitation facilities Bathrooms with Toilets
ISSUES Capacity Development Sanitation training poor cousin as compared to Water Supply projects Targeting women for training (SHGs, Women PRIs) Training in technical, managerial, financial Building Gender perspective in new institutions like BRCs, VHWSNC, KRCs Gender Focused training programmesSACOSAN 2008 Amudha
ISSUES Participation and Equity inDecision Making Women under represented in sanitation world Increased income and status of women with involvement in sanitation projects Projects Designed to run with full participation of women are more effective and sustainable Reservation of women in new institutions under NBA Viz, SWSM, SWSC, DWSC BRCs, VHWSNC
ISSUES Resource Mobilization Formal and Informal womens organizations SHGs, Mahila Mandals Prioritizing womens needs change from to Top Down models to a range of models .Dignity, privacy, spaces for bathing and washing Entrepreneurship opportunities for Womens Groups Convergence of programmes that work through women .
WAY FORWARDSACOSAN 2008 Amudha
Women Led NBA Reactions… Shauchalya nahi to dulhan nahi Shauchalya nahi to khana nahi Amcha Gram Hagandari Mukt These simple sanitary napkins made by the self help group women has made me feel confident and helped many girls in my village to continue with their studies without being shy. This Nirmal Gram Puruskar as President of my Panchayat that I have won from the President of India has made my village women and men proud
Sanitation is more important thanfreedom…. Freedom to live a dignified life…….