Women’s Voice in Water Resource Management by Ch.Ram Babu Dr.K.A.S.Mani, Vallaperla Paul Raja Rao, Dr.Madhukar Reddy,Experience drawn from Andhra Pradesh Farmers Managed Groundwater System (APFAMGS) Project
FEMINISATION OF WATER MANAGEMENT• Water distress leads to different levels of sufferings in men and women. Non availability of water is generally a great curse on women.• Improving water management requires participation of women in the decision making process al all levels particularly at the user level.• FAO funded Andhra Pradesh Farmer Managed Groundwater System APFAMGS project took a step in this direction by preparing women not just as a pressure group but make them an equal partner through new skills, capacity, knowledge and role in local institutions.• Beyond the feminist activist’s path women were enabled to understand their groundwater resource system, existing water use practices, level of misuse and more importantly present their thoughts for enhancing water use efficiency and productivity.
ADDRESS THE REALITY OF POOR REPRESENTATION IN LOCAL INSTITUTIONS• Village level Groundwater Management Committee (GMC) and Hydrological Unit Network (HUN) a federation of GMC’s guaranteed 50% membership to women and more importantly all decision making resolutions stipulated 50% attendance of women (quorum).• Active role for women ensured male members overcome selfish interests, inculcate new value systems and work towards common goal that benefits all including women.• Active participation promoted gender justice resulting in women being made equal partners in technical data gathering.
BRINGING TECHNICAL DATA GATHERING INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAINCommunity volunteers led by women (4333women and men ) are involved in technicaldata gathering related to : • Daily rainfall measurement collected from 190 rain gauge stations • Fortnightly groundwater levels monitored from 2019 monitoring wells • Fortnightly well discharge measurement in 969 monitoring wells • Daily Surface water outflows in 65 micro-basins • Seasonal groundwater quality measurements • Season wise cropping pattern •
FARMER WATER SCHOOL - FWS 1 Ballot Box Introduce exercise new (assessment of concepts knowledge) and content Clarify 5 4 concepts 2 and content Reflect and Transfer identify newlearning to issues the 3community Apply new content/concepts to a concrete issue
TRANSFORMING DATA TO KNOWLEDGE• Data gathering annually culminates in Crop Water Budgeting (CWB) workshop.• CWB is an annual event conducted in the month of Sept-Oct prior to the Rabi Crop (groundwater based cropping season).• In the workshop women and mean from different villages yet part of the same drainage family come together and use the data for estimating the available groundwater and forecast risks related to its misuse• Women for the first time get access to critical information on water the amount of its availability• Solutions are debated on its just use• Women generally prioritize on environment friendly approach , focus on home needs (food, nutrition, sanitation, health), less inclined to commercial –cash crops, assess risks in its totality and do not prefer crops seeking high quantity of water.• Many of the solutions offered by women are in conflict with the suggestions offered by their male counterpart, officials, planners and politicians.
WOMEN’S ROLE IN LOCAL GOVERNANCE• Participation of women in technical tasks , playing an important role in the decision making process related to water use at family and community level helped – articulate and demonstrate their inherent strengths – their vision – concerns with misuse of natural resources – assess water crisis from new perspective • food security • drinking water • sanitation • environmental degradation • water use efficiency, • climate change – developing consensus towards thinking for new solutions – enforce discipline through local governance
Looking Beyond• APFAMGS success offers fresh opportunities in tackling issues that have troubled planners and politicians in addressing problem: – Food Security – Nutrition – Managing local water bodies – Recycling waste water – Managing Common property resources – and many more
Dissemination of APFAMGS Model• APFAMGS team has been continuously sharing its experience with Government of India, Various state Government, Planning Commission, World Bank and other agencies• We offer training ( Kurnool, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh) to Senior Planners, Officials, Elected Representatives, GP members, farmers and students• Trainings offered include – 2 week in campus training – 1 week field training – 2 day condensed training – 1 day field visit
Thank YouContact PointV.Paul Raja RaoBIRDSpaulrajv@yahoo.comPhone:919849765862