S4 1-salah women empowerment 6.11 salahuddin

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S4 1-salah women empowerment 6.11 salahuddin

  1. 1. Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of the S.M. Sehgal Foundation)Inclusion & Empowerment for Women-led Water Management Salahuddin Saiphy Program Leader- Water Management IRRAD, Gurgaon Together, We Empower Rural India Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  2. 2. Women face the brunt of water problems Drinking water sources Limited water sourcesWater contaminationLarge family sizes School drinking water tank Wastage of water supply Institute Of Rural Research & Development toilets Village streets School Women drudgery (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  3. 3. Women drudgeryOver-burdenedApart from handling household chores, cattle and agricultural works, theyalso spend hours for collecting water from distant sources. Consequence • Loss of productive working hours • Girls skip school & loose study hours • Negative impact on health • Dignity/safety/security at stake • Loosing income generating jobs • Limited participation in village development If women, the primary water user, not involved in water management its sustainability can’t be ensured. Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  4. 4. A snapshot of ‘mission- water collection’Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  5. 5. IRRAD’s interventions targeting women drudgeryMost of the water management interventions of IRRAD address the issue ofwomen drudgery but specially to mention: Water supply reservoir Rainwater harvesting Wells/ hand pumps/ proper stand posts Groundwater augmentation Awareness, training & empowerment Photo: Women collecting water from their household rainwater harvesting tank Photo: Hand pump with proper platform and waste water Institute Of Rural Research & Development management system (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  6. 6. Water supply reservoir: Min. wastage, max. gain Objective • Ensuring 24 hr availability • Equitable distribution • Minimize wastage • Avoid contamination • Resource conservation (water, energy, time etc.) Photo: Wastage of precious resourcePhoto: Time also wasted while waiting for their turn Institute Of Rural Research & DevelopmentPhoto: Freedom from time bound water collection (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  7. 7. Rooftop rainwater harvesting in schools • Harvested rainwater served 325 students & teachers of Patkhori school. • Water availability improves school attendance specially for girls. • Current students strength is 480 Photo: Wall painting of RWH system Pre-The model is being filterreplicated: Bio- Storage• Haryana- 501 schools sand Tanks 25000 ltr• Chattisgarh- 25 Filter Filter Ashrams /hostels Soak Soak Pit Pit Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  8. 8. Creating fresh water pocket in saline GW zone TDS of groundwater: 1700 mg/lTDS of RWH pocket: 52-67 mg/l Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  9. 9. Low cost, local & simple solutions for water purificationBio-sand filter washed sand 5 cm (2”) below water level 1/8” dia holesObjective: Safe drinking water at 1”x1” intervalManufactured by: Locallyavailable material & artisans 5 cm (2”) support layerWhat all it can filter:• Suspended particles Diffuser plate 5 cm (2”)• Bacteria under drain• Iron/arsenic gravel Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  10. 10. Steadily changing the scenario…These interventions coupled with others are bringing the change: Improved access and availability of water Saving productive hours Increase in girls’ school attendance Curtailing the health risk Women utilizing time saved for productive activities Women started talking about water management Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  11. 11. Women empowerment on water management issuesThe task is not as simple as it should bedue to various factors.Challenges1. Neglected2. Lack of time3. Hesitant4. Male dominance5. Decision makingOpportunities1. Interest as the primary water user2. Acquainted with problems & solutions3. Get attention if they stood up4. Enthusiastic Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  12. 12. Empowering “Mahila Jal Prabandhan Samiti”Photo: Meeting with MJPS in Mundaka Photo: Meeting with MJPS in MarodaInstitute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  13. 13. Women empowerment…….. What? How? Action?• Preparing a platform • FGD • Discussing issues at• Situation realization • Meetings community level• Identify problem areas • VHSC/SMC • Fixing responsibilities• Identify probable • Trainings • Targeting solutions • Motivation o Sanitation & hygiene • Follow up o Plantation o Drinking water 1. Village becoming waste water free 2. Close to full coverage of latrinesRESULT 3. Plantation in village 4. Meeting with PHED engineers, ADC & DC for providing water supply in village Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  14. 14. Mundaka experiencing a change…..Photo: Village streets full of waste water Photo: After construction of soak pits/ soak wells Photo: Latrine construction by villagersGood progress in Maroda and Chahalka preparing the ground for similar change. Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  15. 15. Focus of IRRAD’s water interventions1. Availability Replenishing GW through Check dams, nallah bunds, gabions, recharge wells, soak wells, ponds, reviving traditional structures etc.2. Access & equitable distribution Water supply reservoir, drinking water wells, hand pumps, proper stand posts etc.3. Household water sources Improving household water storage through RWH tanks, storage & usage practices.4. Safe drinking water Promoting water treatment through bio-sand filters, SODIS, disinfection etc.5. Waste water disposal Safe disposal of waste water through soak pits, soak wells, soak trenches etc.6. Training and empowerment Water literacy, training & empowerment of communities for water sustainability. Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  16. 16. A glimpse of IRRAD’s water interventionsCheck dams/nallah bund/LSS /culverts – 67RWH models – 69Recharge wells – 47Soak pits/Soak wells – 1778Stand posts/Taps – 276Wells (D/water) – 12Hand pumps – 68Bio-sand filters – 184Rainwater harvesting tanks - 15Rejuvenation of traditional structures – 29Catchment area treatment – 390 hectaresCommunity awareness / trainings – apx 335/yAravali forest rejuvenation through social fencing Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  17. 17. Water management strategy Mass recharging of fresh GW aquifers Creating fresh water pockets in saline GW aquifers Creating surface water sources in saline GW zones Promotion of safe drinking water Safe disposal of waste water Promotion of water efficient agricultural practices Awareness & sensitization programs Empowering local communities on water management issues Continue research on innovative water management models Joining hands with interested partners for replication of successful models Institute Of Rural Research & Development (An initiative of S M Sehgal Foundation) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)

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