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S3   6 gregor-women clts mp S3 6 gregor-women clts mp Presentation Transcript

  • WOMEN-LED TOTALSANITATION: SAVINGLIVES AND DIGNITY;EXAMPLES FROMMADHYA PRADESHGregor von Medeazza , Ajit Tiwari, Megha Jain,JP Shukla, Nisheet Kumar, Avinash Tiwari
  • Double OD tragedy faced by women Profound disrespect of their dignity The intolerable pain of losing a child due to a preventable disease
  • Objectives of Paper Learn from the ground experience of Women-Centered Community- Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in two Blocks of Madhya Pradesh How these shaped the State’s MARYADA Sanitation Policy View slide
  • METHODOLOGY TRIGGERING NIGRANI ODF SAMITI Assistance through FOLLOW UP NIRMAL VATIKA Toilet construction VILLAGE and use ACTION PLAN View slide
  • Triggering Communities Defecation area transact walk
  • Triggering Communities Faces to mouth transmission & Calculation of faces ingested
  • Triggering Communities Creating feelings of disgust and pride in the community
  • Triggering Communities Natural charismatic leaders emerge who vow surveillance in the community to stop open defecation
  • Community Monitoring and Decision Community participation indecision making
  • Community Monitoring and Decision Village Action Plan by the Community using PRA tools
  • Towards ODF communityCommunity constructs affordable toilets based on needs and local resources available
  • Towards ODF community
  • ODF Celebration
  • ODF Celebration with C.M.
  • School-Led Total SanitationConstruction of new school Toilets and Urinals to support ODF Community
  • School-Led Total Sanitation Hand washing before MDM in the school
  • Lessons learnt• Adopting women-centered participatory planning• Empower the communities (especially women) to take a lead role• Focus on flexibility of design and allowing room for choice• Schools helps to inspire good hygiene and promote sanitation
  • WOMEN-LED TOTAL SANITATION INGUNA BLOCK OF GUNA DISTRICT KNOWLEDGE LINKS, DISTRICT ADMNISTRATION and UNICEF
  • Not a single village ODF in Guna till December 2011despite 8 years of TSC
  • CLTS pilot began in Guna in May 2011
  • Community led total sanitation (CLTS)gradually turned out to be a women- led total sanitation in many cases on the ground
  • Women and their voices“make our village, panchayat, cluster, block, districtODF. Until the time all villages are not ODF we and ourchildren are not safe; the root of all problems is shit”.-Is the larger vision of these empowered women
  • Women and their voices“it is not about toilets, it is about ‘ijjat’ (your self-respect). The responsibility for your ijjat is not with thegovernment, it is with you. You will have to take care ofit. Men can go at night anywhere anytime; it is we whohave to face the brunt. This has to be done”.-Explained the women from Devgarh and Rehpura towomen in Kilampur
  • Results so far  20 villages ODF without any subsidy  A team of 80 volunteers now continuing the effort towards rendering the remaining villages ODF  ODF celebration in 11 villages organized by the community
  • Results so far  Villages initiating vigilance to check OD by passers-by  Hiring masons not required; people can construct toilets on their own and save costs  Women as toilet masons
  • Results so far NLs have now formed an organization, ‘Madad’ (collective help) to carry forward the sanitation activities in the district; it is being registered Villages moving beyond ODF: compost pits, natural farming, repair of platforms of hand-pumps etc.
  • Villagers of Devgarh taking oath at SidhBaba temple for no open defecation
  • A lady constructing temporary superstructurefor her newly built toilet
  • Construction of low cost toilet by using local material
  • Community monitoring…. displaying the names ofpeople practicing OD (village Devgarh)
  • Early morning Nigrani Samiti Members in village Devgarh are inaction to catch the defaulters
  • Natural leaders of Devgarh helping in constructionin village Barkheda (GP Sirsi)
  • Empowerment: woman as mason(Parvati Bai from Devgarh)
  • Women NLs joining hands with menNLs
  • Minister participating in ODF celebration: VillageRatanpura
  • Collector participating in ODF celebration: VillageDevgarh
  • Gathering at ODF celebration in Kilampur&Devgarh Kilampur Devgarh
  • Media Coverage of ODF celebration: VillageDevgarh, Ratanpura, Singhadia,Kandhai
  • NLs from ODF villages meeting to discuss future strategy andpreparing an action plan for making entire cluster ODF
  • Beyond Sanitation..Women preparing natural fertilizer
  • Women’s empowerment ladder ODF Village Bridging the Open Road to womens’ gender gap: Enhanced Reduced empowereme ability to take dependence nt Opportunities on newer on men to venture out projects financially, Increased and travel to independently emotionally, confidence other villages to to improve psychologicallCLTS Triggering Skills in and self share their quality of their y, mentally. masonry respect with achievements lives. Skills in traditionally the sense of for cross- planning and accepted as achievement learning Opportunity management; mens domain to interact increased Emergence of with interaction with Women community CLTS facilitators; Increase in Natural including skills in public overall Leaders as it menfolk: speaking with knowledge of touches their break from outsiders health and everyday the veil; hygiene and problem improved skills its linkage to in motivation water and and convincing sanitation
  • Scaling-Up These practices have been translated into State-level policy in the form of the MARYADA (“Dignity”) Campaign:  MARYADA emphasizes on creating a women-centered Sanitation movement (with woman dignity at its core), with CLTS as the “operating system”.  MARYADA guidelines also draw from the recently approved National Communication Strategy, with regards to the 4 key Hygiene Behaviors  MARYADA underline the "beneficiarys involvement in construction"  MARYADA guidelines leave sufficient room for flexibility of design.  MARYADA guidelines also include School and AWCs Sanitation, emphasizing on Child’s Right as well as O&M.
  • Thank YouGregor von Medeazza Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Specialist, UNICEF Madhya PradeshAjit Tiwari Block Chief Executive Officer, Block Administration Budhni, Government of M.P.Megha Jain Independent Documentation ConsultantJanardan Prasad Shukla and Nisheeth Kumar - Knowledge Links CLTS AgencyAvinash Tiwar M&E CLTS, Block Administration Budhni (Sehore District), Government of M.P.